Genital warts or genital warts: what is it?
Welcome dear visitor to our website. Today we will tell you what is the difference between warts from warts?
And how dangerous are these diseases?
Genital warts and genital warts are the result of pathogenic actions of the virus the human papilloma virus. The pathogen causes lesions of the skin and mucous membranes of the human body.
But first we recommend you read the book «the Treatment of warts folk methods», where the current folk remedies against the disease.
Manifestations may be in the form of warts, warts and papillomas of different sizes and quantities.
All these formations are slightly different each other. Papillomas represent benign tumor of the skin over which it acts in the form of a papilla.
Warts combine several types of entities:
Genital warts — growths of small size (at the confluence can reach a considerable magnitude) appear on the genital skin, mucous membranes in the anus, sometimes on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity.
What causes skin tumors?
The causative agent is a virus containing DNA that do not have a shell. At the moment there are about 120 genotypes of the virus, some of which are oncogenic agents.
Each type of virus causes the formation of growths in certain areas of the human body. For example, about 40 species of tropic to the skin and mucous anogenitalina tract of women and men. Growths in these areas of the body are called warts.
Some species of the pathogen are not harmful, others are able to cause the formation of warts, others cancer (e.g., squamous).
According to research, the claim that HPV is a sexually transmitted infection, true as the fact that the virus creates a high risk of degeneration into malignant growths of the tumor.
The greatest danger a pathogen poses to the female body, provoking cervical cancer, and according to recent data, breast tumor.
Other manifestations of infection:
- Neoplasia of the cervical epithelium (intraepithelial);
- On the cervix are formed flat warts;
- Dysplasia of the genital;
- In individuals with weakened immune status, the virus causes the formation of a large number of warts;
- Benign and malignant neoplasms.
All of the above symptoms in the human body depend on the type of virus. Depending on the possibility to provoke cervical cancer pathogen are divided into several groups:
- Papillomavirus with high oncogenic risk: is 16 18, 31 and 33, 35 and 39, 45 and 51, 52, and 56, 58, 59, 68;
- Pathogens with low oncogenic risk type 6 and 11, 42-44;
- Viruses are non-oncogenic properties: 1 to 3, 5.
What are the main manifestations of the disease?
Conventionally, experts have identified two groups of the virus: having a predominant exophytic growth, which include genital warts ( different- wart), as well as viruses that cause the growth of structures with predominant endophytic growth (inverted papilloma, atypical, flat).
Also tumors selectively localized to specific areas of the body that also depends on the type of virus. Genital papillomas (warts) are formed on mucous vagina, urethra, vulva, cervix, anus.
These symptoms are the main diagnostic criteria of HPV. Oral sex dangerous appearance of papillomas in the mouth, if the partner was infected with HPV.
The ways of spreading of infection
For women the factors of risk of development of cancer on the background of papillomatosis:
- Sexy. It includes early sexual debut, changing partners and promiscuity, anal intercourse, especially with persons having the disease in the anogenital tract;
- The presence of concomitant diseases: chlamydia, Trichomonas, gonorrhea, candidiasis, and mycoplasmosis;
- An important factor is Smoking. Tobacco smoke contains metabolites that may activate infectious diseases of the cervix, triggered by HPV;
- The use of intrauterine devices or oral contraceptives for a long period of time;
- The presence in the patient of endometriosis localized in the cervix.
The virus enters the body, passes through several stages which differ as to external manifestations and its effect on the body:
- During the latent phase there are no clinical manifestations, there are no morphological features, but is determined by the DNA of the virus;
- Subclinical stage is characterized by minimal manifestations and morphological changes, DNA is determined;
- The clinical phase. In addition to the DNA of the causative agent of the disease is confirmed by the presence of papillomas, warts, areas of dysplasia. In the study of morphology, there are signs of alteration.
All tumors in the first place, cause patients discomfort. It can be complexes, irritability, dissatisfaction with appearance. But other than that, warts and their varieties (papillomas and condylomas) are dangerous.
They are often injured, increase in size, prevent bleed.
In places with the greatest friction warts or otherwise- genital types of warts (genital) grow quickly, merge, interfere with normal sexual life and sometimes even the bowel, causing severe pain.
Tumors serve as «gateway» for infections, so they are often injury leads to inflammation, suppuration. Prolonged infection accompanied by the formation of sinus tracts, chronic non-healing fractures.
The most dangerous complication is the degeneration of benign tumors into malignant. Therefore, doctors strongly recommended for the detection of papillomas to resort to radical methods of treatment (removal of local growths and conducting immune therapy).
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)