Genital warts or genital warts: what is it?

Остроконечные бородавки или кондиломы: что это?Welcome dear visitor to our website. Today we will tell you what is the difference between warts from warts?

And how dangerous are these diseases?

Genital warts and genital warts are the result of pathogenic actions of the virus the human papilloma virus. The pathogen causes lesions of the skin and mucous membranes of the human body.

But first we recommend you read the book «the Treatment of warts folk methods», where the current folk remedies against the disease.

Manifestations may be in the form of warts, warts and papillomas of different sizes and quantities.

All these formations are slightly different each other. Papillomas represent benign tumor of the skin over which it acts in the form of a papilla.

Warts combine several types of entities:

  • Pointed varieties of warts, or as they are called warts. Very fine education, pink color, tend to merge. First, they resemble nodules, tender, have a leg. Then their number increases, they coalesce, resembling more cauliflower;
  • Age-related keratomas. They are also called senile warts. They are not associated with the virus, described above. Have a clear localization in the neck, face, torso. They are formed by the Horny masses, impregnated with cutaneous fat. Their color can vary from gray to brown and even black;
  • Flat warts (juvenile). Nodules of irregular shape, often located on the skin of the dorsum of the hands and the face. Usually seen in children or young adults, and their development is preceded by injury and scratches;
  • Common warts (vulgaris). The elevation on the skin, dead skin, firm to the touch and dry. Their villous surface, the size varies from the size of a pinhead to a pea. Also eventually merge to form large plaques. Their type is plantar warts, which cause severe pain when walking.
  • Genital warts — growths of small size (at the confluence can reach a considerable magnitude) appear on the genital skin, mucous membranes in the anus, sometimes on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity.

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    What causes skin tumors?

    Остроконечные бородавки или кондиломы: что это?The causative agent is a virus containing DNA that do not have a shell. At the moment there are about 120 genotypes of the virus, some of which are oncogenic agents.

    Each type of virus causes the formation of growths in certain areas of the human body. For example, about 40 species of tropic to the skin and mucous anogenitalina tract of women and men. Growths in these areas of the body are called warts.

    Some species of the pathogen are not harmful, others are able to cause the formation of warts, others cancer (e.g., squamous).

    According to research, the claim that HPV is a sexually transmitted infection, true as the fact that the virus creates a high risk of degeneration into malignant growths of the tumor.

    The greatest danger a pathogen poses to the female body, provoking cervical cancer, and according to recent data, breast tumor.

    Other manifestations of infection:

    • Neoplasia of the cervical epithelium (intraepithelial);
    • On the cervix are formed flat warts;
    • Dysplasia of the genital;
    • Carcinoma;
    • In individuals with weakened immune status, the virus causes the formation of a large number of warts;
    • Benign and malignant neoplasms.

    All of the above symptoms in the human body depend on the type of virus. Depending on the possibility to provoke cervical cancer pathogen are divided into several groups:

    • Papillomavirus with high oncogenic risk: is 16 18, 31 and 33, 35 and 39, 45 and 51, 52, and 56, 58, 59, 68;
    • Pathogens with low oncogenic risk type 6 and 11, 42-44;
    • Viruses are non-oncogenic properties: 1 to 3, 5.

    What are the main manifestations of the disease?

    Остроконечные бородавки или кондиломы: что это?Conventionally, experts have identified two groups of the virus: having a predominant exophytic growth, which include genital warts ( different- wart), as well as viruses that cause the growth of structures with predominant endophytic growth (inverted papilloma, atypical, flat).

    Also tumors selectively localized to specific areas of the body that also depends on the type of virus. Genital papillomas (warts) are formed on mucous vagina, urethra, vulva, cervix, anus.

    These symptoms are the main diagnostic criteria of HPV. Oral sex dangerous appearance of papillomas in the mouth, if the partner was infected with HPV.

    The ways of spreading of infection

  • The most common-sexual way. It also includes oral and anal sex;
  • Household way of infection. For a little period of time the pathogen remains viable, so there is a risk of infection in public areas (baths, showers, swimming pools). The virus enters through damaged skin;
  • Rare cases of transmission of mother-to-child during delivery naturally. Although this variant is very rare, but it entails adverse consequences — the laryngeal papillomatosis in the newborn;
  • Infection by the patient himself. For example, during epilating.
  • For women the factors of risk of development of cancer on the background of papillomatosis:

    • Sexy. It includes early sexual debut, changing partners and promiscuity, anal intercourse, especially with persons having the disease in the anogenital tract;
    • The presence of concomitant diseases: chlamydia, Trichomonas, gonorrhea, candidiasis, and mycoplasmosis;
    • An important factor is Smoking. Tobacco smoke contains metabolites that may activate infectious diseases of the cervix, triggered by HPV;
    • The use of intrauterine devices or oral contraceptives for a long period of time;
    • The presence in the patient of endometriosis localized in the cervix.

    The virus enters the body, passes through several stages which differ as to external manifestations and its effect on the body:

    • During the latent phase there are no clinical manifestations, there are no morphological features, but is determined by the DNA of the virus;
    • Subclinical stage is characterized by minimal manifestations and morphological changes, DNA is determined;
    • The clinical phase. In addition to the DNA of the causative agent of the disease is confirmed by the presence of papillomas, warts, areas of dysplasia. In the study of morphology, there are signs of alteration.

    The consequences

    All tumors in the first place, cause patients discomfort. It can be complexes, irritability, dissatisfaction with appearance. But other than that, warts and their varieties (papillomas and condylomas) are dangerous.

    They are often injured, increase in size, prevent bleed.

    In places with the greatest friction warts or otherwise- genital types of warts (genital) grow quickly, merge, interfere with normal sexual life and sometimes even the bowel, causing severe pain.

    Tumors serve as «gateway» for infections, so they are often injury leads to inflammation, suppuration. Prolonged infection accompanied by the formation of sinus tracts, chronic non-healing fractures.

    The most dangerous complication is the degeneration of benign tumors into malignant. Therefore, doctors strongly recommended for the detection of papillomas to resort to radical methods of treatment (removal of local growths and conducting immune therapy).

    Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)