Herpes simplex virus: symptoms, treatment and prevention
Good evening, dear visitors and regular readers! Today we will discuss the herpes simplex virus, which is available in almost every adult. I think that you did not face him? Read the article and check back.
HSV or herpes simplex virus — a microscopic organism that can live in the human body. In fact, he is not alone.
To date, we know eight types of herpes viruses, but simple called just two 1 type and 2 type. Let’s compare these HSV, but first I suggest to get acquainted with basic information about them:
Now let’s consider the above types of herpes viruses (simple) read more and compare them with each other.
Features two types of HSV
Let’s start with the first type, which is considered the most common. Infection occurs often in children, but in children the symptoms of the disease may not appear immediately, but only after many years in adulthood.
Once infected, the herpes virus settles permanently in the human body, occasionally escalates, and then falls asleep in the nerve cells. It can be easily transferred to the genital area, if careless to contact with the symptoms on his lips.
The second HSV — is a sexually transmitted disease that develops after infection in the same way as the previous one. Provocateur predominantly affects the groin and is very dangerous for women who intend to give birth.
Both infections give symptoms when first infected (primary), and then fall asleep and may occasionally deteriorate. The main reason for the deterioration — decrease in immunity.
A strong immune system is able to contain the virus, and the weak give up under their pressure. Weaken the immune system can:
- chronic disease;
- infection additional infection;
- long-term use of antibiotics and hormones;
- old age;
- wrong way of life.
Each factor from the list can cause new rash, which in each case will evolve according to the same scheme.
The average person aggravation happen 4-6 times a year. If this occurs often, it indicates the presence of immunodeficiency.
People who have often exacerbated erisipela, it is recommended to get tested for HIV and other hidden diseases affecting the immune protective system of the body.
Symptoms: what is the difference between the above infections from each other?
Virtually indistinguishable, only located in different parts of the body. First HSV causes a characteristic rash on the face, namely the mouth area and oral cavity.
HSV second provokes the same rash, but on the intimate organs and within them. The main feature always remains rash that develops according to the scheme:
- first, the affected area (skin or mucosa) swells, itchy, numb, turn white or blush;
- the next day it blisters (diameter 1-2 mm) with transparent content, dense to the touch;
- gradually the blisters grow turbid and burst;
- their ulcers;
- the ulcers crust formed;
- after 1-2 weeks it disappears and the infection goes away.
Additional symptoms of the presence of HSV in the body of the first: the weakness and drowsiness; fever; cough (dry); digestive disorders.
Additional symptoms of the presence of HSV II in the body:
- abnormal vaginal discharge;
- pain when urinating;
- reduced potency in men;
- itching and pain in the genital area.
Most notable is the first manifestation of herpetic disease. Following her periods of activity will not be as bright. Knowing the symptoms, you will easily distinguish this disease from any other.
How does HSV spread?
The first type of simple herpes viruses spread primarily through oral contact, in which the biological fluid of the patient in contact with mucous membranes and skin of a healthy person.
The most dangerous situation, which covers a healthy person touches the rash and its contents. The simplest example of infection — the kiss. In addition to this transfer method, there is contact-household the disease spreads through shared utensils, towels, toothbrushes, etc.
The second simplest type of herpes viruses is transmitted primarily through sex, in which sexual infected area comes into contact with a healthy.
In addition, genital disease can be transmitted through oral sex, if on the lips of a willing partner will be present a rash. HSV is transmitted to the second as well as first — through common household items.
The most dangerous way of transmission in utero during pregnancy and infection during childbirth.
While a child suffers in the first place, which the disease can cause serious abnormalities and even sudden death. What other complications threatening ill?
Complications of the disease due to HSV 1 and 2
How to check for disease in your body?
For this you need to pass certain tests namely ELISA test and PCR. The second is not, because it is more expensive. The first maximum speed, and its action is directed on finding antibodies to the provocateur of the disease.
Antibodies or immunoglobulins are highlighted in the body after the virus attack. They may be different, but we are interested in is G and M. the G-class is permanent antibodies which support the organism’s ability to resist.
M is a fast antibodies that occur during exacerbation or first manifestation of illness and then gradually die.
If you have HSV, the test results you will see:
- Ig G and M is positive;
If positive will be only M-antibodies, then the infection is acute and have recently appeared. If will be positive only G-antibodies, the disease you have, but at the moment it is inactive.
If positive there will be those others, the disease you develop too active. Therefore, if the results are completely negative, then you have never encountered the herpes viruses protozoa.
Treatment and preventive measures
Treatment is the same for all types of simple herpes viruses. Moreover, it is the same for other types of viruses provocateurs, for example, to 6 type. If you are diagnosed with HSV the first or second, it is not necessary to despair and panic. At the present time it is not uncommon.
The treatment is not necessarily for everyone. If you have an infection is not evident, exacerbated not and do not care, then treatment is not required. It is prescribed only in exacerbations and carry out with the help of modern antiviral drugs.
Against HSV used drugs on the basis of: Acyclovir, Famciclovir, Valacyclovir.
This can be a variety of external and oral treatment, as well as solutions for intravenous administration. Almost all are assigned to ointments for external use, and this is often sufficient.
Apply a thin layer to each element of the rash 3-5 times a day. Use of antiviral medication to the first day of sickness, otherwise then it loses its effectiveness.
For applying ointment, use a disposable tool in the form of ear sticks or plastic cosmetic. In addition, suitable cotton pads or disposable gloves.
Tablets and solutions for injection must be seriously ill. Pregnant women, whose disease worsened before birth, are treated separately under the strict supervision of the attending specialist.
Along with the traditional medicines you can use folk remedies. A list of the most effective folk remedies for HSV 1 and 2 you will find on this site.
Treatment is supplemented with vitamins and stimulators of immunity based on interferon. Only a comprehensive therapy can relieve unpleasant rash for 2-5 days.
Without treatment the infection can join in additional bacterial which enter the body through the rash, if not treated with antiseptics (consisting of antiviral ointments are always present antiseptic substances).
Prevention: what to do to avoid that?
Unfortunately, to avoid infection is almost impossible. At least one type of infection is present at almost each of us (80% sure).
If you have not found HSV, be sure to observe the prevention and try to avoid infection in the future, especially if planning a pregnancy. Preventive rules are simple and achievable:
That’s all the information about HSV. I hope I answered all questions, was interesting and informative. If you like it, then share the read with your friends on social networks and subscribe to the dermatology website. All the best and see you soon
Author: Ksenia Borisova (dermatologist)