Herpes type 6 in children: features and treatment of the disease
Hello, dear readers! Do you think that can cause meningoencephalitis, hepatitis, pneumonia in a newborn? It can be done herpes type 6 in children infection which occurs in different ways.
The saddest thing is that doctors today know practically nothing about the aforementioned pathogen. All I’ve managed to find out about it, you will find in this article, so read it carefully if you have small kids.
Herpes in a child: where does and what is it anyway?
Is a viral infection that provoked eight types of viruses. Each of us at least once in your life carries one of the types of girisindeki. After recovery, the disease is not going away, so as to get rid of it completely impossible.
To it produces immunity, which keeps it in sleep mode until the right moment. With a sharp decrease in the protective properties of immunity, the virus may re-activate more than once.
What is herpes diseases could affect you? Most likely, you are faced with chicken pox, which provokes the third type of viruses.
It’s also possible that you now have a cold sore on the lip, triggered by the first type (herpes simplex virus), or genital rash in the form of small blisters, triggered by the second type.
The fourth type is causing disease Epstein-Barr or infectious mononucleosis, and the fifth — cytomegalovirus infection, whose symptoms are similar to angina. And what do the other three? Their influence on the organism is not well studied, but something about them is already known.
Herpes infection of the sixth type is found in many children up to 3 years. Feature of this infection is its complications which are sometimes fatal.
Want to know what to expect a sick child deteriorated to such an infection? I propose to study the list of the most common complications.
Complications of girisindeki of the sixth type can be:
The most severe complications of the sixth girisindeki children are meningoencephalitis, pneumonia, myocarditis. Think your child is immune from these complications?
And here and there, so as to get the sixth herpesvirus easier in children under 6 years. How dangerous the virus enters the body of a child?
Ways of distribution of the sixth herpesvirus
Apply it the same way as other types. There are two subspecies of this type: A and B.
The most common is In-subtype, which provokes specific rash on the body and complications such as encephalitis, epilepsy, convulsions.
When doctors say that the baby was diagnosed with the sixth type of herpes viruses, often we are talking about In the subtype.
A-subtype is more common in people with a critical deficiency of the immune system and provokes complications such as multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue, rapid progression of immunodeficiency.
The main ways of distribution are as follows:
Often the first signs of the sixth girisindeki occur in children aged 6 months to 3 years. If the mother has antibodies to the sixth herpesvirus, the disease may be asymptomatic or appear later, as antibodies will be transferred through breast milk to the child.
If the child has no antibodies, the likelihood of complications increases. Want to know what are the symptoms herpes sixth type? Then check out the main noticeable symptoms.
Evidence for the presence of the sixth herpesvirus in the body of the child
The first symptoms can occur after acute diseases (SARS, for example) or other factors that reduce the immunity of the baby, and also after stress, for example, the cessation of breastfeeding.
In debilitated children symptoms appear for no reason, and it happens after 1-2 weeks (incubation period) after infection.
The disease develops gradually and is accompanied by such symptoms:
First, the child’s temperature rises to subfebrile. A fever occurs, the resistance of which can vary (from three days to a week). During the examination the doctor may notice a slight reddening of the tonsils in the throat, and increase in other cervical lymph nodes.
Additionally, increased spleen. Inside the mouth, many suffering from specific papular rash appears, shown in the photo, which is called «Nagayama spots». In addition, the child has a stuffy nose, a cough, nausea, diarrhea, encephalopathy — disturbance of consciousness.
On the background of fever there are often febrile seizures, difficult-to-treat and very long lasting.
Then, the temperature of the child suddenly becomes normal. Immediately after this rash appears on the body (as pictured). She is generous, spotty and even papular (raised above the surface of the skin), does not cause discomfort.
First rash jumps up in the back, and then moved to the neck, abdomen, the area behind the ears.
Most interesting is that on the health and activity of the baby, this symptom does not affect. Rashes are present on the body 2-5 days, and then disappear.
In some children the infection is completely asymptomatic. This happens mainly in six-month-old toddler, in the body which there are maternal antibodies. Asymptomatic complicates the diagnosis, which is not good, but reduces the likelihood of complications.
What if the child showed signs of such an infection?
If the child shows signs of infection the above, it is necessary to show the pediatrician, who will refer for tests. The most popular these days is an ELISA showing antibodies in the blood.
If antibodies to the sixth type of herpes passed on to child from mother, his blood will be a moderate amount of igG-antibodies does not exceed the norm. These antibodies are defined within 7-10 days after birth.
To confirm the presence of herpesvirus 6 in the body, you need to make the above two analysis, the second should show an increase in igG 4 times or more. During primary infection igG in the blood may not be, but be sure to be igM antibodies.
In addition, for the diagnosis of the sixth girisindeki applied culture method — modern analysis, allowing to identify the virus in any bodily fluids, even saliva.
Another diagnosis is carried out using PCR, which can tell about how the disease behaves now, and how will behave in the future.
After confirming the diagnosis of a sick child gets individual treatment. It depends on many factors, and its action is directed at eliminating symptoms and preventing complications.
As mentioned above, the sixth to bring the virus completely from the body is impossible, like other kinds of herpes viruses.
Treatment of an infection provoked by herpesvirus 6 in children
If the child tested positive for antibodies, he is administered antiviral therapy in the first place, which is carried out using drugs such as:
- Ganciclovir (the most effective against herpes virus 6);
The first and last drugs permitted for use for children after twelve years, but in Western countries they are used much earlier, especially Ganciclovir. The dosage is chosen strictly individually, the self cannot be and speeches!
And how popular antiherpetic Acyclovir? He, unfortunately, showed low efficacy against the sixth herpesvirus, so it is not used.
Instead, it can be assigned to these drugs with more powerful action, such as: Adefovir, Cidofovir, Lobucavir.
Symptoms of infection because of the sixth herpesvirus removed with the help of fever-reducing medications — Ibuprofen, Panadol or Nurofen. At home a sick child need to arrange bed rest and plenty of fluids.
Children with a weakened immune system are appointed immunomodulatory drugs based on interferon. This substance increases the protective properties of the immune system, making the child’s body to cope with the infection.
For all diseases the child, it is recommended to take vitamins, especially a, E And C. the Vitamins, despite the security, also prescribed by the doctor, so to choose their own parents is not recommended.
A very interesting opinion about the virus and treatment of this childhood infection is respected pediatrician Komorowski.
Prevention: how to protect your child from herpes viruses?
Because of the large prevalence to prevent infection is very difficult. The main preventive method is to strengthen children’s immune systems, as you need to be sure to feed the baby breast milk.
Even if the child gets infected with strong immune systems he would survive the infection easier and safer.
Preventive recommendations for older children is as follows:
- the child should regularly exercise and maintain a high level of physical activity;
- his diet must contain fresh fruits/vegetables, and to exclude from it have various fast foods and harmful treats with chemicals in the composition;
- the child should be protected from infectious diseases (e.g., SARS), and if they happen, the treatment should be mandatory and, more importantly, in a timely manner;
- the child needs to ensure complete relaxation, and this must be observed optimal schedule of activity and sleep;
- are required regular long walks in the fresh air;
- if possible, the temper of the child from an early age (but do it wisely).
Not less useful for a growing organism are vitamins, such as Aevitum, Alphabet, Complivit, Multi-Tabs. Vitamin tablets it is recommended to give in autumn and winter, when the reduced amount of nutrients and useful products.
That’s all the information about the sixth herpesvirus type which affects mainly children. I hope I answered all the questions and clearly explained what the infection is and why it needs to be treated.
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Author: Victoria Omelchenko (dermatologist)