Hives after antibiotics: what you need to do in this case?
Hello, dear readers. All people are susceptible to various diseases and often to a complete cure you must take antibiotics.
However, it happens that after taking the medicine, the skin is covered with sores and blisters that itch unbearably. This allergic reaction usually diagnosed as hives and it is related with antibiotics.
What is this disease?
The most common antibiotics that cause hives are: Ampicillin, Penicillin, Phenoxymethylpenicillin, Oxacillin, Cephalosporins, Amoxicillin.
While an allergic reaction to these stimuli is seen in the period from 12 to 36 hours. Hives after antibiotics may also manifest itself after the abolition of drugs.
The first symptoms after the medication is skin reddening, rash and blisters with a clear liquid. These blisters can grow to form one big spot.
Typically, the rash starts from the face, extremities, abdomen, and subsequently transferred to the whole body. While a person increasing temperature, deteriorating overall health, weakness and chills.
From other types of skin diseases urticaria has a rapid current. From the beginning of the first rash, until blisters may take a few hours.
It is also possible to relapse if you haven’t canceled one or the other drug. At the same time the blisters also are rapidly after discontinuation of the antibiotic.
Any antibiotic should drink it, or inject only after consultation with the doctor, and only according to the instructions for use.
Urticaria often occurs because of an increase in doses and more prolonged treatment. Despite the fact that such a reaction is very rare, it can cause serious complications, such as angioedema with probable fatal outcome.
The risk groups are those patients who in history have tendency to allergies to medications, as well as children. In children the symptoms are more pronounced due to a weak immune system.
Diagnosis and treatment of urticaria such
To diagnose the disease should be analyzed. Sometimes it is enough just to stop taking one or another antibiotic to the symptoms of the disease disappeared.
To avoid the effects, it is possible to conduct a test, which involves intradermal introduction of a tenth of a milliliter of the medicine. The reaction can consist of redness of the skin, nausea, vomiting for half an hour after the procedure was carried out.
The treatment is usually based on the complete abandonment of the drug. Also the doctor will prescribe you antihistamines that will help to get rid of the symptoms of the disease.
Now available anti-allergic drugs of new generation, such as Zyrtec, loratadine, and other Helps that can be used for both adults and children.
To resolve the symptoms of urticaria in a child under one year, often prescribe Suprastin. This medication first generation, however, he is able to quickly eliminate acute reaction.
Of the downsides stands out drowsiness and multiple (up to 3 times a day). After a year you can take drops of Fenistil or Zyrtec (up to 10 drops once a day).
In addition as a treatment for skin rashes, apply local medications in form of ointments, creams and gels. They can be hormonal or non-hormonal.
First assigned to adults, because they have many contraindications and side effects. These include ointments Advant, Loridan, prednisolone ointment, etc.
Non-hormonal ointments are often used for baby skin (Nasulin, La foi, Fenistil, zinc ointment). However, it is worth remembering that a baby can be allergic reaction due to the intolerance of certain components.
In the case of a predisposition of a patient to angioedema prescribed glucocorticosteroid drugs. They are sold only by prescription and is able to very quickly get rid of acute symptoms of urticaria after taking antibiotics.
How to help yourself folk remedies?
If you don’t have a medicine Cabinet at home in one or another antihistamine, but the doctor only the next day, from the itching and burning of the skin can help folk remedies.
What do I have to do? Take a mixture of herbs: chamomile, St. John’s wort, calendula, succession in equal proportions (1 tablespoon per 100 ml water).
All insist in a water bath, and then smear this decoction inflamed skin. For children perfect therapeutic bath with these herbs. Can also do baths and yourself. To lie is at least 20 minutes for better effect.
In addition, try to RUB the skin raw potato or an alcohol tincture. The only thing any wiping contraindicated in children. Treatment use other methods.
The conclusion of the article
So, before you start to take antibiotics be sure to consult your doctor and read the instructions for use.
In any case, not independently increase the dose and period of medication. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)