How do you get herpes?
Hello my favorite readers! And you know what herpes is, 95% of the population of the planet? Ill can both adults and children, and in different ways.
Are you curious about how the spread of infection? If you’re interested, then read, because the article you’ll find the answers to all your questions!
Recently I came to work friend and her son. She had clear signs of the above infections on the lip, while it is closely contacted with the child, hugged and kissed him despite the disease.
I asked her: do you know how can you get herpes? She said, so it’s just a cold, it isn’t contagious! And then I just jaw dropped, it turns out that many do not know anything about the virus to the sore. She «opened her eyes» — said that now and tell you.
So, how do spread? In fact, in every one. The most common of its forms are considered lipstick and genital, so they’ll start.
Lip and genital: how is it spread?
The first – «cold» on the lips is spread primarily through kissing and shared household items (through the dishes more often).
For distribution it is necessary that the patient infected fluid into the body of a healthy person.
Entering the body the virus through mucous membranes (freely) and through the skin (if it has wound). Hazardous fluid – any bodily fluid (saliva, sputum, etc.).
Greatest hazard is the fluid from herpetic blisters. Consequently, the maximum infectious person becomes in the period of exacerbation of the disease.
What if there is no rash? Can I catch a disease? In fact, the probability is there, but minimal. The virus disappears from the body after recovery.
It is generally an incurable disease, therefore, the media always dangerous, the rest of your life. That’s why the infection has become so widespread and so quickly spread across the planet.
Genital infection with type 2 (the type of virus provokes it) is spread primarily through unprotected sex. Other than that, everything is exactly the same as in the previous embodiment.
Man is most dangerous in the period of exacerbation may «give» the disease to sexual partner in close contact with them (any sexual contact).
The above-mentioned infections there is a peculiarity: one of them could easily become the second. For example, this happens if the man with the sore on lips will engage in oral sex with a healthy person.
The incubation of the virus lasts 1-2 weeks, after which in a healthy person will have rashes on the genitals. Also, just the opposite can also happen.
And yet the viruses spread through household items:
- common towels;
- cosmetics (especially dangerous is lipstick);
- toothbrushes and bath accessories.
In more rare cases, the virus passes from person to person by airborne droplets method.
If to explain in simple language, it looks like this: ill, dealing with a healthy person, coughs and sneezes, not being covered, and healthy, in turn, inhales its particles of mucus containing the virus.
Well that’s all the basic methods of propagation of simple girisindeki. But there are other types of this disease, which is also worthy of attention. Let them move on.
Chickenpox and shingles: infection methods
We all know how contagious is chicken pox. Rash on the body itself is very contagious, so even air transfer method has not been canceled. We think that chicken pox can be had only once in my life.
But, no! She has a recurrence in the form of herpes zoster. Can you catch from shingles?
Exactly shingles infection impossible, but if you’ll be in contact with the patient, you can catch chickenpox if not sick in the past.
The symptoms you will have a completely standard, vetranie. Here’s an interesting feature have 3 types of herpes viruses.
Other types of infection and ways of distribution
More complex forms of viral diseases, which are provoked by the type 6 viruses, 7 and 8, often occur without obvious symptoms.
Because of this, people ignore their condition, blamed systemic symptoms on the banal fatigue.
And nothing they do it because these types of infections are less communicable than the above. Just passed they, as a rule, in slightly different ways, namely:
- vertical – during pregnancy from mom to child (this method of distribution is considered the most dangerous for a child in the first place, as it leads to congenital abnormalities);
- through blood transfusions (by the way, in our country, blood donations are not tested for this infection, so through it you can easily become infected);
- through organs at transplantation (it is also a dangerous situation which almost always ends in tears, as the man whom operate specifically suppress the immune system so the body caught on, and the weak body, as you know, can not fight the virus).
By air, during close physical contact and through everyday things these viruses provocateurs are also moved. From viral diseases described in the article, no one is safe!
You can even now be a carrier of the infection and are not aware of this. In strong, the virus simply cannot replicate and isnegative, so symptoms will not, but someday, when the immune system weakens, they will appear.
How to checked whether there is a disease?
Very simple! If you have this desire, then go to your GP and ask him for direction in an ELISA. This analysis looks for antibodies to herpes viruses in human blood.
Unnecessarily it typically is not carried out, but at the present time you can take it on their own in any private lab.
Well that’s all the basic information about ways of infection. I hope the article was interesting and informative.
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The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)