How to relieve itching in urticaria?
Hello, dear readers. Urticaria is a common skin disease in which the mucous membranes and the skin blisters pale pink color.
Rash is almost always accompanied by a strong burning and itching that interferes with normal work and play.
In addition, the constant scratching can aggravate the disease. What to do to the patient to get rid of itching in urticaria? Let’s try together to review all known variants.
Causes of rash
Itchy rash is a reaction of the organism to various allergens. As a rule, in the acute form the symptoms persist up to several days.
If the patient has chronic urticaria, then something is wrong with by the body: there gastrointestinal disorders, peptic ulcer disease, liver disease and kidney failure, tooth decay, hepatitis, and others.
If the illness arose during pregnancy, it could be a consequence of reduced immunity toxicity.
In addition, sometimes hives from heat or cold, sunlight or chemical exposure, exercise or stress.
So, before relieve itching in urticaria is to find out the true cause of the disease and try to eliminate contact with the allergen or other exposures. Only in this way you will be able to alleviate their condition.
How to get rid of itching?
If you have allergic hives, you will be able to help gels and ointments, which are hormonal and non-hormonal.
Ointment, relieves symptoms of disease, should prescribe a doctor, because some of them cause side effects.
In urticaria easy form are assigned non-hormonal creams, which act immediately. Hormonal medications, in turn, begin their work almost instantly, but the hormones which they contain, are released into the bloodstream.
That is why they are only used in extreme cases. Before applying should carefully read the instructions.
What are hormonal?
To relieve Allergy symptoms used hydrocortisone and prednisolone ointment. This hormonal medication. In addition, your doctor may prescribe Flucinar, Celestoderm, Loridan.
Celestoderm has very unpleasant side effects: thinning skin, and atrophic changes on its surface. It is impossible to smudge more than 3 times a day.
Flucinarum treated up to 14 days. During this time, try to use no more than 30 grams of money. It has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, so can be used in non-allergic urticaria (solar, thermal, etc.).
Loridin With contains not only glucocorticosteroids, but also salicylic acid, which has antiseptic effect.
This ointment should be applied to the skin several times a day until complete relief of itching, and then once a day for prevention. The duration of treatment is represented by ointment is limited to two weeks.
A very effective non-hormonal means is Nasulin (cream-gel). Through its application it is possible not only to live in peace without itching, but also without redness, swelling.
In addition, Nasulin has antispasmodic effect, cools and soothes the affected blistered skin. It includes such herbs as plantain, chamomile, celandine, liquorice, lavender and others.
The ointment can be used to treat hives in children and during pregnancy and lactation.
The cream-gel Fenistil. It is an excellent anti-allergic agent that has a light cooling effect. It is transparent, without taste and smell.
As the main active substance in it acts dimetindene – blocker allergic symptoms.
Fenistil relieves swelling and itching, not only in hives, but also after insect bites, food allergies, rubella, chickenpox, hay fever.
However, the gel may cause dizziness, low blood pressure, headache. It is not necessary to apply the gel on a large area of the body, as there is a likelihood of vomiting, diarrhea and other side effects.
Allow the treatment gels with rashes in the child, but pregnant and lactating women, it is contraindicated.
Gitan – hormonal cream that includes chamomile extract, violet, birch buds, calendula oil, Lily of the valley.
For children can also be used cream La foi, has antipruritic, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory action.
Strong when brushing can occur infection of the skin. In this case, the doctor may prescribe non-hormonal ointment Skin AP or Akriderm.
They have antibacterial and antifungal activity. Skin-Up also available in the form of a spray and is suitable for long term use.
In addition to the above tools, you can also add zinc paste. It has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and drying effect. It is applied up to 6 times per day on clean skin.
How to remove itching with the help of «folk methods»?
Folk remedies against itching is a decoction of different herbs that you can easily prepare at home.
For topical treatment used decoctions of oak bark, chamomile, succession, calendula, burdock root. To relieve symptoms you can do cold compresses.
How to reduce itching in urticaria
- Use of sedatives;
- Try to be in a moist, cool area;
- At the time of acute illness wear clothes made of natural fabrics that won’t constrict movement;
- Refrain from Smoking and from drinking alcohol;
- Avoid contact with the allergen and try not to eat foods that can trigger an exacerbation of the disease (citrus, sweets, soda, canned food).
You can still wipe the skin with an alcoholic solution of menthol, diphenhydramine, salicylic acid, lemon juice, Apple cider vinegar, but remember, these methods are acceptable for adults and not for children. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)