How to treat white acne; what ointments are inside the inflammation?
Looking at the faces of your favorite movie stars, admiring the flawless skin of TV presenters and celebrities from the covers of magazines, who doesn’t dream about a perfect skin? But his own reflection in the mirror evokes nostalgia. Numerous white pimples on the face, inside of the lips or of the nose is not only aesthetically pleasing, but are often a sign of disturbed metabolism, and as we think about how to treat the white pimples on the face.
The content of the article
The causes of formation of pimples
The causes of acne, may be classified as follows
External causes(associated with the adverse effects of the environment):
Internal causes(due to changes of the internal organs):
Did you know that the location of white pimples indicates disease of the internal organs?
Internal and external reasons cause dysfunction of the sebaceous glands, which are bags filled with a mixture of fats. Via special ducts secret glands (sebum) excreted and forms a hydro-lipid mantle of the skin. The latter prevents the penetration of harmful substances and bacteria in the layers of the skin, preserves its elasticity and protects from the adverse effects of the environment. Changes in the composition and consistency of secretions or due to the closure of the ducts of the sebaceous glands, the sacs are not emptied, and inflammation.
The development and symptoms of inflammation
Symptoms of acne depend on the depth of lesion dermal layers and infection. It is accepted to allocate three stages of formation of pimple.
Stage of development
- The initial stage is marked by the appearance of small white pimples inside the skin. These education comedones, are small cysts inflammatory. They are formed because of the accumulation of detritus (fats and dead cells) in the sebaceous glands.
- In the case of accession of infection, inflammation develops and the process moves into the second stage. Around a Central white point is formed on the seal, the skin becomes reddish-blue shade, there is a painful sensation when pressed. Formed pimple can inadvertently opened or to continue its development.
- In the third stage develops suppuration with the formation of painful bubble soft consistency. In place of opening large, more than 5 mm, pustules are often left scars.
General principles of therapy
Modern pharmaceutical market offers many treatments for acne. However, you should pay more attention to the choice of the drug. First of all, it is advisable to consult a specialist and need to pass examination for diseases of the internal organs as possible causes of acne. If a skin lesion caused by external influences, under the guidance of a dermatologist or cosmetologist to choose the product in accordance with the stage of development of pimple and the severity of the lesion.
Mild lesions includes the use of such cleansing gels, as «Clearasil Ultra», «Exfoliac» and many other modern drugs. With 2 and 3 stages of the disease effective use of a number of modern medicines.
Retinoids (structural analogues of vitamin A).
Drugs in this group penetrate into the nucleus, which binds to DNA and suppress cell division of the skin. Retinoids improve the evacuation of detritus from the sebaceous glands, reduce the formation of sebum, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. The benefit of retinoids is their natural origin, greatly reducing the risk of adverse reactions. For local applications use different drugs in this group.
Ointment «Retinoic» 0.05 and 0.1% applied 2 times daily to the affected areas, avoiding the drugs on the skin around the eyes and nasolabial triangle. The drug is used for from one to three months. If necessary, repeat course of treatment should consult a doctor.
«Located» is available in the form of a cream, which allows the current to penetrate into the deeper layers of the dermis, providing a higher drug effect. The drug is able to dissolve the comedones, and improves the release of the contents of the sebaceous glands to the outside. An additional advantage of the «Located» should be considered as its ability to stimulate the synthesis of elastic fibers in the dermis that promotes the healing revelations of acne without scarring. The drug stimulates local immunity and increases the resistance of the skin to the introduction of microbes. Similar to «Located» is «retin-A®». Among the modern means attention retinoid metabolite «Differin».
Drugs that have a devastating effect on pathogenic microbes, can be divided into antibiotics and synthetic origin. Each subgroup has its advantages and disadvantages.
Erythromycin and clindamycin are the most widely used for the treatment of acne. Both substances disturb the protein synthesis in the bacterial cell and inhibit its proliferation. These antibiotics are active against a broad spectrum of microorganisms.
Eritromicina ointment (10 000 UNITS/g) having a lesser effect. Probably the high activity of the second antibiotic for acne mediated more impaired protein synthesis of bacteria and its ability to reduce the concentration of free fatty acids on the skin. Clindamycin comes in a gel form «Dalacin® and So®», solution for external use «Serkalem».
Despite the local application of these tools, be aware that prolonged use can lead to penetration of the antibiotic into the General bloodstream and cause adverse reactions. From this position wins less toxic erythromycin. However, clindamycin has higher antimicrobial activity. The risk of allergic reactions is more frequently noted in the treatment of clindamycin. In addition, long-term use of antibiotics, the bacteria may lose sensitivity to them. At the same time to achieve a therapeutic effect, it is recommended course of treatment. To avoid errors, taking decision to use these drugs, be sure to consult a doctor for advice.
Synthetic antimicrobial agents used in skin inflammatory diseases, presented benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid and zinc hyaluronidase. Benzoyl peroxide is available in gel form for external use and is known under the trademarks «Baziron AC», «Aclaran 5», «Desquam» and some others. The drug reduces the formation of detritus in the sebaceous glands and formation of comedones. Preparations of azelaic acid, «Anelik®», «Sinkler» and others possess local irritant effect, which is manifested by itching, burning and redness. The dignity of zinc hyaluronidase is to accelerate
A combination of drugs. Among this group of drugs has so far not disappeared interest in the liniment balsam by Wisniewski. Birch tar, castor oil and xeroform in the product to provide antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory actions. More modern combined funds are «Duac-gel» (clindamycin + benzoyl peroxide), «Deriva» (clindamycin + retinoid adapalene), «Isotrexin gel» (erythromycin + isotretinoin retinoid). This list goes on, but the basic idea of such combinations is that the second component increases the activity of the antibiotic.
Why you should not treat acne on your own?
Never has one source of information will give you the knowledge possessed by the specialist, and therefore the risk of complications and adverse reactions from the wrong selection of the medicine becomes too large. If you worsen inflammatory skin lesions failed a combination of funds? And if you develop an allergic reaction? The list of «if» you can continue. The important thing is to understand that successful treatment of acne is impossible without the guidance of a good specialist.
The advice of doctors:
- In the case of frequent repeated rashes, call your doctor and check the function of internal organs.
- Never! do not engage «self-medicate».
- Follow the rules of hygiene and do not forget about prevention. If you have skin prone to formation of white pimples that are inflamed inside, use regularly cleansing gels and lotions.
- Follow a diet. Do not eat a lot of sweet, fatty, starchy foods.
- Be beautiful and healthy!