Idiopathic urticaria: the symptoms and treatment of the disease
Welcome, dear readers. The most common allergic disease is now considered idiopathic urticaria. Despite the fact that its symptoms are similar to the usual allergic reaction, diagnosed and treated the disease differently.
In today’s article, we look at the symptoms of this disease, the causes of its occurrence and the methods of disposal.
How to recognize the disease?
So, what is this disease? Itself hives can be an independent allergic symptom, or be a symptom of other diseases.
The diagnosis of «idiopathic urticaria» is usually made in cases when doctors can’t identify the root cause, which caused the disease.
For example, in allergic urticaria with the help of tests and samples, you can identify the allergen, and idiopathic when the cause is unknown.
As a result, there are major factors that cause skin rashes – autoimmune disorders, that is, when the human immune system are prone to hypersensitivity, the cells of the body.
The disease is diagnosed through the following tests:
- The General analysis of urine;
- Clinical analysis of blood;
- Parasitological research;
- Blood tests for syphilis and HIV.
If the research was not identified allergen, which has caused skin rashes, the patient will be sent for further study at the urologist, gastroenterologist, dermatologist and others.
This additional examination is necessary to detect the disease that caused the hives.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
Idiopathic chronic urticaria lasts unlike acute more than six weeks.
It begins usually with a slight redness of the skin in several places. After some time these spots begin to merge into more extensive, they formed blisters, filled with liquid transparent color.
On the grounds they are similar to nettle burn, only blisters can size up to several centimeters.
If you look at the photo, which is located just below, you’ll see what it looks like the body of a man with idiopathic urticaria.
This kind of urticaria causes severe itching, which worsens at night. It is this symptom and makes it dangerous.
During combing can damage the top layer of the dermis, resulting in disrupted barrier function, and the organism can penetrate pathogenic microbes.
In total this disease can last up to six months with occasional recurrences.
What is the cause of the disease?
The causes of skin rashes include: food, insect stings, pollen, plants, medications, cold, heat, sunlight, stress.
It is likely that predisposing factors, rather than true. Most often, urticaria is the result of such diseases:
- Red systemic lupus erythematosus;
- Fungal, bacterial, viral infections;
- Of renal function;
- Of Hodgkin’s Disease;
- Rheumatoid arthritis;
- Infections in the gall bladder and tonsils;
- Drugs or alcohol;
- Malignant tumors in the lungs, ovaries, colon and liver.
Reasons idiopathic urticaria lie in the decline in immunity, and why there are various disease.
Complications of urticaria this type
Very often allergic urticaria is accompanied by fever, chills, weakness, neurotic disorders, nausea, vomiting.
During periods of exacerbation may occur angiotech or angioedema, and, if the negligence of your health there is a possibility of anaphylactic shock.
It is especially dangerous this condition in children. At the first signs of complications should immediately call an ambulance.
How to treat idiopathic urticaria?
For successful and effective treatment it is necessary to know the reasons that caused the disease. However, this condition is often not feasible because even after passing all tests cannot determine the exact cause of idiopathic urticaria.
That is why the whole struggle is aimed at eliminating the symptoms and strengthening the immune system.
The treatment of the disease is complex. For this purpose different methods.
The first step is to abandon the food-allergens. Keep in mind that idiopathic urticaria is not known exactly what caused the disease.
That is why the diet needs to be an experienced professional who will replace the other highly allergenic foods.
It would be ideal if you keep a food diary, noting everything you ate. It is easier in exacerbation of the disease to understand what had caused such a reaction.
More difficult with non-allergic urticaria (caused by cold, heat or other influences). You all my life to eat properly and the disease will recidivate.
Of medicinal treatment. Such treatment is needed in order to reduce the sensitivity of the immune system and detoxification.
To eliminate the symptoms of idiopathic urticaria prescribed:
- Antihistamines. They can be 4 different generations. What medication will suit you, will be able to determine only the doctor depending on the disease and existing contraindications.
- Sorbents. They are necessary for the excretion of toxins and allergens. It can be as ordinary activated carbon, Enterosgel, POLYSORB or other.
- Gels and ointments that contain corticosteroids. Such tools are able to relieve itching, burning, swelling, redness.
- Enzymes to improve digestion. Very often the cause of urticaria is becoming a problem of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Other medications that are prescribed for the treatment of concomitant diseases (antifungal, anti-inflammatory, sedative).
- If the disease persists for a long time, perhaps physiotherapy (UFO, electrophoresis, UHF-therapy).
For the relief of itching is often treated with folk remedies. For this purpose, a decoction of herbs, such as chamomile, succession, calendula, St. John’s wort.
Prevention of the disease
According to statistics, more than half of the patients with idiopathic urticaria feel much better if you follow the rules that help to avoid relapses.
Even if you have no skin rash, you should still adhere to a hypoallergenic diet.
During various viral diseases with an epidemic nature, observe measures of prevention (antiviral drugs, drink, wear disposable mask, follow personal hygiene).
Use cosmetics labeled «hypoallergenic». If possible, replace household cleaners with baking soda or vinegar.
See your doctor regularly for a checkup. Check the condition of the gums and teeth.
Tempers. Start with cool baths, gradually moving to cool the soul. This makes it possible to strengthen resistance of the body and improve health! Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)