Lichen planus in children: timely diagnosis of the disease is the key to successful treatment
Good day, readers of our portal! Ringworm is a group of pathologies that have some similarity of symptoms.
Varieties of lichen, there is enough, and today we’ll talk about a fairly rare disease, such as lichen planus in children.
Why are we talking about the fact that the disease is rare? Because each of us, at least once in my life heard the term.
And the point here is this: a form of lichen rarely affects people younger than forty years.
What reason can serve as its occurrence in young age we are with you now and figure out.
The body appears red rashes, they can be of different shapes, and pimples – have a different shape.
Localization of the rash usually appears as arbitrary and on any area of smooth skin and affects the mucous membranes.
Below photo shown, which show how a specific rash in the variety of lichen.
The disease has several subtypes, characterized by the location of the inflamed areas on the body and form pimples. There are the following main forms:
- bubble – pimples filled with fluid or blood;
- warty growths resemble warts;
- donut – rash in the form of a circle;
- atrophic – in the healing leaves scars and seals;
- pointed – striking hair;
- scleroderma is a rare form that causes atrophy of the skin.
The important fact is that lichen planus is not contagious, and it appears only under the influence of the processes occurring inside the body.
Pathology is accompanied by severe itching, and the beginning of lichen may occur on the wound or any other skin damage.
The rash has a dark red color, often the sore spots are covered with scales, and after they healed, still some time in these places is pigmentation.
In this video dermatologist tells in detail about the disease:
If the affected mucous
Usually it is the language and the inner side of the cheeks. The papules acquire bizarre shapes and often occur in the form of snowflakes, tree branches or other patterns of the correct form.
When in the mouth ulcers – it hurts while eating, but the main cases of the disease in the mouth – do not bring any discomfort to the patient and are detected by chance.
Genital disease is also common, but more adults. The child is a manifestation of almost impossible.
If the affected hair and nails
On the scalp ringworm pronounced dark red scales, which are very itchy. As the disease progresses, the patient may lose hair.
Nail ringworm is evident in the precision as the fungus, for identifying the nature of the changes of the nail plate, slice it off for further study.
To this day, scientists are investigating the disease, and the answer is no and no. There are several versions, has the right to exist, but to end the causes of lichen planus and unknown.
There are the following preconditions, which are likely to lead to this skin ailment:
- pathology of the gastrointestinal tract;
- diabetes mellitus;
- stress and psychological trauma;
- sores in the mouth, that time has not treated.
Theoretically, all of these situations can occur in children, but the etiology of the disease is that it occurs after forty years.
After a full examination of the baby and accurate diagnosis, you can begin treatment. If the disease is localized in the mouth, usually begin with the dentist.
The doctor performs debridement of the teeth, removes cavities and treats all damage the teeth.
Patients of adult age having dentures, the latter are subject to replacement or correction so that they are not damaged mucous membrane of the mouth.
In diseases of the intestine, must it cure and set for correct operation. The same applies to other pathologies, which led to deprive.
The outer manifestations should be treated with corticosteroid ointments. You need to be careful as many of them have limitations for use in children.
But this tool is considered the most effective from lichen, including the hairline. If for some reason this drug can not be applied, instead appoint ointment with calcineurin inhibitors.
In severe forms is usually applied prednisone tablets and injections. For children special calculated dose, since the use of such drugs in young age may carry a number of serious side effects.
Also lichen planus goes to different techniques of physiotherapy, it is usually phototherapy, magnetic therapy, ultraviolet irradiation and other methods of local impact on the pockets.
The doctor prescribes 10-14 sessions and in no case should not miss.
By the way, when the wounds are in the mouth – the local impact on them of using various devices, is one of the most suitable methods because of this to acquire lichen planus is treated seriously and is prone to constant relapses.
Even as a therapy of ulcers and lesions of the mucosa are different mouthwash, which possess antibacterial activity.
Today is a very popular natural components for the treatment of various diseases. To get rid of lichen there are also several recipes.
It compresses of sea buckthorn oil, and a compress of grated beetroot. Wipe the wound better calendula tincture, which you can buy in the pharmacy, and to self-infuse flowers medicinal plants on vodka.
Attach video about tools home cooking against the disease:
Finally, we summarize the following. Lichen planus is mostly in adults after 40 years.
If your child has a suspicion of this pathology, in the first place, it should correctly diagnose.
It is important not to confuse with similar ailments that are common in children. If still a diagnosis red lichen was confirmed by the tests should immediately start the treatment.
For wounds in the oral cavity, to begin with the dentist to start completely treated teeth and eliminate tooth decay.
After, should undergo basic treatment. For a child will approach the physiotherapy sessions which do not have the number of contraindications, as preparations for oral administration.
Wounds on the body are subject to daily treatment with a special cream that will speed up healing and relieve itching. Be attentive to your baby and take care of their health!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)