Non-allergic urticaria: causes and treatments

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияHi everyone, dear guests! Urticaria in dermatology is a broad concept that refers to the General definition of a number of diseases. But in this article we will discuss what is non-allergic urticaria and how is it treated.

Non-allergic urticaria occurs in the background of the effects of factors of non-allergic origin.

It can be provoked by physical aspects such as ultraviolet light, cold, mechanical effects, pressure items.

Sometimes this form of disease occurs in connection with other associated human diseases. It may be endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, etc.

The child hives can indicate the presence of such viral diseases as hepatitis. Unfortunately, to find out the true cause of this form of pathology does not always work.

Often patients are diagnosed with idiopathic urticaria, that is, the disease is not clear origin.

How to treat the disease?

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияThe main condition of successful therapy is the understanding of the causes of the disease. Unfortunately, in the case of non-allergic urticaria today, this condition cannot be realized.

Modern techniques are unable to determine exactly what provokes pathology.

Treatment non-allergic urticaria in adults based on the removal of symptoms and treatment of major pathologies, which can be a major factor in the onset of the disease. Therapy of the disease involves a combined approach using different techniques.

First of all, from the diet should exclude highly allergenic foods. To stick to a diet is quite difficult.

This is because the allergen causing susceptibility have not been identified. From what specific products you have to refuse the patient, is not known.

The menu can be a doctor, having studied the history of the disease. In any case we can not allow the body has not received the right amount of nutrients and vitamins.

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The physician should select products that do not cause allergies and make the menu. The patient should keep a special diary in which to record food and drinks consumed throughout the day. This will help determine the cause of the condition.

Treatment drugs

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияTreatment drugs are based on reducing the susceptibility of the immune system, cleanse the body and therapy of the underlying pathology.

In non-allergic urticaria are prescribed the following medications:

  • antihistamines;
  • sorbents;
  • corticosteroids for topical use;
  • enzymes to improve digestion;
  • drugs from edema,anti-inflammatory, sedative.

Physiotherapy. Sometimes the methods prescribed physical therapy as auxiliary techniques.

According to statistics, more than 50% of patients with non-allergic urticaria relieved condition, if you follow certain rules that help them avoid aggravation.

The main task of the patient – the observance of all doctor’s advice and preventive measures that prevent the development of pathology.

How to help your child?

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияOften the rashes disappear on their own without treatment. Severe itching is a problem that cause the child discomfort. At the onset of symptoms of the disease need to:

  • smear the baby’s skin with burn cream, as it can be effective;
  • if not, you can apply a cold compress with a solution of vinegar;
  • the child is not used to brush out the bubbles need to trim his nails;
  • to check that the baby is not scratched;
  • dress your baby in clothes made of natural fabrics.

If rashes are accompanied by other manifestations such as angiotech, breathing disorders, nausea, tachycardia, urgent need to call an ambulance.

Treatment in children is performed by a doctor, a pediatrician. You can visit a dermatologist. The specialist will give direction to research that will help to determine the cause of urticaria.

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Most likely, the doctor will prescribe antihistamines to reduce itching and swelling. Also a very important role in the treatment of diseases is nutrition.

Proper diet

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияThe doctor will help you choose a diet. Usually offered to starve for a few days. Thus the patient should drink at least a liter and a half of water per day.

He performed a cleansing enema. After fasting menu the patient to gradually introduce foods. From the diet should be eliminated allergic foods.

People with this diagnosis must abandon fast food, spices, preservatives. It is advisable to go for homemade food.

How to diagnose the disease?

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияThe diagnosis is made when it is impossible to determine the true cause of the pathology.

If the allergen is discovered, in the case of idiopathic forms some substance activates a reaction in the skin, but is not the root cause.

The main factor which causes a disease considered to be autoimmune problems when the immune system susceptible to the cells of the body.

When you visit the doctor, assigned to study:

  • General analysis of blood;
  • a blood test for venereal disease;
  • urine;
  • parasitological examination.

If in the course of the studies the allergen is not detected, the technician directs the person to an additional examination by a gastroenterologist and other specialists.

At the same time revealed the underlying disease, which may be the cause of urticaria. The child non-allergic urticaria may indicate the presence of parasites in the body, or infection.

It is also important to make a differential diagnosis to rule out other diseases and confirm the diagnosis.

How to recognize a non-allergic form of hives?

Неаллергическая крапивница: причины появления и методы леченияThe symptoms of urticaria allergic and non-allergic nature similar. However, idiopathic urticaria symptoms on the skin do not take place in a month and a half.

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The disease progresses with the appearance of minor redness on the skin. The spots coalesce together and form Islands with small blisters, filled with liquid contents. These bubbles can be sized from a few millimeters to centimeters.

Urticaria is accompanied by severe itching, which is pronounced during the night. When a person is severely scratching the skin, the top layer is damaged and the inside penetrate pathogenic bacteria.

After the defeat of blisters of them begins to stand out the liquid contents. Through time at these sites occurs, the dry crust. The chronic form of disease, makes itself felt with exacerbations of the disease, the emergence of new bubbles, the old do not go.

A relapse can last from six weeks to six months.

Prevention of the disease

To prevent the aggravation of the disease, you should follow the simple rules:

  • to adhere to the principles of the diet;
  • to use hypoallergenic makeup;
  • visit the dentist regularly;
  • to strengthen the immune system;
  • to avoid contact with chemical detergents.

These simple activities will help you stay healthy. Good day, dear readers!

Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)