Recurrent urticaria: how to get rid of it?
Hello, dear readers. Rash, itching or swelling – familiar symptoms? According to statistics about 15 % of mankind suffer from skin diseases.
In today’s article we will tell you about recurrent urticaria, its symptoms and treatments. Unfortunately, this disease affects both adults and children.
What is recurrent urticaria?
Urticaria is a skin disease, resembling in its manifestations the ordinary allergies. There is often the manifestation of the blisters that resemble a burn from a nettle.
Why the disease is so named. These blisters come from a tiny accumulation of fluid that seeped from the blood vessels.
Doctors there are several types of urticaria:
- The acute, which appears suddenly and lasts less than 6 weeks (often from one day to two).
- Chronic or recurrent urticaria – is a disease that is very difficult to be treated and can have symptoms for a long period of life, or even life. As watch specialists, often susceptible to this manifestation of female.
In the international classification of diseases, the disease code, ICD-10 – hives. If you doubt that you have such a disease, you look at the photo below. They presented examples of the development of recurrent urticaria.
Why do I get this disease?
Often doctors can’t identify the causes of such skin reactions. The development of the disease contributes to the autoimmune problem.
Even after timely treatment, the rash may return. As a rule, the disease is caused by the following factors:
- The bites of parasites or insects;
- Due to the impact of painkillers;
- Private stressful situations;
- Because of the cold or heat;
- Due to sunlight;
- As a result of excessive alcohol or food additives.
Also the causes of the disease can become tumors, disruption of the liver, tooth decay, thyroid disease and stomach, adnexitis.
The manifestation of the disease
The first symptoms of recurrent urticaria — rash and blisters, that its size can reach up to 10 mm, and even more. Basically, the defeat falls on the chest, back, and limbs.
In this case, patient feels pain in the joints, itching, drowsiness, weakness, diarrhea. It is accompanied by fever (sometimes), loss of appetite, poor sleep. Also can appear edema Quincke – the local lesions of the skin, mucosa, and subcutaneous fat.
Often such a manifestation of the disease end up with complications, especially if the person ignored the treatment. There are cases of anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock) – severe allergic reaction involving the lungs and heart.
In this case the bronchi constricts, breathing gets hard, drops your blood pressure. Sometimes there are cases of fatal outcome, especially when the disease appears in children.
Their body is not able to fight off disease on their own, and in these cases, immediately call an ambulance.
People with a diagnosis of chronic urticaria are the risk of its degeneration in progressive, which could develop the following disorders of the immune system:
- Rheumatoid arthritis;
- Diabetes mellitus;
- Thyroid disease;
- Celiac disease;
- Sjogren’s Syndrome.
That the disease did not lead to these complications, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist.
Chronic urticaria in children
Usually such a disease is a consequence of the acute form if not properly treated.
Deteriorating General condition of the baby, itchy and there are cases of conversion to chronic dermatitis.
Causes of child eczema are disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, autoimmune and endocrine disease, liver disease, biliary tract, thrush, dysbiosis, viral infections, environmentally unclean the room.
In recurrent urticaria in children can appear in addition to the rash other symptoms: hoarseness, abdominal pain, fever, dry cough. Relapses may occur every three months.
How to treat?
This form of the disease unlike the acute form is subject to long and complicated treatment. First doctor familiar with medical history, examine the original disease that may have caused the illness and send the patient for tests.
An essential method of treatment are antihistamines. For the relief of symptoms apply the following medications: cetirizine, terfenadine, hydroxyzine, Fexofenadine. To eliminate itching Diphenhydramine is an excellent choice.
All of these drugs block H1 receptors in the tissues. In addition to the above medicines can add ranitidine or cimetidine that block H2 receptors. Combined all of these tools will lead to relief of symptoms.
You can also use various ointments and creams to ease the itching. Treatment selects only the doctor, depending on the characteristics of your body and the disease.
If all the above did not help or suddenly happened angioedema or anaphylactic shock, can be applied hormonal preparations (corticosteroids).
Today there is no panacea for recurrent urticaria. Research is ongoing, revealed new data about the disease, develop innovative drugs that have fewer side effects and greater efficiency.
Treatment of folk remedies
As a rule, for the relief of symptoms used decoctions of different herbs such as common cocklebur, celery, field dead-nettle, calendula and others.
You can make a decoction from herbs. Take equal proportions of a series, sage, yarrow, series, sage (5 tablespoons) and pour a liter of water.
It all boil on a water bath, then aged for another 40 minutes, filter and add to the bathroom. Take this curative bath takes at least 15 minutes each day.
If the hives are constantly manifested on your skin, you can make a poultice from raw potatoes, grated on a grater.
Sometimes, to alleviate or eliminate a disease, is sufficient to eliminate the allergen. For example, if the rash appeared due to heavy stress, overheating or hypothermia. In this case, you should exclude these factors and the disease will not bother you again.
Prevention of disease
First and foremost, abstain from alcoholic beverages, which provoke the aggravation of many diseases. In addition, the patient should be completely eliminate from your diet foods that cause allergic reactions: chocolate, citrus, salty, spicy dishes.
In addition to this, the need to monitor the condition of the nervous system and gastrointestinal tract.
Unfortunately, as mentioned above, this disease is very difficult to treat, however if you follow the steps of prevention, diet and make timely antihistamines, it is possible to significantly improve the General condition and eliminate the symptoms of urticaria.
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)