Shape of athlete’s foot: what are and how they are recognized?
Dear readers, Hello. The theme today is shape of athlete’s foot. After reading todays article you will be able to determine what kind of fungus you have and how it can be cured with the help of medications.
Warn that, despite the availability of medicines in pharmacies, before applying them should consult a doctor. Also only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis at the individual receiving.
The causes of the disease
Learn more about causes of fungal infection, its symptoms and signs I have already described in a separate article, so I will say briefly.
Most often, the disease is spread through contact with an infected person or object. This occurs usually in swimming pools, saunas, showers, fitness rooms, public beaches, in General, wherever there is a large concentration of people.
The fungus enters through cracks and abrasions of the skin. Also the cause of its appearance can be excessive sweating or, on the contrary, dryness of the dermis.
What are forms of fungus?
The symptoms of mycosis depends directly on its shape. Sometimes there are mild signs of fungus, but there are cases with more severe symptoms.
In any case, if you find the first suspicion of this disease should immediately consult a specialist.
So, there are several forms of mycosis:
Now consider each of the forms individually.
This form is considered the initial stage of mycosis. The clinical picture of the disease quite unremarkable. The patient may experience slight peeling, usually between the fingers (or one fold). Also there are slight scuffs and cracks on the feet.
People thinks it’s just dry skin, so any discomfort he doesn’t feel.
If you had a squamous stage, on the surface of the feet is a kind of hyperemia, and between the fingers there are small plate-like scales. You may experience minor itching, but no inflammation.
This is a more severe form of athlete’s foot. Patient concerned about the appearance of leichenfarbene flat plaques and papules, which have a bluish-reddish hue.
By the way, what color is the hallmark of this stage. Lesions mostly affect the foot arch.
When gipertroficescoy the form of athlete’s foot all the borders of the plaques clear, they are covered with gray-white scales, and in some places there is exfoliation of the epidermis.
If you look closely at the skin more closely, it can detect the appearance of small isolated bubbles.
Rash, as a rule, merge. In the end, forming large foci of infection, is gradually affecting the lateral surface of the foot and the entire sole.
In addition, the possible emergence of formations, similar to the calluses that have a yellowish color. They are covered with cracks, the skin becomes excessively dry, itching and moderate pain.
Usually, this form is similar to a diaper rash. Affects interdigital folds. The skin in this place becomes edematous and red.
Later, you may join moisture, whereby will be formed to erosion and cracks. It is also noted severe burning, itching.
At this stage there is a lot of bubbles with a thick tire. Their favorite place – the foot arch. If time does not begin treatment, they spread to the interdigital folds and the entire surface of the foot.
Over time, these bubbles will grow and merge into one big bubble. This will appear erosion red-pink color. All these symptoms are accompanied by redness and swelling.
After abatement of the inflammatory process in the primary site of the lesion will be visible three zones.
All this is very much to be itchy and burn.
This form of progression of foot fungus. It affects not only the foot but also the calf. The surface of these areas becomes edematous, hyperemic. It appear vesicles and vesicles with pus. If they reveal, then the body remain multiple erosions.
In this patient, there is a strong fever, General weakness, headache, lymphangitis, trouble while walking.
What happens to the nails?
The mycosis of nails also has several forms:
The most common is the distal form. If it is an infection of the nail from the skin. The further advanced the disease, the more damaged nail. The nail plate loses its transparency, becomes thick and yellow.
In the proximal form, the fungus gets inside of the nail. At its very root have yellow and white spots.
The detection of superficial mycosis of the nails on the entire surface of the nail plate are observed in spots.
After some time, if the fungus is not treated, it will grow into a totally dystrophic form when the nail is completely destroyed.
All of these forms of the fungus you can see on many photos.
How is the treatment?
So, how to treat athlete’s foot and nail?
The treatment takes place under the strict supervision of a doctor, especially if the form is launched. You cannot self-medicate, without prior approval of a specialist.
Therapy has several stages: preparatory and basic.
During the preparatory phase, eliminates the inflammation, especially if you have or intertriginous skin form. Also removed all the Horny layers (if you have been diagnosed gipertroficescoy form).
It is recommended to make lotions with boric acid, and warm foot baths with the decoction of herbs or potassium permanganate.
During these procedures, you should clean off the damaged epidermis, and then apply a special cream with corticosteroids and antibiotics. Ointment to use is forbidden!
Here is a list of allowed creams:
- Celestoderm In garamizinom.
After calming down inflammation of the foot bath is terminated. Need to start using ointments with active ingredients like creams.
Further fighting by the causative agent – the fungus. For this we use creams, ointments, and pills. All these medicines must be used together. All effective drugs are advised to read individual articles on our website.
Well, dear readers, I want to tell you that the fungus treatment will be lengthy, but should finish it to the end to prevent recurrence.
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The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)