Skin mites on the face: symptoms, how to avoid?
Parasitic skin mite invasive infection manifested on the face of redness, engorgement of the skin and formation of focal pustular rash. Is characterized by swelling and severe itching in the affected area, in the absence of proper treatment spread with lightning speed on a healthy surface, covering large areas of the dermis and merging into conglomerates. In medical practice, the disease is called «demodicosis».
The content of the article
Subcutaneous mites – small parasites, with a body length of not more than 0.4 mm. It is translucent and has oblong-oval form. The peak of its activity occurs at night, since these agents perceive a negative light.
Usually the tick is justified within the sebaceous gland or hair follicle. But active breeding colony grab the skin on the chin, forehead, nose, cheeks, neck. Located inside the skin, the tick begins to actively «eat» it moves occasionally coming to the surface. Patients may not appreciate the dangers of his fortune, as people rash that appears like a normal blackhead. Therefore, frequently turning the patient to the hospital – the skin condition is running so that requires a massive and prolonged medical treatment.
Causes of disease: how infection occurs
Infection of subcutaneous mite occurs through direct contact with its carrier. And by making use of another cosmetics or personal care products. But overall, this pathogen is a parasite on the skin of every second person and there is nothing pathological in this. Colonies of mites feed on sebaceous secretions and dead cells of the dermis. Under normal, not burdened with concomitant diseases condition of the skin, the tick is even necessary, because it helps to maintain the level of acidity on its surface and to cope with negative environmental impact.
But as soon as the human body will weaken and there will be favorable conditions for fast reproduction – mite will begin EN masse to form a new colony, and the waste of his life and is the reason for the formation of pustules, redness, and swelling. The pathogen begins to parasitize not only in the dermal layers, and it occupies the hair follicles, to the detriment of eyelashes and eyebrows.
Dermatologists distinguish several main reasons causing a sharp increase in the number of ticks:
Signs of the disease
Demodicosis has a clear and characteristic symptoms. In the face a tick immediately occupying the soft tissue of the chin and area around the lips. First, there are small patches of redness that looks like an allergic irritation. This symptom, patients often do not pay enough attention, so the disease progresses further.
In the next stage develop under the skin nodular formation, at least it looks like bumps. In 2-3 weeks they are localized above the surface of the skin and similar to normal pimples, blackheads and pustules.
Important: you need to pay attention to the location of inflammation elements, they form a perfectly straight line. It’s called progress, inside of which a skin mite moves through the tissues of the face.
But lesions of demodectic apply on the face is very uneven, with intolerable itching, especially during night sleep. If you scratch or crack at least one inflamed pimple, it will cause the distribution of the tick on the large surface of the skin and the appearance of new lesions, rash.
Another significant symptom is swelling in the area of the wings of the nose and nasolabial folds. This changes the hue of the skin, it reddens or becomes cyanotic. It is necessary to pay special attention and the detection of the first signs of demodicosis will turn immediately to the dermatologist. How does the subcutaneous mite, parasitic on the tissues of the face, you can see in the photo.
A presumptive diagnosis can be made on the basis of primary and surface examination of the skin. In the process, the dermatologist captures all the characteristic changes of its surface, said localization and intensity of the rash. It should be noted that demodectic mange is difficult to treat, since you first need to install and eliminate the cause of the defeat of mites.
The diagnosis to be confirmed and confirmed by microbiological studies of biomaterials with the surface of the skin. To do this, lesions of the rash is scraping, if there is a typical causative agent of demodicosis – prescribe the appropriate treatment. For laboratory analyses, is also suitable crust, flakes of skin, purulent contents of pustular formations.
Very important: to data analysis was reliable, a day before the swabs the patient should not wash my face and use cosmetics.
The treatment does not begin for another 10 days after the study, waiting while ticks will hit peak activity of reproduction. Then repeat the analysis and compare obtained data.
Before you start treatment demodectic, the patient should have a complete dermatological examination.
Important: it is absolutely impossible to self-medicate and try to pick up the drugs at random.
The disease, even under apparent progress, it is not so easy to determine by their appearance. To establish an accurate diagnosis, the patient is forced to hand over smears and scrapings from the skin. Only the results of microbiological studies a dermatologist can evaluate the patient’s condition and make a conclusion about the true cause of the rash and redness.
Treatment should be initiated as early as possible, otherwise the tick will capture not only the face but also on neck. But you need to be ready to get rid of the parasite in a short time fail to eliminate all the affected homes will need several months of regular therapy. And it must be comprehensive, combining tools for both external and oral use. The second category include antihistamines type «Suprastin» (manual), which is detrimental to the mites.
To the outer treatment includes ointments, sprays, creams and lotions, which are the main components of tar alcohol and sulfur. They needed to heal and eliminate the sores, pustules and tubercles inflamed not ripe. And to prevent the degeneration of tissue in scars.
Important: the treatment of demodicosis should be based on a comprehensive exposure to the pathogen, so the dermatologist will be the exact scheme oral and local treatment, indicating dose and frequency. To neglect it or to deviate from the requirements is impossible.
As folk remedies you can use the pharmacy alcohol tincture of calendula, a decoction of chamomile or cornflower. Prepared at the rate of one tablespoon of dry raw material per Cup of boiling water. No harm will be steamed on the skin decoction of chamomile and then do a light massage. But the traditional treatment is no substitute.
To prevent infection just to avoid the usage of foreign cosmetics and towels. Don’t wear things with «someone else’s shoulder», competently approach to their own diet, regularly to care for the skin.
To avoid infection it is easy enough, you need to try once again not to injure the skin, especially if she’s fat, not only in the T-zone. Enlarged pores are a direct threat of infectious penetration, therefore the seborrheic type of skin requires special attention to the daily care and cleansing. Every time after washing the face should be treated by antiseptic and lotion, tightens pores.
You should not choose a similar tool, focusing only on the opinion of friends, it is better to visit a dermato-cosmetic area, get tested and make sure that the doctor will prescribe the right medicine individually. Cosmetics sold in stores class of mass-market is not suitable for the care of problematic skin. Decent products that prevent the ingress of the pathogen inside the dermal layer is only sold in the pharmacy.
Excessive greasiness leads to the frequent use of some medicines. Demodicosis is not treated with antibiotics, but is often the result of uncontrolled ingestion, caused by disruptions of the intestinal microflora and covers the background of increasing colonies of Helicobacter pylori.
The most dangerous as demodicosis is its extreme infectivity, which suggests transmission of the pathogen from person to person. In very rare cases as a carrier are animals.
The path of infection of one pathogen, a parasite within the skin gets to the surface along with secretions of sebum. So, any close contact with an infected fraught with the transfer of the tick. Dermatologists do not recommend the use of common utensils and bath accessories. Sometimes people become latent carriers of the parasite, while not having any obvious signs of disease.