Sorbents for allergies: what exactly is prescribed for children and adults?
Hello, dear readers! For treating allergies, doctors almost always prescribe sorbents. Why are assigned sorbents for allergies? What are the most effective? What can be given to baby until one year of age? In this article you will be able to find the answers to all these questions.
What are sorbents?
Sarbinowski are substances that are able to sequester (absorb) the toxins in any form. In modern times there are several types of sorbents, characterized by the principle of absorption of toxins:
- absorbents converting absorbed substance in liquid or solid solution;
- adsorbents — absorb and eliminate toxins in its raw form;
- chemical absorbers — neutralize toxins, engaging with them in a certain chemical reaction.
In addition, these drugs can be: fibrous; granular.
Than sorbents will help allergies?
To answer this question, you need to initially understand the development of allergies. The allergen enters the body, triggers the secretion of immunoglobulin «E». Thus formed antibodies to the stimulus.
Gradually, the level of immunoglobulin in the blood increases, after which it reacts with the stimulus. During this reaction highlighted the antigens causing the destruction of fat cells.
Fat cells in the course of destruction release histamine, acetylcholine, serotonin. These substances enter the blood, captured by specific receptors, which appear the first signs of Allergy:
- rashes on the epidermis;
- rhinitis, etc.
Simply put, the above components of fat cells poison the body, informing it about the penetration into it of a foreign object-matter. This process in medicine is called «endotoxemia». To stop him, you need to bring substances-stimuli from the body.
This is what takes the sorbents. They should be used from the first days of development of allergic symptoms and to recover.
Indications for use of sorbent preparations for allergies
- dermatitis of varying complexity;
- hives and other rashes on the background of hypersensitivity;
- bronchial asthma;
- intoxication (sometimes with food allergies).
In addition, the sorbents are able to prevent the attack of hypersensitivity. Therefore it is recommended to drink to people living in areas with enough clean environment; working on «bad» companies; continuously contacting with a variety of potentially dangerous stimuli.
Now you know that the sorbent medications are used to cleanse the body. Are you curious about what medication can help Allergy sufferers? Then happy reading.
List of sorbents with anti-allergic effect
- Activated carbon;
To this day the best sorbent continue to consider Activated charcoal. It’s a simple drug, having side effects and specific contraindications. However, at the present time there are more safe its analogues, which can be give children to the old.
Sorbents for kids
For children till years it is better to use POLYSORB. Is a powdered drug that before use must be diluted with water. It can be used from six months old. The dosage is determined by the physician individually for babies with the features of his body.
And what sorbents are assigned to younger children, for example, two months? In this case, it is advisable to use Enterosgel. This drug not only removes malicious mikrovisata, and restores intestinal microflora.
And how to cure adult Allergy sufferers?
For the treatment of hypersensitivity in adults can be used different sorbents. Especially popular now enjoys the Smectite, as it is fast acting and easy to use product.
If you want to not only be cleansed but also to treat intestinal flora, it is better to give preference to Lactofiltrum.
How to be treated sarbinowski medicines from allergic attacks?
To the treatment was fast and successful, use sorbent medication in accordance with the following rules:
- the medicine should be consumed for a half to two hours before meals;
- for a couple of hours before and after the sorbent can not use other drugs because of their substance-components can also be absorbed by the sorbent, which will reduce their effectiveness;
- for every kilogram of weight an Allergy need to take 0,2-1 gram of the medication (for example, if we are talking about the angle, then assigned tablet per ten kilograms of body weight);
- treatment should not last less than one week.
Prevention of recurrent allergic attacks
To prevent the above preparations should be taken for 7-10 days a couple times a day.
Prophylactic course is conducted periodically — once a month, on average. Medicines should not be used constantly! After the sorbents require the body to restore the intestinal microflora.
If you suffer from seasonal allergies, make prevention exclusively in dangerous periods, for example, every spring and summer.
For children it is better to choose modern drugs released in recent years, as they are more safe and sparing attitude to the body.
Contraindications of such medications are almost there. However, in some cases, their drink is not safe. What? If there are serious abnormalities in the internal organs, namely:
- with erosive gastritis;
- when ulcers stomach and duodenal ulcers;
- in atony of the intestines;
- with constipation.
Really good sorbent should be chosen individually. To do this, consult your doctor and get tested which he will appoint. Knowing the state of your body, the doctor will choose the appropriate remedy.
That’s about it. I hope I have fully satisfied your curiosity. Share read on social networks with your friends and subscribe to this site, if you do not want to miss the new publication. All the best to you!
The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)