Sun Allergy: who is most likely to occur and how is it treated?
Hello, dear readers! Summer days are pleasant because you can go to the beach and sunbathe. This holiday like many people, but unfortunately, not everyone can afford it.
Not because the time or circumstances do not allow, but because some people are allergic to the sun. What is this ailment and how to fight it? This article will tell you about it.
Varieties of solar intolerance
Reaction after sun can be very diverse. Ordinary people because of not staying too long on the beach simply burn.
In this case the skin becomes inflamed, and acquires a characteristic red, itchy and it stings. But the allergies react to the UV rays worse. Sun intolerance can be divided to several kinds:
Fotochromatyczne — when the skin burn too fast. We all know that being in the sun from 11 to 16 hours is impossible, as in it fries the hardest.
In this embodiment of hypersensitivity to sharpen the focus, we will not, as it happens with healthy people, if they are too frequently tan.
Phototoxic — when the skin shows signs of sunburn, namely erythema, blisters, swelling. Often this reaction provokes medications or products with a high content of photosensitizers.
Photoallergic — a special type of hypersensitivity, which is dedicated to this article (photodermatitis, photodermatosis — names in medicine). The body of such allergies for some mysterious reason, rejects UV rays.
Simply put, the skin reacts to the sun as a powerful irritant. The main reason for such a reaction are immune disorders. How does a epidermis Allergy after sun you can see in the photo.
One can happen photoallergic reaction?
At risk are such people:
- emerging from a hormonal imbalance;
- with light from the nature of the dermis;
- the reaction can develop just the child with hypersensitive dermis;
- having a genetic predisposition to photodermatitis;
- abusing tanning salons and artificial tanning;
- often passing from treatment with salts of cadmium (such procedures include permanent makeup, peels).
How to recognize a photodermatosis?
Have physically a person is hypersensitive to the sun. So often photodermatosis appears in infants, in children after suffering serious illnesses, the elderly and constantly suffering from chronic illnesses.
It is easy to recognize because its symptoms little than can be confused. The most striking and characteristic signs appear on the skin:
- redness, rashes of different nature, severe itching and pain;
- servatory and roughness of the skin (often this is worse after the sun is observed on the face, hands, feet);
- crusts and scales on the skin that may bleed;
- urticaria or other rash vesicular;
- irritation in places that UV rays are not in contact.
Therapy against photodermatosis
What to do if there are signs of the above terrible allergic diseases? Of course, to fight with him. As a treat, you ask? This question will best answer the allergologist and dermatologist after visual inspection of the affected skin.
So be sure to consult a specialist in the detection of photodermatosis. By the way, ask a professional dermatologist with great experience you can on this website.
Treatment for photodermatitis is a long process and time consuming. To get rid of the problem will help:
Prevention of photodermatitis
If you know that susceptible to such a disease, please observe the following rules which will protect your skin from burns and irritation.
Before sun exposure do not spray on themselves perfume and other alcohol-containing means. Alcohol irritates the epidermis, which will exacerbate the burn, if it happens. Moreover, aging dermis is more susceptible to sunburn.
As often as possible use a protective cream with maximum SPF factor.
Not use waterproof makeup. It clog the pores, causing the skin can jump pustules and irritation.
Now you know the impact of the solar intolerance and how to fight it. If you liked the article, please do tell about what they read in the social. networks to your friends. In addition, you can subscribe to site updates not to miss new publications. All the best to you!
The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)