Suprastin in urticaria: recommendations for use
Hello, dear readers. Currently, among the many drugs against hives had a good performance Suprastin.
In today’s article we will describe the properties, contraindications, side effects, and also about the rules of using this medication.
What action has Suprastin skin?
Suprastin is an antihistamine that belongs to the first generation of drugs.
Its main pharmacological action is that it blocks the receptor cells that are sensitive to histamine.
Histamine, in turn, is a highly active biological compounds, emitted at the moment of cell damage by different allergens, and as we know, hives is a disease that is allergic in nature.
When cells accumulate a large amount of histamine, the person on the body is manifested rash, blisters, appears runny nose, cough, burning and itching, swelling, until swelling Kwinke with subsequent anaphylactic shock.
If you accept Suprastin in urticaria, then it will reduce all these symptoms, and unlike many other antihistamines will not have a strong sedative effect.
The advantages of this medication
Despite the fact that Her refers to the first generation antihistamine medicines, it still remains very popular and in demand. This is for a number of reasons:
- After receiving the tool, an antiallergic effect is achieved already after 30 minutes;
- Unlike other drugs of the 1st generation (e.g., Diphenhydramine) Suprastin does not have pronounced negative effects;
- If you compare the drug with other medications in the same direction, it is much cheaper which starts from 100 rubles.
- The medication has multiple contraindications;
- The medicine is produced in tablets and ampoules, which is much more convenient, especially when the need for immediate intervention (anaphylactic shock, angioedema).
Typically, the rash appears within a day after contact with the allergen. Take Suprastin it is better when you experience the first symptoms of the disease.
Drink it during meals or immediately after meals. The dosage for adults is 3 tablets per day.
For some reasons (only by prescription) daily dose may be increased to 6 tablets. In the prevention of allergies in adults, the drug is issued for 1 tablet.
Due to the fact that the presented but not produced specifically for children, it is accepted from 1 month of life, but only with the permission of a specialist.
The drug is abraded into a powder, is diluted in water (teaspoonful) and is given to the baby.
If the symptoms of urticaria appear in children up to 1 year, the dose of this equipment shall be ¼ tablet 2-3 times a day.
From one year to 6 years is accepted on 1/3 tablets, from 6 to 14 years, several times a day half a tablet. After 14 years, the dosage is the same as adults.
The course of medication
How much you should drink Suprastin in urticaria? In fact, the duration of treatment is determined individually, depending on the severity of symptoms, as well as sensitivity to the components of medicament.
As a rule, in the case of aggravation of the disease, therapy is 5-7 days. Note that Her can be addictive, therefore its efficiency will be reduced.
This medication cannot be taken in the presence of hypersensitivity to any component of the drug.
If a person suffers from acute attacks of bronchial asthma, the medicine also not. It may be given at the initial stage of asthma, but only in exceptional cases, when there is no possibility of applying other medicines.
The medicine is contraindicated for newborns, and no matter a full-term baby or not.
Caution should be taken when closed Suprastin glaucoma, in the presence of cardiovascular diseases, urinary retention, disorders in the kidneys or liver, prostate hyperplasia, elderly patients.
Receiving medication during pregnancy and lactation
To date any research on the safety of use of Suprastin during lactation and pregnancy have not been conducted. That is why receiving presents drugs is prohibited.
If for special reasons Suprastin was nevertheless appointed, then is the time to stop breastfeeding, to avoid side effects.
What are the side effects of the drug?
CNS fatigue possible, the development of drowsiness/flightiness, euphoric state, headaches. In addition, can disrupt heart rhythm, to develop tachycardia.
Gastrointestinal side characteristics are defined abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, reduced/increased appetite. In rare cases may develop agranulocytosis, leukopenia.
Important note! Because Suprastin may cause drowsiness, it should not be taken before driving.
Analogues Of Suprastin
If the patient has urticaria have hypersensitivity, your doctor may prescribe other medications, such as Tavegil, Emeril, Fenkarol.
This medicines 1 generation. It is also possible the reception of more modern drugs have the same effect, but less pronounced side effects and contraindications.
Reviews about this drug
Many patients with allergic reactions to the question of whether it helps Her to cope with the symptoms, respond only positively.
Negative reviews are more related to misuse, addiction, and frequent moves (up to 6 times per day), as well as the presence of sensitivity.
Suprastin very quickly struggling with all the symptoms of hives, including angioedema and anaphylactic shock. In acute reactions it is administered in injections with subsequent transition to the tablet form.
The particular positive point marked by the fact that medicine is allowed even for children from 1 month of life. However, it is worth doing only after consultation with a pediatrician or dermatologist. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)