The white patches in vitiligo: how to get rid of them?
Hello, dear friends. The white patches in vitiligo can appear on various parts of the body except the palms and soles. In Russia vitiligo have 2% of the population.
The first symptoms usually occur before the age of 30. What happens to the skin, why she lost and how to get rid of the visible white spots? The answers to these questions are in the article.
White spots — the main symptom of vitiligo
At the initial stage of development of vitiligo appear small white spots, slightly different in color from the rest of the skin. Why is this happening?
The reason is the malfunction of melanocytes — skin pigment cells that produce melanin. It is the melanin colors our skin and hair in certain shades. If it is no longer being produced, the skin discolored.
Spot at the initial stage may be slightly pinkish in places where the blood vessels. Gradually the size of skin defects is increasing. Discolored areas begin to merge, forming patterns on the body ill.
Vitiligo may attack different parts of the body. Often white spots appear:
- on the face;
- on his feet;
- on the upper extremities;
- on the chest.
Sometimes vitiligo develops in the roots of the hair on the scalp. Because of this, lost not only the skin but also the hair.
The types of depigmentation
At the present time there are two main types of vitiligo: segmental; nonsegmental.
There is still a total vitiligo in which the disease affects the entire body. Such clinical cases are extremely rare.
It is often called two-sided and generalized. In this form ill be a symmetrical discolored defects on the upper and lower extremities and forearms. This type of depigmentation is the most common. It affected 90% ill.
This form is characterized by the appearance of white defects on only one side of the body, for example, only on left or only on right extremities. Because of this segmental vitiligo often called localized or unilateral. Most of the ill were children under the age of adolescence.
Causes of depigmentation
It is considered that the nonsegmental white spot disease caused due to autoimmune disorders in which the immune system begins to attack cells and tissues of your body.
The immune system literally kills the melanocytes in the tissues of the body. The majority of patients had hyperthyroidism — thyroid disease, entailing hormonal disruptions and similar autoimmune abnormalities.
Segmental vitiligo often occurs after sunbathing (or rather after combustion) and after serious injuries of the skin.
It is believed that this form of the disease provoke neurotrophic disorders in which the nerve endings of the skin secrete mediators acting on melanocytes destructive.
There are still additional factors that increase the risk of vitiligo:
- skin cancer associated with the melanocytes, for example, melanoma;
- constant stress;
- the abrupt change of scenery.
The depigmentation can lead such stressful events, such as: pregnancy and childbirth; mechanical trauma — burns, bruises, violation of the integrity of the epidermis; contact with chemicals and carcinogens.
Now you know why there are white spots on the skin and as the disease develops. I wonder whether you might be cured from it or not?
The treatment of vitiligo: useless or useful progress?
Unfortunately, traditional medicine today can offer methods a complete solution to the problem.
Because of this ill are not in a hurry to go to the doctors. The question arises: is it reasonable to treat vitiligo?
It is advisable, that as modern techniques allow to significantly improve the skin’s appearance. How to remove white spots? For this you need to follow three rules:
- to adequately protect yourself from sunlight;
- to use makeup to disguise the white spots;
- apply local corticosteroids.
Discolored spots sensitive to sunlight, because they have no melanin, which, except for the coloring properties, protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation.
So ill recommended to always use sunblock creams and ointments. Now the range of such products allows you to choose the perfect tool for everyone.
Foundation agents in the form of creams and tanning will help to paint to disguise the white spots. To disguise spots on the face is quite normal Foundation.
Spots on the contact areas of the body, e.g. the hands, the better to camouflage with tanning or walnut juice, as well as other folk remedies.
Drugs-corticosteroids not originally intended for the treatment of vitiligo.
But in some cases the use of these drugs stops the spread of white spots and partially restores natural color.
Against depigmentation are appointed by the local corticosteroids in the form of ointments and creams. A dermatologist may recommend such treatment in certain cases:
- in nonsegmental vitiligo, if the disease struck fewer than 10% of the body;
- at the request of the patient, if he does not want to use sunscreen and creams;
- if white spots are on the face.
In foreign countries against vitiligo can offer surgery — transplant skin. Operation and restores the skin color the fastest. But unfortunately, to afford it, not everyone can.
Another effective method of home treatment — treatment of discolored skin to ultraviolet lights rays with a length of 311 nm. This treatment gives visible results after six months to a year.
The procedure can be combined with topical agents, which suppress the immune system of the skin, amplifying blood flow and detoxifying.
That’s about it. Hopefully, the article you found all the information which interested. If so, share this article with your friends and subscribe to site updates. Up to new meetings!
Author: Victoria Omelchenko (dermatologist)