Diet for sinusitis in adults and children: can you drink alcohol
How to eat when sinusitis?
Diet therapy, as a standalone reconstructive technique for inflammation of the maxillary sinuses are ineffective. It has a positive effect on the body in combination with medication and physiotherapy.
If you are interested in fast recovery, the formation of a strong immune system, we suggest to familiarize with the publication, which reveals the essence and the benefits of a diet with sinusitis in children and adults.
General description of ENT diseases
With the defeat of the inner lining of the maxillary sinus and bony walls of infectious and non-infectious agents develops inflammation – sinusitis.
Under the influence of adverse factors reduces the activity of the mucociliary apparatus, disturbed outflow of mucus, which creates favorable conditions for vital activity of pathogenic strains.
The appearance of pathology is preceded by viral respiratory infection, allergic reactions, polyps, violation of the integrity of bone, cartilage injury, congenital anatomical features of the structure of the nasopharynx.
To diagnose the disease in the competence of the audiologist on the basis of x-ray, rhinoscopy, sampling of biological material of flora. The acute phase of sinusitis respond well to action of pharmaceuticals.
In the absence of positive dynamics or chronic inflammation prescribe puncture, lavage of the paranasal sinuses antibacterial agents (method «Cuckoo», «Yamik-catheter»), laser therapy.
Refuse treatment danger of developing meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess, pneumonia, bronchitis, inflammation of the middle ear, which increases the risk of partial or total loss of hearing, vision, loss of motor function, death.
What and how to eat right?
Excessive intake of nutrients is accompanied by accumulation of fluid in the body, disruption of glucose metabolism, fatty infiltration of the liver.
At the same time, the lack of micro and macronutrients adversely affects the work of organs and systems. So, diet for sinusitis in adults and children needs to be tailored to meet the needs of the organism in nutrients, to optimize the action of compressor mechanisms to reduce the likelihood of intoxication syndrome, to speed up the process of regression.
For reference! Do not confuse diet with starvation. Due to the beneficial elements restored mucosa, it increases the stability of local immunity, the body mobilizes defenses that would be impossible in total abstinence from food.
Task patients with sinusitis to adhere to the high-energy diet. The daily number of calories varies from 2000 to 2500, when the physiological norm of carbohydrates to 400 g, 100 g fats, protein, 100-110 g, of which more than half are organic substances of animal origin.
In the majority of patients on the background of inflammation of the maxillary sinus increases the acidity. To normalize the production of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice is necessary to exclude from the daily diet of fatty soups and broths.
The emphasis we place on the alkaline diet (alkaline water, various greens). Of fluid, preferably green tea, kissel, compote from drying. Useful different varieties of cereals (oats, buckwheat, rice), dairy products (whole milk, yogurt, egg yolks). Among solid food — vegetables with a minimal amount of fiber (potatoes, carrots, cauliflower, spinach), fruit (citrus fruit in moderation).
Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects shown foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids: liver, cod, cod-liver oil. Fish of any variety needs to be boiled or steamed, otherwise the fried foods have no therapeutic value.
Salt say «NO»
Now more about the dangers of salt. Adult body in the natural heart, and renal system displays per day to 25 g. of white crystalline substance.
The remaining amount will be accumulated in the projection of soft tissues, as a result of disturbed balance between sodium and potassium, edema of the mucosa, worsening the flow of other vital components.
When inflammation of the upper respiratory tract it is necessary to create favorable conditions for the evacuation of excessive accumulation of sodium chloride, which is possible due to a salt-free diet, or by eating yogurt.
Tip! Natural salt contains horseradish, onions and garlic, radish. So if you can’t eat fresh food, make meals of the above products + lemon and Apple cider vinegar.
Fruits and vegetables: what to choose?
Food patients with the diagnosis of sinusitis should be rich in vitamin A, through which the regeneration of the nasal membranes. It contains the fruits of the following plants:
- tomato (vegetable concentrated storehouse of vitamins A, b, PP, K, mineral salts, glucose, fructose);
- pumpkin (part of melon culture in addition to vitamin And has a huge number of vitamins (b, C, E, PP), minerals (calcium, phosphorus, sodium, manganese, iron, potassium), beta-carotene);
- carrots (root vegetable contains a high concentration of volatile production, substances that reduce the activity of pathogenic microorganisms);
- garlic (the main component is allyl thiosulfinate prevents the development of stagnation of mucus in the projection of the paranasal sinuses);
- horseradish (has antibacterial properties, strengthens the immune system, essential oils exhibit mucolytic activity).
During treatment sinusitis body needs fresh fruit. Citrus is recommended to use in limited quantities. The vitamin C in the composition of the fruits relieves inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, but increases the level of concentration of acid in the gastric juice.
Tip! In the period of acute sinusitis when subfebrile figures exceed 38⁰С better than the raw fruit to replace for fruit and vegetable juices, prepared at home, diluted with water in equal proportions. As you feel better, gradually introduce solid vegetarian food.
It is better to choose bananas or pineapples, which due to the plant enzyme in the composition reduces inflammation.
What foods are prohibited?
These limitations are of particular value to the organism, rather, a person receives pleasure from the absorption of «useless food». From the daily diet to exclude the following edibles:
- fatty meats;
- confectionery with a high sugar content, honey;
- flour – pasta from white wheat, rice, bread, pastries;
- pickles and marinades;
- carbonated drinks, coffee;
Part of patients with sinusitis, notes the abundant production of thick mucus in nose after eating dairy products. This condition is associated with individual intolerance to milk sugar (lactose).
Side effects are manifested through the reduction of aeration of pneumatic cavities that predisposes to the development of chronic forms of inflammation of the maxillary sinus. Then you need a dairy-free diet.
Can I drink alcohol with sinusitis?
For the period of the disease it is advisable to limit intake of alcohol-containing beverages. They reduce the immune protection, dehydrate the mucous membranes of the nose, change the biological composition of the nozzle, increasing the concentration of mucin.
Thick mucus bad is transported to the outside, as a result, mucus accumulates in the projection of the sinuses, inflammation progresses. Similar action has and caffeine.
For reference! Drink plenty of fluids, green tea or herbal infusions. Their effect is equivalent to the sauna, the mucous membrane becomes saturated with moisture, normalizes outflow aconselho secret. Mineral water restores the water-salt metabolism, improves the body’s resistance, rationalizarea composition of lymph.
The key to an active recovery when sinusitis is plenty of warm drinks, balanced diet, avoiding harmful habits. Better if these recommendations become systematic. After receiving wholesome food, inflammation of the lack of micro and macronutrients, minerals contribute to enhanced protective properties of the body, improve functioning of organs and systems, normalizes overall health.