Difference of laryngitis from strep throat and tonsillitis

What differs from laryngitis pharyngitis

No matter how strong your immune system is and no matter what prevention measures you take, meeting with the inevitable viruses. And at least once a year the symptoms of cold yourself notes every person. Among the diseases of the throat leading laryngitis and pharyngitis, to distinguish them from each other and will be the subject of our article.

Laryngitis, its features and the clinical picture

Before to understand, than differs from laryngitis pharyngitis, consider the features of these two diseases and their clinical picture. Let’s start with laryngitis. This disease is an infectious inflammation of the larynx, exciting the vocal cords. Its main symptoms are the following:

  • Change voice – osiplosti, hoarseness, his absence;
  • Difficulty breathing due to severe swelling of the larynx;
  • Dryness and tickling in the throat;
  • The emergence of a barking cough;
  • General malaise and slight fever.

Cause laryngitis pathogens, mainly viruses and bacteria. So it is quite often a complication of SARS or the consequence of influenza, measles, scarlet fever or whooping cough. Often it develops due to overexertion of the vocal cords. He is exposed to teachers, singers, presenters and representatives of other professions, whose job is to talk a lot. Active use of the vocal cords during penetration of infection in the upper respiratory tract is from what appears laryngitis. Contributing to its development factors is unhealthy lifestyle, poor nutrition, low immunity, stress, Smoking, undertreated rhinitis.

How long laryngitis – will depend, primarily, on the behavior of the patient. For the duration of the treatment of this disease he shows a complete voice rest.

Pills from laryngitis and pharyngitis will be effective only if compliance with this condition. Otherwise, inflammation of the larynx can be prolonged and become chronic, with periodic inflammation and remissions.

Pharyngitis, and the clinical picture

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the larynx not all, but only of the mucous membrane. This disease is very easily diagnosed with normal face-to-face examination. The mucosa of the throat in the place of inflammatory lesions becomes hypermonogenic and swollen.

The culprits of this disease can become more than pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungal infection), and trauma or Allergy. In short, everything that is irritating to the mucous membrane of our throat.

Symptoms of acute pharyngitis following:

  • Sore throat;
  • Feeling of tickling or rawness;
  • The appearance of dry cough;
  • General malaise.

In chronic pharyngitis all of the above symptoms persist, but the overall clinical picture is mild. To them, moreover, will be joined by a permanent feeling of a lump in my throat and painful bouts of barking coughs.

The treatment of this disease is assigned depending on its causative agent identified. Antibiotics for laryngitis and pharyngitis will be effective only if the bacterial nature of their appearance. If the cause of their development has become another organism, then the patient is assigned a antiviral or antifungal treatment.

Among upper respiratory disease leads laryngitis, and the chronic form occurs as frequently as acute pathology. Timely treatment for medical assistance and adequate therapy is particularly relevant for patients work and life which is closely associated with the normal functioning of the vocal cords. What are the causes of illness, how to avoid the risk of the disease, and, most importantly, how to treat chronic laryngitis?

Causes of development of chronic form of laryngitis

Factors that could cause prolonged laryngitis include:

  • frequent viral respiratory infections, especially acute forms of laryngitis;
  • chronic diseases of a nasopharynx and the adjacent airway;
  • some somatic pathology, which primarily presents GERD;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • irrational use of antibiotics, giving the ability to «roam» the pathogenic bacteria;
  • heavy Smoking;
  • the abuse of alcohol;
  • diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
  • the failure of the digestive tract;
  • excessive strain on the vocal cords due to the type of activity;
  • strong temperature changes;
  • inhalation of chemicals and other irritants;
  • frequent presence in the dirty areas.

Untimely and incorrect treatment of acute laryngitis can also provoke the transformation of the disease into a chronic illness.

Symptoms of laryngitis

Key sign – a change in timbre of voice and a hoarse snoring noise, hoarse.

Among other signs of chronic laryngitis (photo placed in the gallery), you can highlight feelings:

  • a lump in my throat;
  • dryness;
  • burning;
  • sore;
  • foreign object.

The discomfort is accompanied by a persistent cough, ranging from easy regular coughing to painful attacks especially in the morning. In the period of exacerbation, which often coincides with the change of the warm season to the cold season, to these symptoms is added a low-grade fever, increased cough, accession of infection related respiratory tract and nasopharynx. Also characterized by fatigue, headaches and a feeling of weakness.

Classification

Experts identify three main types of chronic laryngitis:

  1. Catarrhal.
  2. Hypertrophic.
  3. Atrophic.

Chronic catarrhal laryngitis is characterized by a slight redness and a slight thickening of the mucous membranes, the mixing of the vocal folds is not complete, and mucus on the surface is missing or occurs in a small amount.

In chronic hypertrophic laryngitis along with the voice changes and other sensory symptoms is overgrowth of mucosal tissues (hyperplasia), to see which is possible only with a special diagnostic tool, laryngoscope. By increasing the growing cells formed tumors, covering only one portion of the larynx or the entire area of the shell.

Atrophic form is characterized by the thinning of tissues lining the larynx, with dry, covered with crusts, and sometimes viscous sputum. Visible and audible manifestation of this condition is reduced to the constant coughing, sore and scratchy throat. Intensive expectoration of dry crusts can come out in the form of lumps streaked with blood.

Perhaps the most dangerous hypertrophic, aka hyperplastic chronic laryngitis because of excessive tissue growth may lead to the formation of cancer cells and the degeneration of normal inflammation in the malignant process.

Diagnosis and treatment

To confirm chronic inflammation of the larynx sometimes a visual inspection with the laryngoscope or video-endoscopic equipment and medical history. As additional and clarifying research methods used microlaryngoscopy – the study of the mucous membranes by means of the microscope. If you suspect malignant tumors by means of puncture specialists take biological material for the biopsy.

Tactics eliminate the symptoms and treatment of chronic laryngitis depends on the form of the disease and the individual patient. Therapy provides a comprehensive selection of medicines in combination with physiotherapy methods which will exercise both General and local effects on the affected area and the body in General.

  1. Local treatment involves the delivery of liquid medicines or drugs in the form of gels and ointments to coat mucous membranes. In catarrhal and hypertrophic form of the disease resort to anti-inflammatory, astringent and softening compositions. In atrophic disease, drugs used, which have a moisturizing effect, help to thin mucus and softening of the crusts. Also in this form of laryngitis is shown the General course of iodine-containing medicines and restorative vitamins.
  2. Physical therapy primarily presents an inhalation of connecting the same drugs used for local effects. Along with inhalation therapy, apply methods that contribute to the normalization of blood circulation on the inflamed area, stimulating trophic and metabolic processes in the mucous tissues of the larynx.

Treatment of patients with severe hyperplastic laryngitis chronic forms is recommended in stages for best effect. Initial therapy aims to eliminate the primary inflammation, and then connect the methods conducive to the resumption of the normal functioning of the larynx.

In situations where conservative treatment with medication is ineffective or ineffectual, especially in the case of hypertrophic laryngitis, experts have resorted to surgery.

Regardless of the form of the disease, the final stage of treatment of chronic laryngitis is a course of vinopedia, including speech and vocal voice control, aimed at restoring the normal working of the ligaments.

Alternative therapy

In the list of popular ways you can find dozens of options for treating chronic forms of laryngitis, but none of them, in contrast to the official medicines have not received confirmation of efficacy and safety. Therefore, self-treatment, especially in the case of atrophic and hyperplastic type of the disease, it is unreasonable and extremely dangerous. In addition, the use of folk remedies can cause unwanted and quite severe allergic reactions will be loss of precious time. Namely, the speed of detection of the disease dramatically affects the outcome of therapy.

If you have a strong desire to treat chronic laryngitis folk remedies at home, you should use the recommendations which will reduce the potential risk unpleasant consequences:

  • do not use harsh chemicals and agents for indoor use;
  • at the slightest suspicion of Allergy from the venture should be abandoned;
  • before the use of drugs in combination with traditional methods it is necessary to carefully study the manual on the subject of categorical contraindications and possible side effects in case of combined use with other substances;
  • treatment of chronic laryngitis in children under 16 years of age and pregnant women through traditional medicine is unacceptable;
  • not to increase the dosage, concentration or frequency of taking drugs;
  • do not replace components in recipes according to their desire and confidence that «so much better»;
  • if no effect, the increased symptoms and deterioration of health to immediately consult a doctor, preferably taking with them previous «medicine».

Chronic laryngitis, as other inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract requires high-quality diagnosis and proper treatment plan. Otherwise, the consequences are unpredictable.

Distinctive features of laryngitis and pharyngitis

What is laryngitis and pharyngitis we have seen, we now turn to, what are their major differences.

So:

  1. The site of the damage. A distinctive feature of pharyngitis is that it affects only the mucous membrane of the larynx, while laryngitis the inflammatory process extends to the vocal cords.
  2. Symptoms. The main symptom of laryngitis is a problem with the voice from the light osiplosti to its absence. Pharyngitis patients complain of more pain in the throat.
  3. Cough. Laryngitis cough appears immediately, and when he pharyngitis develops on the background of pain, tickling and rawness in the throat, usually on the 3rd day after the onset of symptoms.
  4. The General flow. Pharyngitis is usually not so much in the disabled person, the temperature rises slightly and only in the first couple of days of its appearance. But in laryngitis, the temperature may rise up to high levels, sick the entire acute period of the disease spend in bed.
  5. Pathogen. Despite the fact that cause these two diseases can both viruses and bacteria, in medical practice most often diagnosed pharyngitis viral nature, while laryngitis no such statistics.
  6. Treatment. The same applies to the treatment of these two ailments. For the treatment of pharyngitis is a local cure and the intake of antiviral medications, but get rid of laryngitis without a powerful antibiotic treatment is rarely possible.
  7. The duration of the course. With timely start of treatment to completely get rid of strep turns during the week, but laryngitis all of the symptoms and only about the 10th day. How long any of these diseases depends on the characteristics of lesions and the proper behavior of the patient.

There are other diseases of the throat, which can develop alone or on the background of infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract. For example tonsillitis. It is also the first symptom is a sore throat. And the source of inflammation in this disease is focused on the tonsils. To provoke this disease can those same viruses and bacteria that we mentioned earlier. And they overtake a person during the period of low immunity.

If you know the basic signs of these diseases, it is possible to independently determine what illness you caught laryngitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis. The difference between them is obvious. But it’s better if it will make a qualified doctor that you want to apply at first symptoms or onset of pain in the throat. He also will prescribe effective treatments that can quickly you get rid of the unpleasant manifestations of any disease.

Basic principles of treatment of infectious diseases of the throat

As has been alluded to above, the treatment of any infectious disease of a throat is assigned after the identification of its causative agent:

  • Bacterial infection – antibiotics;
  • Pathogenic viruses – antiviral drugs;
  • Fungal infection – antifungal therapy.

How to treat pharyngitis, laryngitis, and tonsillitis in adults, tell the attending physician, which necessarily need to contact at the first sign of disease development. But only one medication treatment not limited. All infectious diseases of the throat need local symptomatic treatment that will quickly relieve their unpleasant symptoms and ease General condition of the patient. In these ailments shown:

  • Regular gargling;
  • Steam inhalation;
  • Voice rest;
  • Hot foot bath;
  • A hot compress;
  • Warm and drink plenty of liquids.

To perform all the above procedures can be used as drugs and traditional medicines. Namely soda, and salt, for the preparation of solutions for rinsing throat, the steam of boiled potatoes for inhalation, heated in a pan salt compresses, herbal teas as warming drinks.

Proper nutrition in diseases of the throat

Infectious diseases, including throat, overtake us in a period of low immunity. Quite often it happens in the offseason, when many people lack vitamins in the body. This happens due to the improper diet. After all the vitamin substances to us through the foods consumed. Therefore, in the treatment of laryngitis, pharyngitis, and similar ailments will need to review your diet and when eating to adhere to the following principles:

  • Food to take often, but in small portions;
  • To avoid eating too hard food crumbs which will scratch the inflamed mucosa of the throat;
  • Try and stick to the optimum temperature of food – food should not be neither too hot nor too cold;
  • To limit the consumption of salty, spicy and sour dishes.

Experts recommend in the treatment of infectious-inflammatory diseases of the throat to enrich your diet vegetable oils – sunflower, olive, sesame, linseed, soybean, etc. They will provide the mucosa of the power supply and prevent the spread of infection into the deeper respiratory system.

Antimicrobial action has a seaweed, onions and garlic, which, in the treatment of diseases of the throat, also can be used as often as possible.

A timely start of effective treatment under the supervision of a physician and proper nutrition will provide you a speedy recovery no matter what illness you caught.

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