Disease sinusitis: what it is and how dangerous
What is sinusitis?
The inflammatory process in the cavity of the paranasal sinuses is called sinusitis. Wondering what it is sinusitis, it is necessary to determine the mechanism of its occurrence. Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is due to infectious penetration into the cavity. In this pathological process patients feel a number of acute symptoms and signs that have much in the way of human life. The patient loses sleep and appetite, feels the incessant pain in the head and face, and nasal congestion and other symptoms. So if you are diagnosed with sinusitis, you should immediately proceed to its treatment.
The treatment of sinusitis requires complex treatment, which includes antibiotics, nasal sprays and drops, as well as physiotherapy. But to use all these drugs without prescription. Otherwise, the patient there is a real risk of more complex diseases, which are not always amenable to quick treatment. Sinusitis nose dangerous for the patient, so begin treatment as soon as possible.
The mechanism of development of sinusitis
Sinusitis is a complex pathological process that causes a number of symptoms. Sinusitis most often appears on the background of infectious lesions of the upper respiratory tract. In this course of the illness patients feel constant aching pain in the head, a feeling of pressure in the nose and other painful sensations which commonly increase tonight.
In addition to these symptoms, sinusitis is accompanied with a purulent or mucous secretions. Often when sinusitis patients tormented by the swelling of the mucous membranes and sputum, and respiratory failure and other signs.
To install further treatment is necessary to determine what this disease is sinusitis. It is necessary to represent its location. Sinusitis has several forms of manifestations, its nature and symptoms depend on the location.
The sinuses that will suffer with sinusitis, located in the bone of the skull. They connect with the nasal cavity. The main function of this cavity warm inhaled air and its processing.
In humans, four sinus:
- frontal or front;
- the maxillary or maxillary sinus;
- ethmoid sinus;
- the sphenoid sinus.
Depending on the localization of the disease, the patient may develop sinusitis, frontal sinusitis or etmoidit. But the first step in the formation of sinusitis in a patient inflamed nasal cavity. To form sinusitis may be due to several reasons. Most often the main precipitating factor for the appearance of this kind of disease becomes bacteria. These include Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas or Escherichia coli.
In addition, to trigger the onset of sinusitis can a variety of viruses and fungi, which, penetrating the mucous cavity, causing additional infektsionnaya. In this period of the disease the patient can not do without antibiotics.
Another factor in the appearance of the disease include lesions of the organism to various allergens. Allergic inflammation of the sinus mucosa cause acute symptoms, which are difficult to get rid of.
Often sinusitis occurs in people with the abnormal structure of nasal cavity. Such anomalies include a deviated septum, or congenital predisposition.
Symptoms of sinusitis
The symptoms of the disease are of a different character, but most often patients complain of the following symptoms:
- pain in the head or the temples and forehead;
- pain on palpation of the nose;
- different discharge from the nasal cavity;
- green or yellow snot;
- pain when tilting the head;
- partial or complete nasal obstruction, worse at night;
- loss of smell;
- strong pressure on the sinuses;
- pain in the jaw or teeth;
- the increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees;
- cough and frequent sneezing;
- tissue irritation of the throat;
- soreness in the throat.
In the presence of such symptoms it is important to seek medical help in the early days of the formation of sinusitis. In this case, the treatment will be much faster and you will avoid the risk of the chronic stage.
Complications of sinusitis
Sinusitis is inflammation of the threat, therefore, the defeat of the paranasal sinuses requires a special attention during the treatment. In case of untimely treatment or a wrong diagnosis of the patient, it may be some acute complications that can lead to serious consequences.
Remember that the sinuses are in close proximity to various organs. In case of inadequate therapy or if you ignore the inflammation, you have to wonder what threat a sinus infection.
Disease sinusitis has certain consequences that can be dangerous to human life.
Complications on the front side
Given the localization of inflammation, the disease can hurt the vital organs. With the progression of inflammation, a disease outbreak can spread to the soft tissue. In this disease primarily affects sockets that fit vnutrikletochnyi abscess.
In addition, such effects on the soft tissues can lead to violation of integrity of tissues, which causes thrombosis of the vein.
With this defeat of the body patients feel strong pain in the eyes and decreased vision. In addition, there is swelling and severe change in color of the skin around the eyes.
In the case of such a lesion, the patient requires antibiotic medicine and surgery, in which the drainage of the inflammatory focus. In the future, the patient is assigned to symptomatic treatment.
When the penetration of the inflammation into the internal cavity of the head is the infection of the meninges, the consequences of which are uncontrollable. Most often, when such a defeat occurs meningitis or encephalitis. These inflammations are characterized by a complex disease in which patients feel severe signs of inflammation and severe deterioration of health.
When moving infectious lesions of the paranasal sinuses in the cavity of the brain, patients feel a strong weakness, dizziness, a malfunction of vestibular apparatus, nausea and vomiting. Other signs of toxicity include loss of consciousness, dysfunction of the hearing aid, impaired olfaction and other symptoms.
In the untimely appeal to the medical center adverse effects. But with the rapid treatment of the disease is a chance for a cure.
In case of untimely treatment of disease, sinusitis can lead to blood poisoning. In this complication there is a risk of fatal outcome, as the spread of bacteria throughout the body is extremely dangerous.
In this case, need urgent hospitalization and antibiotic therapy. In the case of urgent action there is the chance for a favorable outcome.
Other complications of sinusitis of the nose include:
- the formation of polyps in the nasal cavity;
- education sore throat;
- inflammation of the bronchi;
- disease of throat;
- the development of inflammation in the trachea;
- the development of asthma;
- the defeat of the middle ear;
- acute otitis media;
- partial or complete hearing loss;
- damage to the nervous system;
- dysfunction of the circulatory system;
- the optic neuritis.
To avoid complications it is necessary to seek medical help.
Patients with chronic sinusitis suffer from reduced immune system. This disease often causes bronchitis and pneumonia. In addition, sinusitis can cause complications in the internal organs. In this case, it primarily affects the heart, kidneys and liver.
Often the effects of sinusitis is influenced by the General state of the patient, so you must monitor the immune system. With timely treatment of the disease, there are favorable chances of a quick cure. In case of improper treatment of sinusitis or inflammation is not cured until the end, there is a risk of transition of acute form of the disease into the chronic stage.
Treatment of sinusitis require medication therapy, antibacterial medications and various drops. They are able to reduce inflammation and destroy the source of infection. Failure to comply with all recommendations of the doctor the patient in a very short time, may develop conjunctivitis, otitis media or inflammation of asthma.