Diseases of the ear in adults: symptoms and treatment of ear diseases

What are the disease of the ears in adults?

Most people have ear disease are fairly common throughout life. Most inflammatory processes of hearing occur in mild or moderate form of severity. In advanced cases, the disease of the ears can lead to disastrous consequences. In the area of risk are those whose work is connected with increased noise level (builders, miners, musicians). Hereditary factor also can cause ear disease.

There are several major factors that provoke the disease of the organs of hearing (congenital, infectious, triggered as the result of injury). During the disease can be affected part of the organ of hearing. To trigger the development of disease capable of infectious diseases: influenza, measles, meningitis, diphtheria. High noise levels and hypothermia also can become the cause of the disease. In each case, diseases of the ear in adults may have different symptoms and treatment.

Varieties of diseases of the organs of hearing

Doctors divide the disease of the ears for a few major groups. The nature of the flow, the doctors distinguish two main categories of diseases associated with lesions of the auditory apparatus:

  • not inflammatory (otosclerosis, Meniere’s disease);
  • inflammation (otitis, atomikos, hearing loss, mastoiditis, facial palsy).

Inflammatory diseases of ears arise as a result of infectious or viral diseases. Not inflammatory diseases of the ear in adults are the result of hereditary factor after an injury or in the presence of other pathologies.

Depending on what part of the ear cavity was hurt, isolated disease:

  • outer ear;
  • medium;
  • internal.

Otitis externa

Otitis externa occurs in case of inflammation of the external auditory canal. In this case, in the ear cavity gets pus. The patient complains of pain in the ear cavity, which may increase when straining or pressure on the ear. In the mouth opening also appear painful.

In this form of otitis media possible itching and swelling of the ear.

Help. The disease can occur in people of all ages.

Treatment involves local therapy. The ear hole is inserted soaked in alcohol turunda, applied physiotherapy, put compresses given oral vitamins. In the presence of heat, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics.

Otitis media

Otitis media appears when inflammation in the middle section of the organ of hearing.

Infection during the cold gets from the nasopharynx via the Eustachian tube into the middle ear mucosa.

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In the process of the patient is concerned about shooting, or throbbing pain.

When the disease is in acute form, there is temperature about 38 degrees and above. Hearing loss and ringing in the ears is another sign of the presence of the disease.

Inflammation of the middle ear treated in hospital. Patient hospitalitynet, and after conducting a number of necessary procedures. Antibiotic therapy is most often in the form of injections.

To combat infection patient is prescribed such antibiotics: Amoxiclav, Ceftriaxone, Clindamycin. To remove the inflammation and get rid of the pain helps Diclofenac or Indomethacin.

Help. To remove pus from the ear, hold the incision of the tympanic membrane.

Internal otitis

Inner ear infection (labyrinthitis) caused by complications after acute or chronic otitis media. The cause of the disease is getting to the inner ear infection, after which there is an inflammatory process.

When labyrinthitis have these symptoms:

  • noise in the ear cavity;
  • vomiting;
  • nausea;
  • hearing loss;
  • dizziness.

Treatment internal otitis media involves hospitalization of the patient and compliance with bed rest. Therapy is held at least 10 days. The doctor prescribes antibiotics in large numbers to fight infection and dehydration therapy.

Attention! In severe cases, otitis media leads to hearing loss, so it is important to begin therapy in time.

Meniere’s Disease

Often the disease is accompanied by damage to only one ear. The patient has noise in ear and hearing loss, which over time can progress. Nausea and vomiting if it affects the inner ear may also be observed often enough.

The patient can receive systemic attacks of vertigo that last from a few hours to several days.

If the patient is in hospital, he prescribed ultrasound and cryotherapy. During attacks, the doctor sometimes prescribes the patient receiving powder siabro. Reflexology in the form of acupuncture, and moxibustion laseropuncture also quite effective in this case.

Otosclerosis

In the process of the disease is hearing loss, which gradually progresses. The patient has ringing in the ears, pain and dizziness. First, the hearing loss when otosclerosis manifested in one ear and then going deaf to the other. The process can take as months, or entire years.

Help. Is only surgical treatment of otosclerosis.

The doctor to improve hearing performs one of three operations:

  • stapedoplasty;
  • the fenestration of the labyrinth;
  • mobilization of the stapes.
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Atomikos

In the course of the disease on the walls of the outer ear appear to molds or yeasts. This phenomenon may be a harbinger of occurrence of suppurative otitis media.

Patient exhibits:

  • soreness;
  • itching;
  • inflammation on the skin;
  • purulent discharge gray-green, black or yellow color.

To the question «how to treat an ear infection in adults when atomikos?» correctly able to answer only a doctor-otolaryngologist. Local therapy in this case involves washing the external auditory meatus with boric acid (3%), antifungal drugs (such as Canesten and last time).

Neuritis

In this case there is a loss of the auditory nerve. The cause of facial palsy can become infectious diseases, lesions of the internal and middle ear, disease of the heart, blood vessels and kidneys. Often during illness there is noise in the ear cavity, which is different in frequency and intensity. Gradually deteriorating hearing.

Help. When neuritis can occur the deafness for a few hours or even days.

The main feature of the therapy is increased blood supply to the auditory nerve. Get rid of toxins help sweatshops and diuretics. Specialists also prescribe medicines that promote blood circulation, biostimulants, vitamins and decongestants.

Mastoiditis

Disease symptoms:

  • fever;
  • headache;
  • the formation of pus;
  • pain in the ear;
  • swelling;
  • redness.

Help. When pressing on the mastoid process appears painful sensations.

Ear inflammation in this case is treated with therapy aimed at improving the outflow of pus from the middle ear and the fight against purulent infection. If local therapy in the treatment of mastoiditis does not help, then surgery is performed. In this case, the doctor performs an autopsy of the mastoid process.

Preventive measures

In order to avoid inflammation in the organ of hearing, you must follow a few basic rules. Doctors recommend, in a timely manner to treat infectious diseases, not to run the disease, health-related pharynx, paranasal sinuses and nose.

Observing the hygiene of your ears and personal hygiene, it also becomes easier to prevent negative consequences.

Otolaryngologists advise you to pay attention to the following recommendations that will help to avoid diseases of the ear:

  1. Those people whose work is connected with increased volume, you must use earplugs or wear headphones.
  2. In wet and cold weather do not forget to wear a hat, scarf or hood.
  3. In order to prevent the formation of cerumen and do not damage the ear canal, it is necessary carefully to clean the ears. The use of matches, paper clips, cotton swabs merely condense sulfuric stopper and complicates the process of self-cleaning of the ear.
  4. With regular doctor visits and examinations of the ear cavity is easy to avoid pathologies. During the consultation the doctor can identify possible illnesses and to prescribe treatment that will help at first to get rid of the disease.
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To self-medicate in the presence of diseases of the organs of hearing is dangerous to health. Any medications and also treatment folk remedies, require the approval of a specialist. If the patient feels any discomfort in the ear cavity, it is necessary to consult a specialist to make an accurate diagnosis. Self-treatment can lead to complications, and hearing loss.

In order to know how to treat a middle ear infection adult, you need to consult a specialist. In each individual case, therapy will be different. Additionally be checked by a specialist is necessary for those who have a large hereditary factor in the development of ear diseases.

Diagnosis in the chair by the otolaryngologist and submission of all required analyses will help to identify the possibility of manifestations of pathologies. It must be remembered that diseases of the organs of hearing, treatment in each case will be different. Based on the nature of disease (inflammatory or non-inflammatory), doctor’s recommendation and treatment will be different.