Diseases of the external ear: the ways of combating ear diseases and their types
What are diseases of external ear?
The human ear is divided into three sections which include the outer, middle and inner part. Every day hearing fights infections and viruses, which can cause different and not always beneficial consequences. It is therefore very important to protect the ear from various harmful bacteria and also time to carry out cleaning of the ear from excess sulfur, dirt and dust.
To notice signs of inflammation can be due to symptoms. Patients often feel pain in palpation, as well as hearing loss, feeling of stuffiness and other symptoms. The ear can become inflamed at any time regardless of age and rhythm of life. At this time, it is important to note the first symptoms and treat specific problems. In the case of diseases of the external ear it is important to know that inflammation can cause serious complications, and what to look at next.
About the device on the ear
It is known that the human ear has a unique structure, the exterior of which is required for capture and transmission of sound waves and noise.
The external part of the ear consists of auricle, external auditory canal, which connects to the middle ear and also other components.
In the area of the ear includes the cartilaginous tissue, which produces sulfur. She needed to protect and moisturize the ear canal from bacteria and viruses. In addition, sulfur acts as a natural barrier against dirt, dust and prevents their penetration into the area of the eardrum.
The auricle is characterized by its soft and elastic structure, so that the human ear easily picks up sounds of different frequencies. Moreover, the whole shell is covered with folds of tissue and fat layers of which the ear is well protected from injuries, scratches, and damage to the cartilage.
In addition to the ear, anatomy of the outer ear are the curl and protivotumanok and tragus and proteomelab. The soft part, which ends with the outer ear, is called a lobe.
The main task of the external ear is the reception of sounds from the lowest to the highest frequencies and transmission further along the auditory canal to the drum area and the auditory ossicles.
Due to its rather complicated structure, the ear distinguishes sound waves at a very close and in the far distance. It is known that to catch the frequency at a distance of thirty five meters.
Despite the complexity of the structure, the outer ear is exposed to many diseases. The main diseases of external ear otitis external parts or atomikos. Other diseases of external ear and their treatment will be discussed below.
Diseases of the outer part of the ear
Most often among diseases of the external parts found in otitis media. This disease is manifested due to weak immune system, as well as after influenza or a cold. Regardless of the factors of its occurrence, inflammation is considered to be quite dangerous and difficult, and therefore requires special treatment.
Most often, otitis externa is common in young children but can also occur in adulthood.
It is characterized by severe pain that can be shooting, and acute and sharp.
In otitis externa you may notice the following symptoms:
- the increase in body temperature;
- itching and burning in the outer part;
- severe pain on palpation;
- inflammation of the tragus and lobe;
- mucous or purulent discharge;
- the formation of lumps and growths.
When not treated or when complications of inflammation, it may go further — purulent discharge can begin to accumulate in the region of the tympanic membrane and over time spread to the inner ear, and then go to the brain. These processes can cause meningitis, brain abscess and death.
Among the causes of inflammation of otitis media first line of statistics is the inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx as well:
- mechanical damage to the ear;
- trauma ear sticks;
- violation of hygiene;
- the formation of adenoids;
- the formation of cerumen.
If you notice these signs and symptoms seek the advice of a specialist and guide the diagnosis.
To determine the source of inflammation and to identify the form of inflammation is possible in the process of medical examination.
In some cases, the doctor prescribes additional examinations, which include CT scan, audiometry, and other types of research.
After diagnosing the doctor-the otolaryngologist prescribes an individual course of treatment which includes the use of:
- Antibiotics – Otofa, Normaks, Sofradeks, Flemoksin Soljutab.
- Antiseptics – Miramistin, Candide, Pimafucin.
- Ear drops — Drops, Otinum, Otizol.
In the process of therapies necessary to reduce temperature and swelling. In addition, assigned pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications. With a strong shooting pain to the patient prescribe the use of lotions and the introduction of alcohol solutions.
Do not use medicines without a doctor. Otherwise the possible complications of inflammation and the formation of the acute form of the disease.
In some cases, the inflammation in the outer ear can be caused no disease in the ear organ, and disease of the sinuses. Sinusitis or inflammation of the mucous membranes causes runny nose, pain in the head and ears, education unusual sounds, squeaks, noises. This inflammation can cause inflammation of the outer ear infections and other dangerous complications.
For diagnosing this form of inflammation, need to undergo x-rays of the brain, magnetic resonance tomography and other types of surveys, which will prescribe your doctor.
In addition, it is important to determine the cause of the disease and find symptoms.
Causes of inflammation:
- a cold or the flu;
- seasonal allergies;
- education of asthma;
- the presence of the fungus.
Other common causes include dirty air, no wet cleaning in the living room, addictions, including alcohol and Smoking tobacco, as well as pathological structure of the ear or on the nose.
For the treatment of this inflammation are assigned:
- Nose drops containing oils – Pinosol, Sinuforte.
- Antibiotics are necessary in the formation of inflammation due to lesions of the mucous membranes of the microbes. In this case, it is assigned Amoxilav, Amixed, Fusafungine.
- Painkillers from the group of non-steroidal medicines.
- If the inflammation is caused by allergies, the patient can not do without At all or Loratadine and Rhinopront.
- For the destruction of the inflammation are prescribed — Dioxidine, Miramistin, Furacillin.
- To avoid otitis media of the outer part should daily rinse solutions, and Throat, the Dolphin.
During the course of treatment should be weekly to consult with your doctor. This will help to change the course of treatment with the ineffectiveness of drugs.
Common cause of inflammation of the outer part of the ear becomes fungal inflammation. Atomikos most often affects the outer ear, but there are cases of localization of the fungus in the inner walls of the ear.
Inflammation are formed rapidly and unexpectedly, and the first symptom of the disease – itching and severe burning sensation in the organ of hearing.
Then there is discharge from the auditory tube, and the outer part of the ear much it swells and increases in size. The skin at this time becomes dry and covered with growths.
The cause of the inflammation lies in the fungus, which penetrates the ear with a weak immune system. To the rest of the reasons include:
- poor metabolism;
- damage to the integrity of the skin;
- swimming in polluted areas in summer;
- long-term use of drugs.
To treat the patient the necessary local preparations, which include:
- Flushing With Miramistina.
- Systemic drugs –Nystatin, levorin, Milgaten, the last time.
- Kistanova ointment.
There are several types of cure from a fungus of the ears, but they are assigned only to the attending physician because in each case, the course of treatment is individual. Unfortunately, immediately after recovery can be a relapse of inflammation, so after treatment it is necessary to carefully monitor the hygiene of the ear and if possible, to be screened one week after completion of therapy.
Among the most common lesions of the external ear is considered to be trauma, mechanical damage, barotrauma, eczema, boils and other inflammations.
These inflammation are not inflammatory diseases of the external ear, but leaving them unattended is not advisable.
They can become inflamed and spread to the middle or inner ear, therefore, when external injuries treat wounds Miramistin or Chlorhexidine.
Ensure that in the affected area has not got a virus or infection.
Spend therapy cure until the skin recovers. Otherwise, the inflammation can not only lead to otitis, but also to deprive the patient of the ability to hear.
Acute inflammatory diseases of the outer ear should be treated under strict medical supervision. In the opposite case or when not treated, the patient can lose hearing or provoke the emergence of chronic. Therefore, when the first symptoms refer to ENT doctor, and also engaged in the prevention and try to temper the body.
In this case, you will not be afraid of seasonal or other inflammatory processes.