Drops in the nose from sinusitis in adults antibiotic and vasoconstrictor
What drops in the nose in the sinus?
What should guide the choice of drugs for the treatment of inflammation of the nasal mucosa – cost or efficiency? The complexity of choice lies in the fact that the pharmaceutical range includes nasal drops different spectrum of action. Some of them facilitate well-being, while others act directly on the cause of the pathology.
What to drip into the nose in sinusitis is determined by the audiologist based on the results of the survey of patient history. It is important to create a therapeutic scheme, otherwise, the disease provokes inflammation of the soft membranes of the brain and spinal cord, abscess of the orbit, middle ear disease, sepsis.
The clinical picture of sinusitis
Maxillary sinus one of the largest pneumatic cavities, inflammation which is interpreted as sinusitis. Catalysts pathology are infectious agents, acute respiratory-viral diseases, rarer antigens.
In response to the activation of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms mucosa responds by increasing the volume of epithelium, congestion and oedema of the nose. Channels of communication with the environment are plugged, the sinuses cease to be cleansed in a natural way that is favorable microflora for the propagation of viruses and bacteria.
Green for parasitism of S. aureus yields a weakened immune protection, hypothermia, anatomic changes in the nasal cavity, the localization of benign tumors (polyps, adenoids).
Inflammation of the sinuses expresses itself through the abundant production of myconazole secret with impurities of exudate. Snot yellow or brown malachite color indicates a bacterial form of rhinitis.
The disease is accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the neck, the nape of the neck, when you tilt the pain gives to the whisky and nose, reduced olfaction, increased body temperature.
For reference! Confirm the defeat of the maxillary sinus is possible with the help of functional diagnostics: radiographs, MRI, CT, biopsy, ultrasound, Cytology, blood analysis, bacteriological sowing.
The recommended list
The advantage of the local preparations for the relief of inflammatory processes in the maxillary pneumatic cavities is local action on the affected area.
To enhance the therapeutic effect of the medication before irrigation inner sheath primarily to clear the sinuses from accumulated mucus, crusts. With this purpose used a saline solution prepared at home.
500 ml. of room temperature water add a teaspoon of salt. The output gives a liquid smooth consistency. With the help of special cylinders, a Turkey Baster or syringe to rinse each nostril alternately. The procedure is recommended to be repeated with magnification up to 4 times.
For hygienic manipulation you can use drugstore products. The recommended list includes drugs based on isotonic sea water with impurities useful minerals potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, bromine, nitrogen.
This «Akvamaris», «No-Sol», «Marimer», «Humer», «Kviks», «Saline», «Rinrin». The medication is aimed at the normalization of water-salt balance, formation of local immunity, moisturizing and active regeneration of soft tissues, restore natural breathing, relieve swelling and nasal congestion.
Vasoconstrictor nose drops
The restoration of mucosa of the maxillary sinus begins with the reduction of blood flow in the veins, contraction in the volume of capillaries, the normalization of the natural breathing through the nose.
Drugs of the first line is represented by the following list:
- «Rinofluimutsil». Medicinal solution produces mucolytic, decongestant and vasoconstrictor effect with the defeat of the upper respiratory tract. The action of acetylcysteine is aimed at dilution of the serous discharge, block chemotaxis of leukocytes, and tuaminogeptana sulfate, to reduce swelling. The drug has antioxidant activity, eliminates the symptoms of the inflammatory process;
- «Naphazoline.» Under the action of the main component of naphazoline nitrate occurs peripheral constriction of blood vessels. When local use of the effectiveness of the drug solution is manifested by extension of the output channels of the paranasal sinuses, lymph drainage, relief of nasal breathing. Patients in severe arteriosklerose, tachycardia, arterial hypertension are recommended to limit the contact with the pharmaceutical product;
- «Tizin-Ksilo». Sympathomimetic for topical use based on a derivative of imidazole – Xylometazoline hydrochloride. Drug effect develops in 5-10 minutes. The patient restores the drainage function, the swelling is reduced. If you haphazardly use possible violations of the Central nervous system, high blood pressure, headaches, fatigue.
To effective analogues of vasoconstrictive drugs include «Linestop», «Otrivin», «Often», «Midimax».
For reference! Widespread in ENT practice are mineral and herbal complex for mechanical cleansing of the nasal cavities – the Dolphin.
Prolonged use of decongestants provokes the weakening effect of the medicines on the background of the development of medical rhinitis. Therapeutic course is limited to 3-5 days, in severe cases, it increases to 7-10 days.
Nose drops with an antibiotic if sinusitis
Antibacterial drugs designed to restore the maxillary sinuses are infected with bacteria and viruses.
The major components show local activity, by inhibiting the synthesis of pathogenic microorganisms that treat inflammation. Especially effective when sinusitis has:
- «Izofra». The base material is represented by framizetina, which provides bacteriostatic activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Used in complex therapy of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract for the prevention of bacterial infection after surgery. Is characterized by low systemic absorption. Adults appoint course to 10 days 1 spray into each nostril 3-4 times a day;
- «Polideksa». A wide range of actions provides a combination of neomycin, polymyxin, dexamethasone. Drugs, the product is not absorbed into the bloodstream, it does not exhibit systemic effects. Effective in acute forms of rhinitis and sinusitis, infectious pathologies of the upper respiratory tract. Unacceptable simultaneous reception with non-selective MAO inhibitors, nasal alpha-sympathomimetics. For 5-10 days to irrigate each nostril 3-4 hours;
- «Bioparox». Antibiotic for topical application with an anti-inflammatory effect is a metered-dose aerosol for inhalation. Predominantly ingredient fusafungine, which shows activity to pathogenic strains of anaerobic organisms. The preparation has a bacteriostatic action through the lowering of ATP synthesis. The active components are not found in blood plasma. Side effects pronounced local signs: redness of skin, sneezing, dryness, nose/throat.
A backup group is formed at least a good and cheap drops with an antibiotic: «Azithromycin», «Macroben», «Setrole», «Ceftriaxone», «Gentamicin».
Anti-allergic nasal drops in sinusitis in adults are used to relieve inflammation of the maxillary sinus as a result of interaction with antigens. The principle of action of medicinal products is based on blocking N N and histamine receptors.
Eye drops have an antiseptic effect, carry out prevention of bronchospasm and reduce itching. Soothe mucosa, to reduce the quantity produced of the secret is possible with «Fenistil», «Allergodil», «Bromhexine», «Triofan».
Therapeutic course varies from 5 to 10 days with a daily regimen of drops up to 4 times.
Nuance! To remove swelling in the sinus allergic etiology will help «Dizinleri».
Widespread in ENT practice received a combined product Vibrocil. The drug provides anti-allergic and vasoconstrictive effect.
The use of the medicinal solution activates the ciliated epithelium, promotes active regeneration of the mucosa, clears nasal passages, normalizes the natural breath. The drug is used to treat sinusitis different etiology.
The presence in the composition of plant components provides antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. When exposed to the mucous active ingredients stimulates the growth of connective tissue at the sites of inflammation.
Antimicrobial activity is shown by volatile oil of eucalyptus, peppermint, pine, thymol. Its effectiveness in otolaryngology proved «Cold» and «Glycine». The use of pharmaceutical products promotes hydration of the mucosa, reduction of edema.
The duration of treatment and dosage determined by the doctor, the average daily reception frequency is limited to 3 single doses.
Drug solution includes several components that interact and have a therapeutic effect on the mucosa. They are selected individually, are made in the prescription Department prescription.
They can also cook by yourself at home. The pharmaceutical product can include the following medications:
- drops antibiotic;
Indications for use are the severe forms of the lesion maxillary sinuses. The principle of operation is aimed at comprehensive impact. The main disadvantage is the lack of medical studies that indicate side effects.
Important! Sinusitis is manifested consequences of pathological processes in the hard tissues of the teeth, poor surgical operation on extraction of the tooth.
Effective drops from sinusitis characterized by a wide range of actions that simultaneously inhibit several links of the pathological process. The effectiveness of the preparation is determined physiological characteristics, course of the disease.
Nasal drops that accelerated the healing process in the treatment of one group of patients had no positive dynamics in the clinical picture of other.
If no contraindications, for the relief of inflammation of the maxillary sinuses is prescribed a vasoconstrictor «Nazivin», «Rinofluimutsil», the integrated product Vibrocil.
With the bacterial form of disease, cope with drops antibiotic «Izofra», «Polideksa».
Restoration of the maxillary pneumatic cavities requires a comprehensive approach. In the therapy of sinusitis it is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations strictly adhere to the dosage and course of treatment.
What nasal drops in the nose in the sinus otolaryngologist determines after examination of the patient. A variety of pharmaceutical range allows you to choose a gentle but effective drugs of different price range.