Dry pleurisy: symptoms and treatment, unlike exudative pleurisy
What is a dry pleurisy, how to recognize it and cure?
Inflammation of pleural sheets, accompanied by the effusion of the membrane that covers the lungs and wall of the chest cavity is called pleurisy. In the process of inflammation of the sheets noticed an accumulation of fluid. In addition, there is a change in the pleura. The disease acts as a pathological condition and never formed as a separate disease.
Among the side effects notice the occurrence of the disease in the lungs and the thoracic wall. The disease is provoked against other diseases, but does not affect the tissue adjacent to the shell of the disease.Despite the fact that the disease is secondary it is urgent to treat the affected system is the lung.
About the disease
Pleurisy is an inflammation in the lungs. In the course of the disease it covers the connective tissue, the whole of the respiratory organ and the inner surface of the chest.
Inflammation of the lining of the lungs accompanied by the appearance of plaque in medical terms is considered a secondary disease. That is, its appearance is triggered by a number of other diseases.
In some cases the pleurisy acts as a separate disease. However, most often inflammation of the lining caused by chronic or acute processes in the lung.
Pleurisy is of several types:
It is worth noting that this disease has no age limit and hit it maybe as babies, and people in old age.
Pay attention to your health, if you recently had cancer, a disease caused by germs Bacillus and a disease of the joints and muscles with the defeat of the cardiovascular system.
The above diseases provoke the onset of pleurisy.
Symptoms of inflammation
Note the sharp and unpleasant pain in the chest is the main symptom of dry pleurisy. In addition, note the following symptoms of dry pleurisy:
- sharp pain in chest when coughing;
- heavy breathing in which deep breath causes a lot of discomfort;
- when viewed from the outside the impression that one side is not moving evenly another;
- heavy sweating;
- fever and chills;
- dry and long-lasting cough;
- increased body temperature;
- a slight loss in weight.
If you notice these symptoms, get yourself checked from a qualified physician. After examining the patient and conducting a diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Inspection often occurs in three stages. First you need to pass the examination and x-rays. Next, you need to take a blood test.
The final step will be a microbiological study.
The causes of pleurisy
Often dry pleurisy is provoked by other diseases and is a secondary disease. In this disease the fluid is absent, but on its surface is formed aglobular protein. In form it resembles a smooth fiber.
Causes of dry pleurisy are various. Throughout disease between the pleural layers is formed of a liquid. In very advanced cases, may form and accumulate pus and blood.
There are two types of education diseases:
- The inflammatory.
In infectious causes included the infiltration of such viruses like Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, notice the following signs:
- the incidence of fungi;
- venereal disease;
- infectious disease from the group of anthroponoses with fecal-oral mechanism of transmission;
- zooantroponoznyh infection with natural focality;
- damage to the lungs and bones and joints virus of Koch;
- trauma to the chest;
- the consequences of surgical interventions.
Among the causes of non-infectious pleurisy note a malignant tumor as well:
- breast cancer;
- lung cancer;
- inflammation and destruction of blood vessel walls;
- thickening and induration of the skin and connective tissue;
- pulmonary embolism.
In the group of non-infectious pleuritis also includes features such as high stress and frequent fatigue, constant presence near drafts, poor nutrition and lack of exercise person.
Commonly, the disease can last from two weeks to six months. The duration depends on the classification. They are divided into three types:
- Acute illness lasts from two to four weeks.
- Subacute from one to four months.
- A chronic disease lasts commonly not more than six months.
How infections enter the body triggered by the way of life of the patient. They can penetrate through the blood or lymph, and when severe wounds and injuries.
In rare cases, the disease can enter the body during surgery.
Treatment of dry pleurisy
Once you have identified the reasons and have been diagnosis of the disease, you will prescribe a comprehensive treatment of dry pleurisy. You first need to get rid of the main causes of the disease.
Depending on the type of disease will determine what treatment is necessary: or outpatient therapy will be held in a medical facility.
At home is allowed to treat only a dry pleurisy. In this type of disease prescribers to get rid of the underlying cause of the disease.
In the list of medicines includes analgesic medicines, such as «caution» or «Tramadol».
After that, prescribed a course cough – «Codelac» or «Libeksin».
Effective treatment is considered warming lotions. Commonly they are put through alcoholic tinctures, iodine or mustard plasters.
Treatment of exudative pleurisy
The inflammatory process in the lungs is called exudative pleural effusion. As a rule, this complication developed a dry form of the disease. An important issue is how to treat dry pleurisy?
In this case, the treatment is focused on combination effects and complex direction. It includes how to medication, topical treatment.
You first need to improve blood circulation in the lungs of the patient. For this purpose, the health worker should carry out breast massage.
You should ensure that the patient is periodically changed static position and rotate it from one side to the other and conduct a tapping manipulation on her chest.
In addition, assigned to various treatment drugs.
Prescribed a course of anti-retroviral drugs to improve the condition of the patient. It includes «Clindamycin» and «Cephalosporin». In addition, the patient is intravenously introduced specialized proteins to improve metabolism.
For dry and exudative forms prescribed immunoglobulins. It is necessary to improve the immune system.Local treatment involves the debridement of the pleural cavity.
Prediction and prevention
Often the appearance of dry pleurisy, the patient is obliged to tuberculosis. So the patient is mandatory to appoint clinical supervision.
Due to the occurrence of the disease, treatment and prognosis of the disease. Often this kind of goes into exudative pleurisy or recurrent form. This significantly limits the ability of the individual.
Therefore, to avoid dry and exudative pleurisy, in a timely manner and treat all inflammatory processes in the lungs, avoid viral infections and to carefully follow the diet.