Dryness of the nose: causes and treatment, what to do and how to get rid of
How to get rid of dryness in the nose?
During the day in the nasal cavity of a person, on average, produces four hundred to five hundred milliliters of mucus. It is necessary to wet the walls of the body. In fact, seventy percent of the produced mucus is used for this. In some situations, in spite of the described mechanism, there may be a feeling of dryness in the nose.
This is quite a dangerous condition. Dryness, in combination with congestion (dry cork), complicates the process of breathing through the nose, causing the ciliated epithelium can not properly filter and humidify the air you breathe. As a consequence, increases the risk of infectious diseases. Should consider causes and treatment of dryness in the nose.
Causes of dryness
Dry nose and stuffy nose can be triggered by different factors. Most often the reason for this condition – stay in a hot climate zone or room. A feeling arises, if the environmental humidity is lowered to forty percent.
Especially dangerous is the presence in the premises are air-conditioned. Learn more about the ideal moisture ratio, especially for a child.
Help! Due to the operation of conditioning a humidity of the indoor air may be reduced up to twenty percent.
However, humidity is not the only factor that may provoke a feeling of dryness in the nose. In some cases, dryness can be a symptom of disease or a consequence of work in specific conditions. So, among the causes of such sensations, we can distinguish the following factors:
- Harmful work. The problem is often observed in individuals who are constantly in contact with chemicals, building materials, or be in dusty environments.
- Long-term use of certain drugs. Hormonal and decongestants, regardless of their use and effectiveness, can provoke dryness of the nose.
- Trauma, burns of the nasal cavity.
- Rhinitis, infectious rhinoscleroma, dry keratoconjunctivitis and other diseases can trigger this condition.
- Constant stress in combination with lowered immunity. Depression as repetitive strain of the CNS, can cause the development of dryness in the nose.
- If the dryness extends to the oral cavity, the cause of her symptoms may be an autoimmune disease called Sjogren’s syndrome.
- The use of tobacco and alcoholic beverages.
- Thin air (occurs at high altitude).
- The decrease in producing sex hormones (regardless of gender).
- In some cases, the cause of this condition is diabetes mellitus.
If dry nasal mucosa in an older person, it can be triggered by aging and thinning of the mucosa. Often the phenomenon occurs in women who expect a child. In this case, it can occur due to factors mentioned above, and because of the hormonal changes associated with gestation.
Treatment of dryness in the nose in the first place involves the removal of the factor causing such a feeling. If the reason lies in the low humidity, it is necessary to air rooms more often, to abandon the use of the air conditioner.
Against dryness provoked by drugs, can be eliminated by restricting their taking or changing medication. Persons working in hazardous industries, it is recommended to wear respirators.
In order to get rid of the problem, you can irrigate mucous salted water.
It is necessary to dissolve in a glass of water (boiled) half spoon (teaspoon) of salt.
Suitable for both table and sea salt. The procedure should be carried out up to four times during the day (to bury in each nostril four drops).
What to do if dry nasal mucosa, and salted water does not help? You can use commercial preparations. For example, «Otrivin Sea», «Aqua Maris», «saline», «Aqualor» – sprays containing in its composition of sea water and moisturizing the nasal cavity. Data nasal sprays safe for the body, so you can use them over a long period of time.
In case of severe dryness, it is recommended to bury the nose of the neutral oils (peach, olive, sesame, etc.). Instead of oils you can apply drops of oil-based. The problem can be addressed and ointment for nasal dryness and sores (for example, «Cold», «Nisita»).
Important! Excessive use of oils disrupts the mucous membrane, so do not too carried away by such means.
Proven drugs «Arisan» and «Vitaon». The first is a spray, balm, and contains different proportions of honey, essential oils and extracts. You can use the tool, starting with five years.
In the second part of the drug is St. John’s wort, thyme, extract of pine buds and other items.
In order to remove the cover, you can use two percent salicylic ointment.
If medication doesn’t help, consult a specialist, who after a full scan of the nasal cavity will prescribe appropriate therapy. In some cases, to restore the normal functionality of the mucous membranes of the nose use of photodynamic therapy, which increases lymph flow and improves local immunity.
Folk medicine against dryness in the nose
Among the population are popular popular ways to get rid of the problem.
They allow the treatment of dryness in the nose at home without the use of chemicals.
Their advantage is harmless to the body, so that they can be used for the treatment of children.
First and foremost, we recommend that you clean the nasal cavity with the help of decoction. As a starting material can be used birch leaves, tarragon, sage. This can be done also by using the juice of plants (Kalanchoe, aloe).
Are popular pulmonary. The use of oils of menthol, eucalyptus and peppermint moisturize the nasal cavity and get rid of unpleasant symptoms. With the same purpose you can use the decoction of different herbs. Than to lubricate the nose with dryness and crusts? You can use eucalyptus, sunflower or olive oil.
Caution! It is necessary to monitor the temperature of the inhaled vapor, because excessively hot air can cause injury of the mucous, which will exacerbate the situation.
Effective method of therapy of dryness is the heating of the lateral surfaces of the nose and the bridge of the nose. For the procedure, you can use the bags, which contain flax seeds, salt, buckwheat. It is also possible the use of reflector lamps. Hot drinks are also able to temporarily solve the problem. A Cup of hot tea with honey or lemon, and warm milk, get rid of dryness. However, the effect of this method is short-term.
If nose dryness and crust will help the following recipes:
- Using a coffee grinder, grind to a powder dried seaweed. The resulting material is necessary to inhale several times during the day. During inspiration should be observed that the powder had not gone too deep into the nasal cavity.
- Grind three tablespoons of onion. Pour fifty milliliters of boiling water. Add half a spoon of honey (a teaspoon). After cooking, the product should be instilled into the nose.
- Boil the potatoes (peel not necessary to clean). Drip in a nose oil and menthol to make it to a warm potato. To keep the fruit necessary to its complete cooling.
In some cases, people’s methods even more effective than drugs. In addition, their advantage is the use of solely natural components. However, if the above traditional remedies and medicines have not solved the problem, you must consult a doctor.
The dryness in the nasal cavity can occur for a variety of reasons. However, regardless of the factor that triggered the phenomenon, it is necessary to take steps for its therapy, since excessive drying of the mucosa threatens to lower the immunity and increase the risk of infectious diseases. To fix the situation, you can use medication or use traditional medicine.