Ear ache: what to do and why pain — possible causes and
What to do if a sore ear?
Pain is one of the most important signs of disease. Whatever area of the body does not hurt, it is always necessary to pay attention. You should not let the disease to chance, especially when it comes to ENT. Delayed treatment can lead to undesirable consequences: the transition of the disease into the chronic stage, partial hearing loss and hearing loss. So if you feel that you have the ear starts to hurt, you need to immediately consult a doctor.
In order to effectively eliminate ear pain, you first need to understand why it caused. Pain can be a symptom of a serious disease, or to wear reflex character, but in both cases required medical intervention. To eliminate the unpleasant sensations will help in medicines and traditional medicines.
My ears hurt?
Among the main causes of Earache are the following:
- otitis (there are three main types of the disease for localization process: the outer, middle and inner);
- abscess behind the ear;
- ear trauma.
Most often soreness around the ear caused by swelling or inflammation.
Otitis externa occurs more often in violation of the integrity of the skin in the ear canal. This can occur by scratching or improperly performed hygienic care of the ears.
Water is also often provokes inflammation, especially if it’s water from public pools too dirty (standing water) or cold.
The causative agent of external otitis in the majority of cases the Streptococcus is. The presence of a disease can be judged by swelling and redness in the ear. The process may be accompanied by a temperature rise to febrile digits (from 38 to 390С).
Otitis media often occurs as a complication of pharyngitis or laryngitis.
The inflammatory process extends through the Eustachian tube.
If an enlarged pharyngeal tonsil (adenoids), otitis media is recurrent in nature, and eventually becomes chronic.
The chronicity of the process may result in the presence of comorbidities (e.g., diabetes mellitus, and in children, rickets, diathesis).
The detachable nature of otitis media are divided into:
Catarrhal otitis media is characterized by the same characteristics as the exterior, but it is a very sore ear when swallowing, chewing. And there have been no external changes on the part of the ear. Improper treatment or in its absence, occurs abscess – otitis media becomes purulent. In the area of the tympanic membrane in a cavity filled with pus.
Suppurative otitis media is accompanied by:
- an increase in temperature to 38-390С;
- pain «shooting» character, which radiates to temple, jaw, teeth (pain accompanied by yawning, chewing);
- hearing loss (sounds are heard as if from under the water column).
In a few days the purulent contents of the cavity out through the external auditory canal. Usually after this the patient’s condition improves.
Inflammation of the inner ear, other than hearing loss and pain will occur other symptoms:
- the volatile situation in space;
- unsteadiness of gait;
- ringing in the ears.
When disease of the inner ear Department the highest risk of hearing loss, especially if the causative agent is bacterial infection. After recovery could be impaired coordination of movements.
Otitis media not only scary its symptoms, how many complications. Due to this disease may experience hearing loss or total deafness. Also inflammation can spread to neighboring tissues and organs and cause the development of arthritis of the mandible, inflammation of the salivary glands, the radial nerve or meningitis.
Lymphadenitis is the inflammation of a lymph node, in this case behind the ear. Cause of disease can provide:
- sore throat;
- caries (usually leads to a painless increase in regional lymph nodes).
Abscess behind the ear
Abscess behind the ear – a limited purulent education. Often occurs as a result of mastoiditis (localized under the periosteum) or injury to the skin (subcutaneously).
Treated only surgically. So do not delay and try to get rid of abscess folk remedies. It only leads to a deterioration of the process and the spread of disease to the nearby tissue.
- the inner ear.
External injuries include frostbite, burns of the ear, puncture wounds, blunt force trauma, resulting in the crushing of the cartilaginous part. If the damage of the external auditory canal there bleeding and feeling of stuffiness.
Injuries to the middle ear include damage to the eardrum, her concussion, the gap due to shock, penetrating trauma, high blood pressure.
To pain in the ear can cause infection in the bones (upper or lower), as well as tooth decay.
First aid for earaches
If you have a very sore ear, and there is no assurance that the otitis, it is better not to use any medicinal drops. In such a case it is recommended to lay the ear canal with cotton wool and do not lie on the affected side.
That is strongly not recommended to do if you have hurt your ears, and you don’t know the cause of the problem:
- take various drugs (this may distort the clinical picture);
- to carry out heating around the ear (fraught with complications in case of purulent and catarrhal otitis).
If you experience ear pain in young children should also lay down on the fleece, wear the cap. In case of severe pain you can give analgesic (age dosage). If the pain is accompanied by fever, you are allowed to use physical cooling methods and give the child fever medicines. Then you should call the local doctor or an ambulance (depending on the time of day and the condition of the baby).
Drops and Otinum – the most commonly prescribed drops for sore ear.
They have decongestant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.
Before you drip the drug, it should be heated to body temperature, because cold solution will only exacerbate the pain.
Well as to relieve the ear pain is often prescribed Sofradeks drops, which contains antibiotic and hormones of the adrenal cortex. The drug is very effective for ear infections, especially purulent.
Before application of the drug in the form of drops should conduct a toilet of ears to remove the cover and to ensure maximum absorption of the drug.
Clean the affected ear using a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide. The tool is preheated to a temperature of the body, then buried a couple of drops in the affected ear and leave it for a few minutes. After the external auditory canal dry and lay it with a cotton ball.
In addition to medical treatment the doctor can appoint application of hot compress or heating. This can be ultraviolet irradiation, heating using a blue bulb or electrotherapy.
Antibiotic therapy is only applied if the cause of pain is lymphadenitis. Usually prescribed derivatives of penicillin (if not allergic) and aminoglycosides. In addition, symptomatic treatment.
Folk remedies for relieving ear pain
If the doctor was allowed to warming up, you can carry out this procedure with the help of improvised means.
This salt or flax seeds heat up in the pan.
The tool is poured into the pouch and applied to the affected ear.
This procedure is best done at night.
As a means for washing the external auditory canal used a decoction of chamomile, warmed to body temperature.
To reduce the pain you can use warm decoction of lemon balm or Valerian root. A good antiseptic and enveloping means is sea buckthorn oil. Before applying it is necessary to hold toilet ear.
Features of treatment of the patient’s ear in a child
Very often the ear diseases, mainly otitis media, children suffer. This is due to the anatomical characteristics of the structure of their ears. The fact that the Eustachian tube in babies is very short and is almost on the same plane with the throat. Therefore, if you encounter minimal inflammation in the throat of the child, it extends to the ear.
How to understand that the child has an Earache:
- When pressing on the tragus, it starts to act up or cry.
- Another characteristic that can determine the disease is the anxiety of the baby at night. As a rule, at night ear hurts more.
- Often children are breastfed refuse the breast because sucking and swallowing cause them severe pain.
What to do if your child has a sore inside your ear?
The main feature in the treatment of diseases of the ear is the process of instillation of drops. It should be done properly. Children up to one year before burying straighten auditory canal by pulling the earlobe down, the older children – the ear back and up.
Rarely children under one year, doctors prescribe ear drops. They usually prescribe nasal Nazivin.
If you or your little one an ear ache and does not pass, do not delay treatment to the doctor, especially if it concerns a child. It is not recommended to self-medicate, not knowing what caused the pain. This can lead to undesirable consequences, one of which is hearing loss.