Efficient in the nose from the common cold in children: pregnancy and sinusitis
How to apply «Efficient»?
The drug is «Efficient» for many years used in medicine as an antiseptic for external and local use. Until group of drugs antibacterial action, has been included in the therapeutic treatment of the upper respiratory tract, skin diseases and sexually transmitted infections.
The effectiveness of medication recognized otolaryngologists, and today quite often is assigned to «Efficient» in the nose in the treatment of inflammatory processes of the paranasal sinuses.
The composition of the drug and the pharmacological effect
«Efficient» has a deleterious effect on the cell wall of Gram (+) and gram-negative bacteria that contributes to their death. An antiseptic agent has irritating properties and is not absorbed through intact skin.
Pharmacological action of the drug due to the presence of the following components consisting of:
- molecular iodine acting disinfectant substance and prevents the development of infectious process;
- potassium iodide, which has a fungicidal and fungistatic effect (inhibits and destroys the fungal pathogens);
- polyvinyl alcohol that slows the release of iodine and increase the useful interaction of iodine to the treated area of skin. PVA is a water-retaining agent, softening and moisturizing the surface of the mucous membrane.
Produced «Efficient» in the bubbles of dark glass with a capacity of 100 ml. In a one percent aqueous solution contains 0,9 g PVA and 0.1 g iodine and 0.3 g of potassium iodide.
Also in sale you can find spray with a capacity of 50 ml. with a convenient nozzle that allows you to control the dosing of the drug in the irrigation of the nasal mucosa.
Important! Alkali and sunlight contribute to the degradation of the drug, so the drug is implemented in containers made of dark glass and stored in areas inaccessible to sunlight.
Thanks to the effective impact of pathological microflora is included in the therapeutic regimen for the treatment of tonsillitis, otitis, when thermal and chemical burns, purulent diseases of the skin.
How to use «Efficient» in the treatment of upper respiratory tract
Therapy and daily use of the drug is determined by the treating specialist, and based on the etiology of the disease and the individual patient.
It is understood that the «Efficient» as safe drug in turn can trigger the occurrence of complications, because an excess of iodine in the body can disrupt the internal organs, affect thyroid function, cause allergic reactions and cause burns to the mucous membrane.
Treatment of rhinitis in children
Medical product is recognized as painless and secure means. «Efficient,» from the common cold for children for many years, widely used in Pediatrics, thanks to painless and safe impact on the child’s body with strict adherence to the dosage and course of therapy.
In the treatment of rhinitis, sinusitis, the drug can be used in the form of drops. To increase the effectiveness of the medication before the manipulation necessary to clear the nose from dried mucus in the form of crusts using washing using sea water or saline.
In each nasal canal drip a few drops of the solution. Before using the drug should be diluted in boiled water.
Depending on the severity of symptoms, the ratio of solution to water may vary from 1:2 to 1:4. Antibacterial effect is enhanced by a larger value of the quantitative composition of the solution.
It is worth noting that the drug has a pronounced taste and smell, so cannot be perceived by the children.
Important! The use of «Efficient» has age restrictions. Children under six years of age the drug is contraindicated.
In the treatment of children spray must strictly adhere to the assigned value of a single dose of the drug to prevent irritation of the mucosa
- Children 6 to 12 years old is one spray into each nostril, three times a day.
- Children over 12 years – 1-2 irrigation of each nasal orifice, not more than four times per day.
«Efficient» in pregnancy
Pregnancy is a contraindication to the use of the drug. Even when used externally, iodine may be partially absorbed into the systemic circulation, which may result in changes in the functioning of the thyroid gland and cause hormonal imbalance.
The development of the musculoskeletal, nervous, reproductive and cardiovascular system directly depends on the normal functioning of the thyroid gland, therefore in the period of carrying a child to avoid the treatment of «Efficient».
«Efficient» to me
Pharmacological product can’t be an treatment of sinusitis. «Efficient» may be included in the therapeutic regimen as a preparation for washing the nasal cavity. The procedure must be carried out with the solution in diluted form.
To do this in 250 ml. of boiled, then cooled to room temperature water dissolve 1 tbsp. of the drug. Nasal lavage «Efficient» has a primary function – removal of stagnant fluid and the full restoration of a natural process its output.
In some cases prohibited the use of the drug
«Efficient,» it is prohibited to use patients with the following contraindications:
- Individual intolerance of components.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Excess iodine in the body.
The local application, in the case of strong irritation, discontinue treatment with the medicine.
Failure to follow dosage oral use can appear adverse reactions in the form of tachycardia, insomnia, excessive sweating, rapid, multiple liquid stool.
«Efficient» is available antiseptic, featuring a wide range of therapeutic use. A relatively safe drug does require the prescriptions of the attending technician, and the self can be fraught with undesirable consequences.