Erysipelas of the ear — pictures, symptoms and treatment
Looks like and is treated erysipelas of the auricle?
The human ear is one of those organs that is almost always outside, and that means that various infectious diseases such the body is exposed more than others. In particular, today it is not uncommon erysipelas of the ear (or, as they say, erysipelas of the ear) is an acute infectious disease that causes the patient extreme discomfort.
In various forms and stages of this nasty disease «behave» differently. However, the timely receipt of adequate medical treatment and further preventive measures will allow to overcome this disease forever.
What is erysipelas of the ear?
Erysipelas (erysipelas) is an infectious disease that develops on the background activity of beta-hemolytic streptococci group A.
This unusual name has nothing to do with slang, the disease is called so because of the appearance of her focus (with the Polish róża — «rose»), who at the time of disease activity blushes.
Infectious disease physicians, based on their experience, say that the man is unlikely to «miss» the face of the ear: the disease is so sudden and sharp that the onset of symptoms almost all patients can remember up to an hour, which is unusual.
A necessary condition for the development of the disease is getting a beta-hemolytic Streptococcus group A in the open wound, the disease affects not only the ears, but also any other areas of the human body.
Important! This disease affects absolutely everyone, since the strep bacteria are present on the skin of each person.
Erysipelas of the auricle occurs in humans in several forms. Physicians are distinguished:
- Erythematous form of the disease, which has a maximum 12-hour period the person begins to experience sharp unbearable pain, a burning sensation in the area of occurrence of the disease, inflammatory swelling and redness. Also, this form of the disease implies the possibility of transition in the erythematous-hemorrhagic form, in which the patient in the lesion can be traced punctate hemorrhages.
- Bullous («bubble») form — the stage of the disease, when after the appearance of erythema in the affected area of the skin there are small bubbles containing liquid. Typically, these bubbles are retained long after their descent are brown peel, but also these bubbles can lead to trophic ulcers and erosion.
Important! Face of the ear should be treated in the shortest possible time as any form of infectious disease are accompanied by processes related to negative effects on the lymphatic system.
Moreover, an unpleasant feature of the disease is and his ability to recur: in medical practice in a primary manifestation of erysipelas occurs on the face, however, incomplete eradication of streptococci disease can «remind» me again — later recurrent erysipelas most often affects the lower extremities.
Erysipelas of the ear: symptoms and treatment
As already noted, the disease is characterized by the suddenness and persistence of symptoms: erysipelatous inflammation of the ear, a photo of which is reproduced above, it is difficult not to notice even with the naked eye, the lesion is red, has a different temperature from adjacent skin sites, acquires a swollen appearance.
However, this is not all the symptoms of erysipelas of the ear.
The manifestation of the disease
- On the first day of the birth of the disease, patients experience various symptoms of intoxication of the organism — there is a severe headache, body temperature is kept at temperature at 39-40 °C, there is a General weakness.
- Along with fever, weakness and headache patient in the first day may suffer from vomiting or nausea.
- At the outbreak of the disease in 6 hours after its occurrence redness — the area where the active Streptococcus visually clearly separated from healthy skin. It a distinctive look, characteristic of inflammation. In this way the skin looks inflamed and tense.
- Inside the red plot is sometimes possible to trace petechial hemorrhages.
- Some time after the development of inflammation in the damaged area of skin can be small blisters with fluid inside, the patient usually experiences pain.
- In the absence of adequate treatment or failure after blisters formed trophic ulcers.
Important! The disease is characterized by transience and usually erythematous erysipelas ceases to manifest itself to the affected sector by 5-8 days, but in more serious forms it can disturb the patient and in a period of 2 weeks or more.
Fortunately, treatment of the disease occurs in the same fast pace at which the disease is gaining momentum.
Although recognized infectious disease specialists, to overcome the face of the ear is not so simple: the fact that the Streptococcus being the causative agent of the disease, are highly resistant to therapy.
Complete destruction of these pathogens outside the human body is possible with a 30-minute exposure to 56-degree temperature.
Inside the human body Streptococcus are eliminated with antibiotics.
The first thing that draws attention in the treatment of the multiplicity and form of the disease, accompanying complications, and the degree of intoxication of the patient.
Depending on these factors, the doctor prescribes drugs in average daily doses, usually is:
- penicillin range of antibiotics. Suitable, in particular, «Tetracycline», «Penicillin», «Oletetrin», «Oleandomycin», «Erythromycin»;
- the drugs group sulfonamides. In particular, «Soap», «Sulfazin», etc.;
- chemotherapy drugs combined. Among them — «Biseptol», «Bactrim», «Septin»;
- ultraviolet (UV) or ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) therapy, which is exposed to the affected area of the skin, and after being assigned ozokerite;
- vitamins — particularly useful are the b vitamins, ascorbic acid;
- sometimes the list of drugs also added non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs — «Glottal», «Phenylbutazone», «Reopirin».
Important! Method the use of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. Drugs can be administered in the form of ointments for local treatment, and in the form of tablets or injections.
Because bacteria are highly resistant to destruction and unfinished treatment is fraught with relapse, doctors recommend to take two different antibiotics. Between the first and second chosen to fight the face is the antibiotic necessary to maintain the minimum 10-day period.
The consequences of the disease
The first and most common consequence faces — ability of the disease to relapse.
In medical practice the re-emergence of the disease is divided into two categories: early and late.
In the first case, the inflammation again can «recall» on another area of the body in a 6-month period.
Later that relapses occur after six months from cure of the primary faces.
In addition, this infectious disease is fraught with a number of other hazards:
- lymphostasis. With this complication in the affected organ is the accumulation of protein rich fluid that causes the increase of body — a disease in people called «elephantiasis,» she often manifests in the lower extremities;
- trophic ulcers. Formed in places where the stemmed erysipelas bullet, in place of the bursting of bubbles;
- sepsis. In people, this complication is often called blood poisoning. The disease is characterized by the fact that it extends to the whole organism, as bacteria enter the blood;
- necrosis. Death of tissue in place where there face;
- cellulitis. Disease in which there is purulent inflammation of cellular spaces. The condition is complicated by the fact that it is not peculiar clear boundaries of the flow — distinguish perirenal, subcutaneous, retroperitoneal, podfartilo, coloramerican and other forms;
- abscess. Purulent abscess, which may remain in the «activity» of streptococci.
Thus, the illness from a medical point of view, despite all sorts of complications, is considered to be easily treatable. Only in rare cases, erysipelas of the ear is not amenable to traditional treatment is almost always the forecasts are more favorable.
However, in order to avoid serious complications you should avoid self-treatment: popular treatments faces ear Ichthyol ointment, or balsam Vishnevsky do not contribute to recovery, but only prolong the healing process.