Exacerbation sinusitis: symptoms and treatment what to do if worsened
What to do with acute sinusitis?
Sinusitis is one of the most serious diseases characterised by an active inflammatory process, developing in the paranasal sinuses. The disease most often occurs on the background of colds or a protracted cold. The likelihood of sinusitis increases if prolonged rhinitis has not been cured to the end.
Predisposing factor influencing the development of the disease is lowered immunity. Another reason why sinusitis can be developed is bad teeth. This disease characteristic is the nose, where the sinuses mucus accumulates, and then begins to cause a flow of pus.
Signs of acute sinusitis
The main symptoms of acute sinusitis are:
- reduced olfactory sensation or complete loss;
- the occurrence of pain in the nose and the temples;
- heaviness in the head;
- the increase in body temperature;
- decreased performance;
To treat sinusitis must, and the sooner you start treatment, the better. If this is not done immediately, the disease will pass into the purulent stage, which is fraught with serious complications, often manifesting as a disease with an independent current.
Acute sinusitis is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which is equipped with a large number of blood vessels. The inflammatory process affects the connective tissue. When the disease becomes chronic, affects the bone tissue of the maxillary sinuses and submucosa.
The most common causative agents of sinusitis are:
- hemophilic Bacillus;
- pneumococcal infection.
In addition, the disease can develop with the incorrect structure of the lattice of the maze. As a result, the sinuses can get insufficiently treated air masses, which promotes inflammation.
Sinusitis affects people of different ages. Most often it occurs in autumn and winter. Although early spring is also there are cases of exacerbations of this disease.
If the sinus infection turned into a chronic form, we should expect the development of recurrent processes. Moreover, certain categories of people who have severely weakened immune system, it is enough to catch a slight cold, accompanied by runny nose. Unfortunately, it happens quite often, even at the slightest hypothermia.
In many patients, the question arises: what to do when exacerbation of chronic sinusitis? In order to answer it, it is advisable to consider the information of how to proceed exacerbation and what are the risks of this condition to the patient.
Exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease
During exacerbations of chronic sinusitis patients experience the following symptoms:
- lack of energy;
- a feeling of weakness;
- severe headache;
- pain in the nasal sinus with pressure on it;
- the bloated feeling during tilting of the head;
- increased slezotechenie;
- the increase in body temperature;
- the reduction of olfactory sensations;
- sore throat;
- nocturnal cough, which occurs as a result of the draining of pus into the throat of the maxillary sinuses;
Exacerbation of chronic sinusitis patients are often observed damage to the skin near the nose which are swelling, oozing and small cracks.
On the background of complications of sinusitis can get your development of diseases like eye conjunctivitis and keratitis. If the inflammatory process involves the periosteum, the patient may become swollen eyelids and swelling to the face.
Exacerbation of sinusitis increases the risk of developing the following serious complications:
- swelling of the meninges;
- obstruction of the orbital veins;
- abscess of the brain;
- eye abscess.
The process starts when relapse occurs as a result of exposure to viral infection, followed by bacterial infection of the maxillary sinus. The defeat of the nasal mucosa provokes congestion in the sinuses due to which pathogens begin to contact with the healthy cells. This leads to a secondary bacterial infection.
Methods of treatment
In acute sinusitis, in addition to the puncture of the nasal septum may be appointed complex therapy, including:
- lavage of the sinuses with saline using the drainage;
- laser treatment;
- conducting ozone therapy;
Treatment of acute sinusitis is aimed at the withdrawal symptoms: therapy provides a flow of mucus and purulent secretions from the maxillary sinuses.
Patients prescribed antibiotics, antipyretic drugs and sulfamide. With the aim of strengthening the immune system at the same time being vitamin. If the disease is accompanied by allergic symptoms, the treatment is the purpose of calcium chloride and antihistamine.
To speed up the healing process by using nasal drops and sprays, have vasoconstrictor action. They include:
- Naphazoline and so on.
With regard to the use of homeopathic medicines, made from natural components, it is advisable to apply for the activation of protective forces of an organism. The main advantage of these drugs is a complete absence of side effects in their application.
Before treatment you should visit a homeopathic doctor, then pay a visit to the audiologist.
If the sinusitis has aggravated to deal with the problem will help the following procedures:
- steam inhalations with medicinal herbs and essential oils;
- irradiation of paranasal sinuses by ultrasound;
- treatment of an application with paraffin and other physiotherapy.
Sinus puncture is performed to separate the nasal passage from the maxillary cavity. After this nasal sinus washed with saline, resulting in pathogenic content is removed. Further, to prevent relapses of sinusitis and suppuration, it is assumed introduction of antibiotics.
Surgery under the name hamartoma represents the opening of the maxillary sinus with a view to its purification. Manipulation is done in the case of infection after tooth extraction in the upper jaw.
In order to prevent the development of complications in chronic sinusitis, it is enough to follow some simple rules:
- with the emergence of the first manifestations of the right to appeal to the audiologist for consultative and medical help;
- any colds recovered.
- strictly adhere to medical recommendations;
- correctly and to eat a balanced;
- to include in the diet a sufficient amount of vitamins to support normal immunity;
- avoid overcooling;
- to treat colds, alternating between medical therapy and traditional methods.
In conclusion, it can be noted that the treatment of such diseases as sinusitis should be treated with the utmost seriousness. Thus it will be possible to avoid relapses and complications.