Fluid in the ear behind the eardrum: treatment
How to remove fluid from the middle ear?
The appearance of fluid in the ear, and more specifically behind the eardrum is a condition that goes beyond the normal functioning of the body and requires close attention. This phenomenon may be a symptom of the development of certain pathologies and to testify about the anatomy of the ear auditory system.
The true cause in such circumstances can be determined only specialist, and then prescribe the appropriate treatment based on stage and form of disease.
The average Department of the organ of hearing
The average Department – part of the auditory analyzer, starting behind the eardrum. Consists of the tympanic cavity, which consists of the auditory ossicles (Malleus, incus, and stapes).
Also, this Department consists of the auditory tube that connects the ear cavity with the nasopharynx.
Help. The tympanic cavity of the middle part is filled with air.
This Department is separated from the outer ear by the eardrum and from the inner – wall of bone, which houses the oval and round window.
On the system Department of hearing and assigned the responsibility of zvukoprovodnost, the sounds picked up by the outer ear, not just transmitted in the internal, and processed in a certain way. Thanks to the lever mechanism of the ossicles there is a strengthening of the power of sound.
In addition, the middle ear has another important function. In particular, the Eustachian tube equalizes the pressure in the cavity of the ear with pressure in the external environment, thereby preventing damage to the tympanic membrane at sharp differences of atmospheric pressure.
Help. If the organ of hearing did not have such a device, pressure equalization, people would always feel stuffy in the ear.
As other parts of the ear system, the middle ear is exposed to various inflammatory processes, among which the most common is otitis media.
Having considered briefly the structure and functions of the middle ear, we turn to the question of how to extract liquid.
How to remove fluid from the middle ear
The appearance of exudate in the ear of the child – the phenomenon is more widespread compared to adults, due to the incompleteness of the system of hearing and a high susceptibility to colds.
Fluid in the ear cavity may have a foreign origin, and to be the product of internal secretion organ.
This phenomenon in childhood and adulthood may occur for the following reasons:
- the presence of water;
- purulent otitis chronic character;
- otitis media exudative forms.
Help. If the middle ear is exposed to water, a person can feel stuffy and discomfortness. It can happen due to the presence of gaps in the eardrum or through the auditory tube, for example, during flushing of the nose with a cold.
If it does not touch the water, much more fluid tends to accumulate in normal inflammation.
How is it done? The mechanism of accumulation of fluid as follows: a failure occurs in the functioning of the Eustachian tube (it swells), causing the natural drainage is disturbed and the liquid is collected behind the membrane of the eardrum. If left untreated at this stage, it may develop otitis media, which in turn may become purulent form.
To get rid of fluid in the middle ear, it is necessary to perform appropriate therapy aimed at addressing not only this phenomenon, but its underlying factor in the development. Feature therapeutic activities lies in the integrated approach:
- Pharmacological influence.
First of all, you need to restore the Eustachian tube, that is, to normalize a natural abstraction of fluid. To do this, prescribers with vasoconstrictor effect to eliminate edema and inflammation in the tissues.
May also be administered, the procedure of blowing, which can be used to reveal the walls of the auditory tube.
Definitely need to treat cold and not run it a long course in the future.
If the inflammatory process has reached the middle ear, the treatment should be under the supervision of a specialist. In this case usually are assigned:
- Antibacterials for systemic effects;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- ear drops;
Also for the destruction of pathogenic organisms and preventing the formation of purulent masses used antibacterial drugs and antiseptics, local effects. Do not forget about performing the above procedure on the normalization of the functioning of the auditory tube.
If the fluid became pus, and its elimination is not possible, because the rupture of the tympanic membrane pressure occurs, the doctor prescribes a surgical intervention in the form of a paracentesis of the ear. The essence of the event is to perform the incision of the membrane, through which the purulent mass will come out.
This may be performed by scanning the cavity, but only if the infection has spread very widely, or when there are large accumulations of purulent masses.
Sometimes, especially for removing liquid in children, use the bypass, which leads to a continuous liquid outlet and the vent cavity until, until you have eliminated the causes of accumulation of fluid.
This procedure is particularly relevant for a long period of otitis of a purulent nature, and it is absolutely not influence the ear and healed almost without scarring.
Help. Approximately 6 months after the operation, the shunt drops out, and to heal wounds with self-rupture of the tympanic membrane requires from 2 to 4 weeks.
If the fluid is not caused by inflammation, and infiltration of water over the membrane, then fix it will help in a medical facility. This is the procedure for blowing off the auditory tube, and eliminates irritation. If there is a accession of infection, you need antibiotic treatment.
Own water from the middle of the ear to extract is unlikely to succeed. If the penetration of water in the outer ear, it is possible to shake or extract with turundy, in this situation, this is possible only partially, and then, if there is a rupture of the eardrum.
If the time to pay attention to the appearance of such phenomenon and to see a specialist, then eliminate it in this situation, conservative way. If you run this state, the contact with normal water can result in purulent otitis media, which may become chronic.
To avoid such situations, you must carefully monitor your health and hygiene of the ears and not to postpone the treatment of rhinitis and colds.