Functions of vagina: characteristics, structure of the female body

Female sexual organs – is not only the uterus with appendages. You could even say that the uterus and vagina – the most important sex organs in women. The latter is also referred to as a vagina. The organ has the form of a hollow tube which connects the outer labia and the uterus. The vagina is quite easily stretched, which explains the fact that it can change its size and wall thickness. What is the role of the vagina in the female body? What is the device on?

What structure is the body?

Uterus and vagina are located in the pelvic cavity. The body is the bladder and rectum. The structure of a body constructed so that the upper part of the vagina is in contact with the cervix, and in its lower part is a hole. If the fairer sex still virgin, this opening closes the hymen. The body has the form of a gap, because its anterior and posterior walls touch each other.

When the walls are in a unstretched condition and a thickness of 3-4 mm and a length of about 7-12 cm of the body Wall have several layers. The outer layer is connective tissue, the middle layer are smooth muscle and the inner layer is the mucosa.

The uterus and vagina play a crucial role in the female body during intercourse this organ receives the male penis, during labor vagina is the canal through which the child is born, if the birth happen naturally. Next you need to detail the functions of the authority in a woman’s body.

The purpose of the vagina

Sexual function of the female body would be impossible without such organs as the uterus and vagina. During sex it gets the sperm from the male. The greatest depth is characterized by posterior fornix of the vagina, where and accumulates semen, which contains sperm. Near this area is the entrance to the neck marks, where and sent the sperm to fertilize the eggs.

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If there has been fertilization and pregnancy, the vagina may start to occur physiological changes, making the tissue more friable, ensuring the ability of the body to stretch.

In the course of labor activity, namely at the battles, the vagina and the cervix of the genitals to form the birth canal through which the child is born. After labor the vagina gradually returns to its original state (restores the previous size).

It should be noted and the protective function of the vagina. In normal condition always develops within a certain microflora, which are mainly lactic acid bacteria of the same species. The mucous membrane of the body of glycogen (a substance refers to polysaccharides), which are processed by microorganisms using enzymes to lactic acid. This leads to the formation of acidic environment inside the body that is a powerful barrier against the penetration of pathogenic bacteria in the female body and reproduction.

Also the vagina is an erogenous zone of the female body, influencing that a woman will get a very pleasant feeling, the climax of which would be sexual satisfaction (orgasm). When sexual contact takes place the wetting of the walls of the female vagina, resulting in the introduction of the penis is much easier. During friction on the inner surface of the body of the penis, along with exposure to the clitoris a woman is experiencing the strongest excitation, which ends with an orgasm.

The main diseases

Diseases of the vagina, like any other organ, require urgent treatment. Well, if they are diagnosed early, then treatment will be more easy and fast. When long term is no proper treatment or not complied with the recommendation of a physician, can have serious consequences which will not cure by simple exercises and medications.

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The diseases of the vagina include:

  • The prolapse. When the body moves outwards, this is called prolapse. This pathology is due to the weakening of the muscles of the pelvis and the abdominal wall after childbirth. Also drooping can occur due to frequent constipation and weight lifting. As a rule, about such a disease can say these symptoms: incontinence, pain during intercourse, feeling of heaviness in the vaginal area. In the early stages of the disease can be treated by special exercises aimed at strengthening the pelvic floor muscles. When the stage of the disease more than running, treatment one surgery.
  • Thrush. This disease is the most common in women. It occurs when in the cavity of the vagina begin to multiply massively malicious mushrooms. As a rule, the main cause of thrush is poor personal hygiene or bacterial overgrowth that may occur during the treatment of certain drugs depressing microflora. Disease manifests severe itching and burning of the external genitalia, and whitish, cheesy discharge with an unpleasant smell, constant dryness of the mucous membrane during intercourse, causing pain. The disease can not be considered dangerous, but if it is not promptly treated or it became chronic, you may experience inflammation in other organs of the reproductive system that can carry serious health problems, particularly infertility. For this reason, in the case of curd clots, and severe itching around the entrance to the vagina, you need to immediately consult a doctor. As a rule, treatment of vaginal thrush hold special candles.
  • The gap in the process of labor. Often there are cases when the vaginal walls during labor, not stretched as needed, and passing of fetal tissue in the narrowest place can tear. About the fact that there was a rupture of the vagina, says eye-catching blood, in addition the woman feels severe pain in the vagina. In this case, carried out a special operation involving the restoration of the integrity of the vaginal tissue, which were damaged in the birth process.
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It can be concluded that the uterus and the vagina has a crucial function in the female body, without which it is impossible normal sexual life and child birth. A woman should observe the rules of personal hygiene and regularly visit the gynecologist, to prevent or timely detect various diseases of the vagina and other genital organs, and as quickly as possible to eliminate them.