Increased acidity of the stomach: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

The symptoms and treatment of hyperacidity of the stomach

  • Symptoms of hyperacidity of the stomach
  • Diagnosis of hyperacidity in the stomach
  • Treatment increased acidity of the stomach
  • Diet
  • Medication
  • Sensation of acids in the mouth appears after making copious amounts of food and when the body is unable to cope with the sudden load. The acidity of gastric juice in our time is determined in rare cases and almost always in a hospital. This is an important criterion for the normal functioning of the stomach and duodenum gradually forgotten. But in some cases it can help doctors to finally diagnose and solve the problem on further tactics of treatment.

    What causes increased levels of acidity? How is it diagnosed? What are the symptoms and treatment of hyperacidity of the stomach?

    Causes of increased acidity

    Reasons for the increase in the acidity of the stomach can be divided into supervised and unsupervised. The first is the way of life, unhealthy diet. The second group of reasons is more serious processes associated with disruption of the digestive, nervous and endocrine system and genetic factors.

    A large role in the change of acidity belongs to food. There is a whole list of foods that affect the rate of digestive system. Once in the stomach, these foods stimulate the nervous system and cells that produce hydrochloric acid. Of the most frequently used you can select multiple groups.

    1. The fruits and vegetables. Useful and necessary products, which are in abundance bring not only benefits to the body. If after 30-40 minutes after a snack of apples or a bunch of grapes have not received full food in the stomach, a person may feel a burning and pain in the stomach, will bother nagging heartburn. This is a symptom of increasing levels of hydrochloric acid that is not consumed in processing more complex food affects the gastric mucosa.
    2. Confectionery, chocolate, ice cream products, the number one, which increase the acidity of the stomach.
    3. Alcohol.
    4. Colored soda drinks, strong tea and coffee.
    5. Poor quality of food. There is a mechanism for increasing the acidity of the stomach is a little different. The body tries to fight harmful spoiled food, increasing the level of hydrochloric acid. Normal one of its functions — antibacterial, it goes on the clearance of substandard food.
    6. Why else increases the acidity of gastric juice? After a festive meal, excess fat and protein may lead to changes in these indicators. The food in the stomach does not have time to recycle it, there is stagnation.
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    In addition to the food, increasing the level of stomach acidity may be diet, regular fasting, Smoking, taking anti-inflammatory drugs.

    Diseases of the digestive system increase acidity

    A large number of gastric juice is produced in some diseases.

    1. Повышенная кислотность желудка: симптомы, диагностика, лечениеInflammation of the antrum (the part that is closest to the duodenum).
    2. Peptic ulcer of the duodenum.
    3. Why else increases the acidity in the stomach? — violation of the nervous regulation of gastric juice secretion may be the cause. Such conditions occur in nervousness and stress, on one of the stages of diabetes.
    4. In case of violation of evacuation of food from the stomach, what happens when you lack enzymes for processing food (observed in the pancreatitis, cholecystitis).
    5. Is gastritis with high acidity.

    Symptoms of hyperacidity of the stomach

    How a person feels increased if the acidity of the stomach? There are several symptoms, talking about such disorders in the body.

    1. Повышенная кислотность желудка: симптомы, диагностика, лечениеA symptom of the increased acidity of the stomach is the feeling of acid in my mouth. It can be connected with food and immediately after a meal or on an empty stomach.
    2. Heartburn, a burning sensation or burning pain behind the breastbone. This symptom is characteristic of many diseases of the digestive system, including for gastritis, peptic ulcer disease.
    3. With a permanent increase levels of hydrochloric acid there is a feeling of nausea, stabbing pains in the stomach.
    4. Symptom of hyperacidity may be a burp.
    5. Discomfort and bloating after meals.
    6. Rarely increased appetite.

    In most cases, symptoms depend on the underlying disease, which increases the acidity level of the stomach.

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    Diagnosis of hyperacidity in the stomach

    Повышенная кислотность желудка: симптомы, диагностика, лечениеFor the proper treatment requires an accurate diagnosis. Currently, diagnosis of stomach acidity in practice mnogolopastnyj method of sensing thin probe. This morning, on an empty stomach with a soft tube with a diameter of 3-5 mm recovered gastric contents. As the tube is very soft to actively enter impossible. Man seated on a chair and asked to make a few swallowing movements.

    The probe has several labels that roughly indicate the location of the tube in the stomach. When the device is introduced starts the fence of gastric juice. For this purpose, the free end is attached to a syringe volume of 20 ml and collected at the beginning of the study the first portion of the gastric contents. Then in the next hour every 15 min to make a fence four servings.

    Then another for 60 minutes is performed stimulation of gastric juice secretion (administered histamine, pentagastrin or insulin), and again 4 times taking the portions for research. After the procedure all parts of gastric juice sent for analysis.

    The signs of increased acidity of gastric juice is to increase the level of hydrochloric acid. Normal levels of hydrochloric acid following.

    1. Fasting in healthy men the average number is 3.3 mmol/h (can be in the range from 0 to 9).
    2. For women the figure is 2.3 mmol/h (0 to 7).
    3. After stimulation, these figures increase to 11.5 in men (an average of 6.5 to 26) and 8.5 (4.5 to 20).

    The total number of fasting gastric juice is in the range of 50-100 ml/h.

    After introduction of stimulating drugs concentration of gastric juice should be increased from 100 to 200 ml depending on the administered substance.

    The increase in these indicators indicates the disturbance in the digestive system causing the whole body suffers as a whole.

    Treatment increased acidity of the stomach

    The treatment of gastric hyperacidity should begin with therapy of the underlying disease, in which there are such changes. But the mainstay of treatment is diet and drug therapy.

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    Повышенная кислотность желудка: симптомы, диагностика, лечениеDuring exacerbation to relieve symptoms, must go on a gentle diet:

  • eating several times a day in small portions;
  • not to use too hot and cold meals;
  • in the entrees do not use fried;
  • as a second course — porridge;
  • eliminate annoying stomach spices — pickles, onions, garlic, canned foods, pepper, vinegar, mustard, horseradish;
  • cook for a couple, do not eat fried foods;
  • not to drink strong tea, coffee, carbonated drinks, alcohol, citrus juices;
  • from preferred drinks herbal teas, juices from vegetables, especially those that reduce the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach — potato, cabbage, carrot.
  • Medication

    Повышенная кислотность желудка: симптомы, диагностика, лечениеAlmost in the treatment of any such pathology is assigned to the following groups of drugs:

  • no more than 10-14 days is prescribed antacids means to rapidly reduce acid;
  • for the treatment drugs used to normalize the level of hydrochloric acid: H2 blockers-histamine receptors, or proton pump inhibitors;
  • for the symptomatic treatment products are used to stimulate motor activity of the stomach prokinetics, sedatives substance.
  • Not the last role in the treatment of hyperacidity plays prevention. It is important to eat a balanced, to conduct a correct lifestyle, to stop Smoking and regularly to undergo annual examinations in the clinic.

    Acidity is an important quality factor which can help in controversial moments. Difficulties in diagnosis push this research to the background. But if the time to make the correct diagnosis and begin treatment the acidity — it will be a good prevention of more severe disorders in the gastrointestinal tract.