Gaza after laparoscopy: how to clean, exercise and other methods
A relatively new method of diagnosis and treatment in surgical practice is laparoscopy. This method is characterized by minimal invasiveness during surgical operation, which consists in dipping the tools in the abdominal cavity through small incisions made in the abdomen. This kind of surgery can significantly reduce the volume of surgical intervention, making the whole procedure takes much less time than classic operation. During a laparoscopy, trauma of the body are minimal and the patient loses a small amount of blood, so a few days after surgery he can go home.
As a diagnostic method, laparoscopy allows for the most detailed examination of the organs of the pelvic cavity, abdominal cavity, head, chest and neck. With its help it is convenient to take samples of tissues for biopsy. Laparoscopy is indicated in cases when ultrasound, computed tomography and other methods do not allow for a full picture of the disease.
Laparoscopic exploration is very effectively used to identify and treat diseases of intestines, bile ducts, gall bladder, superficial tissues of the stomach, liver, Appendix and other abdominal organs. No less popular this method in the field of gynecological diseases. With the help of laparoscopy is easily diagnosed by kistoz reproductive organs (uterus, ovaries, tubes), endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy and various inflammatory processes of small pelvis.
Gas at laparoscopy
Most patients suffer from discomfort after the surgical treatment, which is associated with the accumulation of gases in the abdominal cavity. To understand the cause of such problems is possible only after learning how takes place the operation itself. As already mentioned, in the abdominal cavity are made small holes, usually three in number. In the first section you enter the Veress needle, through which the abdominal cavity is filled with carbon dioxide. This is to ensure that during the operation the surgeons had access to the operated organs and can easily make the necessary manipulations. In the second, made in the navel, a hole injected tube with a camera called a laparoscope.
The main tool needed for the operation, is introduced in the third section, located just above the pubic bone. All the holes are rather small and not comparable with those used in conventional surgical procedures. So, the first puncture reaches a diameter of up to 2 millimeters and the other two about 5 millimeters. The greatest number of gases and air gets into the body through a hole in which the needle is injected for the supply of carbon dioxide. At the time of injection of gas into the body may occur with subcutaneous emphysema (complications peculiar to laparoscopic). It is formed as a result of falling carbon dioxide in the tissue located directly under the skin (fatty layer, etc.). In rare cases this complication can lead to serious consequences, but generally the ingress of gases under the skin is not a problem. They are absorbed into the body and excreted by themselves for a maximum of two days.
In addition to subcutaneous emphysema, after surgery, patients may experience some bloating and associated pain.
How to withdraw gas accumulations from the body
The problem of removing gases from the body after surgery occurs in almost every patient. During the recovery period after surgery, all patients must stick to a certain diet. Food products should be easily digestible and gentle on your abdomen. This avoids the formation of additional gas, of which enough remains in the body after the laparoscopy. The final amount depends on how much gas was put in operation. Although the completion of all the manipulations of the surgeons release the gas from the abdominal cavity, still bring it completely impossible. In total, to the gas concentrations of the residual out of the body operated on, it will take about two weeks. Once that happens, the patient will cease to feel his disturbing discomfort.
To speed up the process of removing gases, it is necessary to observe the following rules:
- actively spend time (but not to overload the weakened surgery of the body);
- eat foods that accelerate metabolism.
Depending on the type of operation introduces a different amount of gases that spread in the body and can give pain in different parts of the body. Most often, the pain occurs in the chest area, collarbone, and of course, in the abdominal cavity. These symptoms and cause the need to take measures for the speedy elimination of gases.
For starters, your doctor may recommend the appointment of painkillers that will ease the condition of the patient so you can safely wait until Gaza is completely out on their own.
In severe cases, subcutaneous emphysema in order to release accumulated gases, not enough sometimes without repeated surgical intervention or the use of special drainage and water-jet suction. But, as already mentioned, such situations are quite rare. In other cases, for removing the accumulated gases are applied fairly simple methods. Any action must be approved by your specialist.
To solve bloating and accumulation of gas after carrying out of a laparoscopy may be prescribed medication. This files most often appointed by such pharmacological agents as Espumisan, Simethicone, or simply activated coal, depending on the force with which gas-forming process occurs. If flatulence mild, it can cope and activated carbon. Most effective when strong gas of the following drugs is Espumizan. Also the alternative would be POLYSORB.
Exercises for removing gases
If after laparoscopy residual gas comes out very slowly, effective for the solution of this problem will be light physical exercises that help improve intestinal motility. Limitations for performing physical activities after surgery, subject to a maximum of the first 3 — 4 days. After this period of activity easy sport is not something that is not forbidden, and even prescribed.
Most effective for removing gases from the abdominal cavity are the following exercises:
- small tilts the torso forward and sideways;
- standing on one foot, do forward bends (on a 5 — on each foot);
- the classic «bike» (just the 15 «spins»);
- lying on your side bend under her feet (5 — 10);
- alternately pull and relax the stomach in the supine position;
- relax and suck in your stomach with knees bent lying on back;
- stroking of the abdomen in the clockwise direction with a gradual increase in the pressing force;
- tightening the gluteal muscles and muscles of the anus (50 times a day).
Doing this is quite simple and harmless collection of exercises, you can expect that all cause discomfort and pain, gas accumulation will be completely withdrawn within 2 — 4 days. In addition, this complex will help to normalize the stool after the surgery and will have a positive impact on the health of the patient.
Traditional ways of removing gases
A very popular and effective are traditional methods of getting rid of the accumulation of gases after laparoscopy.
- Dill seed 1 — 2 tablespoons, pour boiling water (200 ml) and let stand. A tincture is recommended to take 100 ml several times during the day.
- Tea carminative action, which included the fruits of fennel, mint leaves and Valerian: collection 1 spoon, pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for half an hour. A glass of tincture three divided doses during the day.
- A decoction of caraway or fennel: 1 teaspoon of ground herbs to make 250 ml of boiling water.
- Eat cumin powder 1 teaspoon with water in sufficient quantity.
Everything described in the article methods of removing gases sufficiently effective and harmless, but to act without checking with your doctor if any treatment is not recommended.