A normal TSH during pregnancy
The most important period in every woman’s life is pregnancy planning. Usually expectant mothers approach the issue with all seriousness. It begins with a survey of the organism to the condition.
What to do at the planning stage of pregnancy?
If the pregnancy was not a surprise to you, and you decided consciously to approach this question, for a start, refrain from bad habits. They are especially adversely affect women’s health. Change have and way of life. More attention should be paid to healthy sleep and Hiking in nature. If you exercise, try to reduce the activity and not to overload the body.
Think about choosing a good diet. Very common in lately the principle nutrition, when girls do not need to exhaust your body with starvation and limit the vital food. Properly selected diet of balanced foods helps you feel good and maintain your optimal weight.
Talk with your doctor. Will have to pass some tests that the doctor could determine the state of your health. Usually the first stage is DAB and the General analysis of blood.
What influence pregnancy has on the thyroid gland?
Special attention is paid to the examination of the thyroid gland in women. Iron is the principal organ of the endocrine system, and performs a very important function – produces thyroid stimulating hormone which simplistically denoted by TSH. This hormone is responsible for the pituitary gland in the brain. In complex with TSH, other thyroid hormones – T3 and T4, responsible for the reproductive and nervous systems. These three very important hormone for the human body. Index hormone TSH, reflects the situation with other hormones.
If the endocrine system suffers from a lack of the hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), that regulate their TSH by raising their level. If T3 and T4 in excess, the level of TSH decreases.
As TSH affect pregnancy?
A normal TSH during pregnancy and up to 4 MCED/L. If the analysis shows the figure is higher than normal, this should be a cause for concern and seeking medical attention. Although a slight increase in hormone levels is normal. Therefore, measures to adjust the TSH level is not carried out.
The endocrine system has a huge impact on the life of almost all organs of the human body. Most hormones of the endocrine system affect reproductive function of women. Disruption of the normal production of TSH level in women directly affects the ability of conceiving and carrying a child.
High level of TSH, called hypothyroidism. It leads to dangerous disturbances in the ovaries. The follicles cease to ripen, and ovulation stops. Therefore, the concept of thyroid and infertility are closely linked. Hypothyroidism and infertility follow one another. In addition to infertility, hypothyroidism causes menstrual disorders and abnormalities of fetal development.
Disruption of the thyroid endocrine cause of infertility. Even if conception occurs, a woman’s body can not accept such changes, and terminate the pregnancy, rejecting the fetus. To avoid this outcome, the doctors pre-prescribe tests for TSH level.
During pregnancy, the clinical picture changes. Hormones begin active rebuilding under the new state of the woman’s body. Because of how effectively the hormone during pregnancy, depends on the physical and intellectual development of the unborn child. To hormones during pregnancy were positive for the future of the baby, the increased TSH should increase by 50%.
What is autoimmune thyroiditis?
Autoimmune thyroiditis is the most dangerous disease of the thyroid gland. It is referred to genetic diseases. This is a serious pathology which is accompanied by changes in the tissues of the gland. Infiltration of the tissues of the thyroid gland during pregnancy usually occurs in women, a deficiency of iodine. During the development of the disease in the body of the expectant mother develops antibodies to the epithelial cells of the thyroid gland. The cells of the gland are destroyed and replaced by connective tissue, forming scars. This process is accompanied by fibrosis of the thyroid gland.
The body increases the TSH level to establish a system of hormone synthesis. When planning pregnancy, the increase in the rate directly affect the fertilization process. During the pregnancy, this symptom can not be overlooked, because the increase in TSH levels normal.
Autoimmune thyroiditis is very dangerous during pregnancy, as almost 100% of cases leads to placental insufficiency or miscarriage, even in the later stages. To avoid such consequences it is possible, if time to start treatment.
The causes that provoke the emergence of the disease:
- Heredity. If the closest relatives had the disease, the woman immediately falls into a risk group
- The transfer of serious viral infections
- Infectious disease of any severity
- Side effects from certain medications
- The General decrease in immunity and weakness of the body
- Adverse environment
- Aggressive lymphocytes in the bone marrow
- Excessive UV exposure
- Extremely high iodine levels
- Frequent stress and unstable psychological condition in women .
Autoimmune thyroiditis in the first stage takes place without any symptoms. However, there are a number of indirect signs, the aggregate of which it is possible to identify this dangerous disease:
- increase the level of fatigue,
- severe swelling of the limbs,
- discomfort in the neck,
- the feeling of «lump in throat»,
- slight increase thyroid
- inhibited and as slow speech,
- a constant feeling of cold.
The second phase of autoimmune thyroiditis is already characterized by tissue destruction of the thyroid gland. Characteristic symptoms are already pronounced:
- arrhythmia and tachycardia,
- the increase in pressure,
- excessive sweating,
- memory loss and impaired attention,
- a slight trembling of the limbs,
- constipation and indigestion,
- mood swings.
In case of detection of 2 to 3 symptoms, you should immediately consult a medical professional. The disease is treatable. But its development causes harm to the fetus. The earlier the pregnancy, which is diagnosed with autoimmune thyroiditis, the less pathologies can be the future baby.
The development of the pathology
Pregnancy is a process of complete change in the mother’s body. In a woman’s body develops an organism that only half agree with her on the set of genes.
On the background of autoimmune thyroiditis in the pregnant woman raises the risk of developing preeclampsia and eclampsia. To the fetus this disease is dangerous pathologies such as: violation of the laying of the thyroid gland of the child, and congenital hypothyroidism.
Serious complications may appear after pregnancy. The most dangerous of them:
- Difficult parturition, or premature birth
- The emergence of heart disease
- Miscarriage (if the disease has moved into the second phase in the third trimester)
- Congenital hypothyroidism in a child
Treatment of thyroid disorders
Despite the critical impact that thyroid disease is easily treatable. But during pregnancy, the treatment process is complicated by the ban on the use of hormonal drugs and surgery.
All the efforts of doctors during pregnancy focused on the relief of hypothyroidism, with levothyroxine. Additionally assigned to iodine-containing drugs.
It is therefore important to diagnose the disease in advance, in preparation for pregnancy. Especially for women who are at risk. For the treatment of prescribers thyroxine with regular monitoring of TSH levels. Comprehensive, mandatory, vitamins and biological additives (codomain, Potassium iodide, etc.).
For the prevention of disease, administration of iodine-containing drugs can be taken on a regular basis. Especially women who live in the Northern regions, far from the sea.