Abortion statistics in Russia
Forced interruption occurred pregnancy or an abortion – a phenomenon that are valued by society is ambiguous. It can be seen in the medical, religious, psychological and social aspects.
Any modern state seeks to count the frequency of certain processes that have an impact on the lives of the population. That is what statistics are. The number of abortions in Russia and other countries is also subject to statistical counting.
Abortion statistics in the world disappointing. About 60% of pregnancies end in termination for one reason or another. But in terms of aging population, these figures look even starker.
At various levels of government have talked about the need to address the issue of abortion. Attempts were made for legislative consolidation of the ban on abortion. However, today the situation is radically changed. About the problems of this social phenomenon will be discussed in this article.
History of abortion in Russia
In different periods of our country’s development approaches to the prohibition of abortion was varied.In the middle Ages the actions of abortion was punishable by death, cruel torture or long imprisonment. And Kara touched the pregnant woman and the doctor which performed the abortion.
In sources Dating back to pre-revolutionary Russia, there is practically no mention of abortion in health facilities. At the same time was the heyday of illegal abortions. Of course, in fact, the abortion was carried out. But government and society the existence of this phenomenon was not recognized, consistent with the spirit of Christian values.
The legalization of abortion works on the desire of women occurred in 1920, in accordance with the law of Soviet Russia. Allowing the document declared abortion free and free.
In the 30-ies of the last century the right to take actions leading to termination of pregnancy without medical indications, was again limited. Operations were paid. They could not be accomplished for the first time pregnant women and those who had an abortion less than six months ago. During this period, dramatically increased the number of abortions performed outside medical institutions. Increased maternal mortality and the number of infanticides. The law was in effect until 1955.
Only in the mid 50-ies of the persecution of the abortions ceased. Has taken appropriate normative acts, precise regulations which can easily be found in public reference and legal systems. In 1964, the number of abortions in the Soviet Union reached its peak and amounted to more than 5 million
After 1990, the statistics showed a significant decrease in the number of abortions without medical indications. The development of medicine, social and religious promotion of family values, respect for their own health, material support for pregnant women by the state led to the improvement of demographic indicators. The attitude towards abortion in modern Russia, as will be discussed below.
Official abortion statistics in Russia about 1.6 million calls annually produce abortions. 5 every abortion performed minor. About 15% of the operations cause various complications, including the inability to have children. These figures are among the highest in Europe. And anecdotal evidence is even worse. The government can not understand the extent of the problem. In the country again talking about the fact that abortion want to ban.
Whether to ban abortions in Russia? An outright ban, most likely, will not follow. However, indirect attempts have already been made.
Currently, the legal regulation of this issue is carried out in accordance with the Federal law “About bases of health protection of citizens in Russian Federation”. The document provides for the possibility of termination of pregnancy at a woman’s request within 12 weeks of midwifery at the expense of the state Treasury. In later term abortion can be made free of charge if a woman was abused or for other social reasons. For medical reasons an abortion at any term of pregnancy. Paid medical centers are carrying out the manipulation at the client’s request and at his expense. Legislation show a very loyal attitude to abortion.
Over the last few years to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly was introduced several bills aimed against abortion. The most famous prohibitory bill, authored by Elena Mizulina.
The suggestion of the Senator were:
- to exclude this operation from the public health insurance system;
- to ban abortions in private clinics;
- to restrict the sale of medicines for pregnancy termination;
- to oblige the women entering an abortion to undergo a preliminary ultrasound examination.
The Ministry of health, the Ministry of Finance and other sectoral ministries did not support the bill on the prohibition, arguing that it restricts the constitutional rights of women. The decision to reject the document was unanimous and the only correct one.
The Minister of health Veronika Skvortsova also voted against the abortion ban, noting that the problem requires a comprehensive approach and a total ban will not solve it. According to the Minister, the prohibition of abortion will lead to an increase in illegal operations and will exacerbate social tensions, as it will be primarily socially vulnerable categories of citizens.
However, the recently entered into force changes in the legislation providing for the introduction of “days of silence” for women wanting abortion. This period ranges from 2 to 7 days depending on the duration of pregnancy. It is assumed that a woman should rethink her decision. These days it conducted preventive conversations gynecologists. The operation in the same day is illegal.
How effective are these measures, time will tell.
Abortion in Orthodoxy
Abortion or “infanticide”, the Church recognizes a terrible sin. The attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church to abortion has always been sharply negative.
This summer, the Orthodox Church made an appeal on the ban of abortions. The petition, signed by Patriarch Kirill, contained the following provisions:
- government protection of life conceived child already in the womb;
- the ban of assisted reproductive technologies;
- limiting the use of abortive medications;
- financial support for pregnant women in the amount of one subsistence minimum.
The debate in the media showed a high degree of support for the above ideas among the Orthodox population. The petition has collected over 3 000 signatures. Moreover, it was signed by the Grand mufti and the Rabbi of the Russian Federation. However, the proposals of the Patriarch on the prohibition of abortions in Russia is not found further legislative consolidation.
The answer to the question, why not ban abortions is obvious. Historical experience shows that the production of induced abortions is not associated directly with the increase in the birth rate. In an effort to circumvent the ban, women risk their health and life for future posterity, referring to illegal professionals.
The reverse side of the “coin” is the growing number of infanticide, as well as the increase in the number of pupils of orphanages and children’s homes.
The prohibition of abortion means a return to the wild middle Ages and does not correspond to modern realities. This view of the problem exists in our country. Wanting to ban abortion is not enough. You need to change the consciousness of society in favor of the desire to create a family with a healthy numerous offspring.
Global statistics show high figures for abortion in underdeveloped and poor countries, for example Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Venezuela. Although most of them taken official acts on the abolition of abortion. It is ruled by religious norms, are not characterized by their humanism in relation to the woman. The result of such measures are:
- the frightening data on the number of illegal abortions:
- the early mortality of women and children;
- frequent development of genetic diseases and cancer, as well as severe malformations;
- the impoverishment of the population.
The truth is that men prefer to lock up their wives within the four walls and to regulate the issue of replenishment in the family. On the use of contraceptive measures this, of course, is not.
In India, for example, almost every woman has suffered for 3 to 4 abortions. Needless to say about how it affects the health of the nation?
In some countries even banned abortion? Certain restrictions apply in the UK, Ireland, Poland, Finland, Israel, and Japan. Here banned abortion just a women. It should be noted that all this advanced and high-tech countries that do not regard the ban as undemocratic and illegal.
Where abortion is permitted, in particular, in Switzerland, there has been a sharp increase in their number. Aided by numerous administrative barriers such as high cost of the procedure, the refusal of doctors from the production operation without medical indications and others. Data on the number of data manipulations in this country are among the lowest in the world.
Thus, long-term practical experience shows that the complete abolition of legally performed abortion will have more negative consequences. Society is not ready to accept this prohibition. According to opinion polls, 80% of Russia’s population believe that every woman has the right to decide to bear a child or to get rid of it.
Taking the appropriate legal act, the legislator must clearly understand the consequences of the country’s total abortion ban.