Acute vaginitis: causes, symptoms, treatment of the disease
Identify acute vaginitis in women quite often. The disease is provoked by different causes, including infectious, and allergic reactions, effects of mechanical, physical or chemical factors. Immediate treatment in a hospital under the supervision of the attending physician is a must. Untreated, the disease can become chronic vaginitis, when to treat pathogenic flora becomes much more difficult.
The factors causing the disease
The disease can be caused by a sexually transmitted infection from a partner (Trichomonas gonorrhea. gonorrhea, chlamydia). Sometimes mixed infections are diagnosed.
Usually, the disease begins to manifest itself in the reduction of local immunity, when pathogenic microorganisms are constantly present inside the body begin to proliferate. So start vaginitis viral, fungal, caused by E. coli, Proteus, Staphylococcus.
In addition, non-specific bacterial vaginitis can be caused by penetration of pathogens through the blood from different foci of infection. This variant is characteristic for children: for example, the vaginitis may begin when the adenoids or chronic tonsillitis.
Also the acute form can begin in the absence of infection. In this case, the main cause is allergic reaction, interaction with chemical, physical, mechanical irritant.
The main signs of the disease
As a rule, the disease begins suddenly. Certain types of infection there is a period from the moment of infection until the time when begin to appear the first symptoms:
- acute vaginitis provoked by gonorrhea, have an average incubation period of 1-5 days (sometimes up to three weeks);
- vaginitis caused by Trichomonas from 5-14 days;
- vaginitis caused by chlamydia – 5-30 days.
Whatever the causes of acute vaginitis, its symptoms on the one hand similar and on the other – differ from provoking the disease causes.
For acute vaginitis characterized by the following common symptoms:
- discharge from the genital tract have a distinct odor various color, thickness. The yellow color is due to the fact that mucus pus is present. Pinkish hue selection we have, when they are present the red blood cells;
- in the field of the labia and perineum reported itching and irritation;
- the pressure inside the vagina;
- acute pain during intimacy and after graduation, sexual intercourse is sometimes accompanied by bleeding;
- in the abdomen, the lower back pain pulling character;
- burning, discomfort during urine;
- General malaise, fever, weakness.
Symptoms specific to different types of pathogens of acute vaginitis
Symptoms of gonococcal vaginitis is a profuse purulent discharge. Trichomonas vaginitis is characterized by a foam with bubbles of gas discharge with a pungent odor. The distinctive symptoms of fungal vaginitis nature – milky white cheesy plaque on the mucous layers of the vagina. Herpes vaginitis is accompanied by the emergence of the vaginal mucosa vesicles filled with a colorless liquid. Bursting these bubbles will turn into sores. Gradually, the sores heal without leaving scars.
The above symptoms of the disease, allow the gynecologist to make a diagnosis already in the patient’s examination. However, the disease sometimes has mixed the symptoms.
Chronic course of the disease is characterized by multiple relapses. Treatment in such cases is often difficult because of resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial therapy. For this form of the disease characterized by persistent allocation. But the burning, itching bother the woman much less.
Basic methods of treatment of acute vaginitis
Acute vaginitis, whatever their causes, can be successfully treated. The treatment is done in hospital where the patient is under constant observation and, if necessary, the doctor corrects your destination. The treatment begins with a survey that allows to identify the causative agents of disease and its causes. Also analyzed the sensitivity of the female organism to certain drugs.
To isolate, and subsequently to rid the body of pathogens treatment of the patient involves the reception of individually selected antibiotics. It is also recommended to take antifungal or antibacterial drugs.
Practiced local treatment, which includes sitz baths with antiseptic herbal extracts, and irrigation. Applied irrigation of the vagina with a solution of baking soda and then after 25 minutes with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. At the discharge, containing pus, are douching with copper, zinc sulphate.
When treatment of inflammation is complete, proceed to microflora restoration – assigned to probiotic preparations.
Also the healing process is accompanied by the use of tonic, immunomodulatory, and vitamin preparations. Practiced physiotherapy. Women are recommended to follow a low-carb diet. At the time of treatment should abandon sexual life.
At the end of treatment the control of laboratory studies, the results of which must confirm 100% recovery.