At menopause aching joints how to treat
Menopause leads to changes in the body. The decline in reproductive function is associated with changes in women’s life which is not pleasant and can cause a lot of trouble. The General health deteriorates. A woman may constantly feel weak, fatigue, malaise, and also suffer from depression, mood swings, irritability and insomnia.
In addition, menopause may be accompanied by aching muscles. Often in menopause aching joints. What to do in this case, how to treat pain and why they occur, this article will tell.
Causes of joint pain during menopause
Menopause is accompanied by the irreversible processes in the body: a wasting away of the reproductive function, reduced levels of female sex hormones (estrogens). Low production of estrogen may lead to an overall deterioration of health and problems with the nervous system, skin, urinary system. In addition, the lack of estrogen leads to a deficiency of calcium and, as consequence, to a loss of muscle elasticity and primary thinning of bone tissue. Accordingly, muscular aches at menopause, joint pain, and light cramps – a natural result of calcium deficiency. Women often complain of foot pain during menopause and that it is difficult exercise or a long walk. Hormonal imbalance affects the appearance of pain in the lumbar and thoracic spine, knee, wrist and other joints.
If the situation is not brought under control, it could get worse: the woman can develop osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. These diseases in menopause are accompanied by more intense cramps and pain. In addition, women with osteoporosis dramatically increases the risk of fractures and sprains.
There are several kinds of ailments, which are accompanied by joint pain.
Common reason for joint pain during menopause become a so-called hot flashes. These are the States that appear suddenly and as suddenly pass: the woman has fever, increased heart rate, sweating aktiviziruyutsya. Can sore joints during high tides? Doctors say that, Yes. The problem of the tides, and thus joint pain can sometimes be solved with a simple sedative. However, you may need more serious treatment (for example, substitutes of hormones). After successful treatment of the woman’s condition improves: the level of anxiety drops, and headaches and joint pain recede.
If the weight of a woman’s body exceeds normal levels, it may cause joint pain. Women during menopause tend to be overweight, because fat tissue takes over the functions of estrogen production, becoming a kind of substitute for the missing hormone. Extra pounds increase the load on the bones and problems with joints. Obese women often suffer from legs and back. They are hard to climb stairs, Crouch, and perform basic physical work.
The reason for joint pain during menopause can be not only hot flashes, obesity, and other related menopause phenomenon, but serious illness requiring immediate treatment. For example, developing osteoporosis. It is a disease that is associated with the changing structures of the bone tissue. Osteoporosis can develop independently, and may be the result of any inflammatory process.
Bone strength is due to the fact that new cells are formed faster than destroying the old. However, the estrogen deficiency leads to the opposite process: bones become brittle, and the load on the joints increases. Strengthening of the load and leads to pain in the joints and their further destruction.
Osteoporosis develops quietly. This is his main danger. The disease can be activated during menopause when bone is particularly vulnerable, and female body lacks calcium. Women start aching lower back, spine, pelvic bones, cold feet, numbness in the extremities, paresthesia (feeling of pins and needles).
Treatment of osteoporosis is aimed at strengthening bone tissue and overall improvement of musculoskeletal system. To cure osteoporosis completely impossible, but well-chosen drugs and constant monitoring by the doctor can slow its progress and reduce pain symptoms.
Keeping in mind the risk of osteoporosis in menopause, a woman should take care of your health carefully.
Disturbances in hormonal balance during menopause can lead to the development of osteoarthritis. Articular cartilage experiencing high blood pressure, wear down, grow old and are unable to function normally. A consequence of osteoarthritis – stiff and sore joints.
With the progress of the disease, the situation is worsening and may lead to inflammatory processes in the joint, fluid accumulation, and in the worst case – complete loss of mobility of the hands or feet.
Menopause and its consequences have exacerbated the process of degeneration. There is a slowing of collagen and disturbances in protein synthesis. Regeneration processes are inhibited, and the cartilage can not regenerate. Treatment for osteoarthritis should begin immediately, because neglected disease can lead to disability.
If in addition to pain a woman experiences morning stiffness in the movements, notice crunching and clicking in the joints, it must be checked for osteoarthritis.
Symptoms of this disease are similar to deforming osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In the morning, the woman may experience pain in the joints, which often goes to the middle of the day. Sometimes the joint can increase in size due to swelling.
If a woman feels moderate pain in joints during menopause, you can try preventive measures and treatment of folk remedies, analgesics and ointments. As prevention of joint problems you can drink products with calcium.
A woman in menopause need to carefully reconsider your diet. The menu must be fish and dairy products, and whole grains and as many vegetables and nuts.
If the pain becomes intense or is accompanied by other symptoms, and home treatment does not work, you should consult a doctor. To assign an effective treatment, you need to understand the exact cause of joint pain. That’s why you should visit the gynecologist, orthopedist and rheumatologist. The examination may enter a General analysis of blood and evaluation of hormonal status, radiography of the joints and osteodensitometry.
Radiography allows us to see changes in the bones, to detect osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. If required, radiography may be supplemented with MRI or CT.
Osteodensitometry is a special method of diagnosing osteoporosis through bone density measurement.
Treatment of joint pain
What to do if menopause aching joints? Generally, you can resolve persistent pain in joints prescribed hormonal or other specific treatment.
Hormonal treatment regardless of the underlying disease that caused joint pain. Its goal is the correction of hormonal levels at menopause. Gynecologist appoints a woman drugs that contain progesterone or estrogen. They help to delay degenerative processes in the bone tissue due to the compensation of the deficit of female hormones. Hormonal preparations are now very much, and fear of their use is not: properly chosen doctor hormonal therapy (short or long, moderate or intensive) will only benefit. Drugs hormones can be used in the form of tablets or in the form of candles, creams, injections, patches. Therapy – 1 year.
Specific treatment is aimed at restoring the damage. For the treatment of osteoporosis prescribe medicines with vitamin D and calcium. The treatment process is quite lengthy.
For osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and medications with vitamin B. In severe cases, use of corticosteroid drugs.
Osteoarthritis require medications that can stimulate the renewal of cartilage. Such medicines as Arteparon and Rumalon provide the prerequisites for the formation of healthy cartilage. Trental and Chimes improve blood flow and help restore joints. Voltaren, Procaine, Mydocalm and no-Spa reduce inflammation and fight pain.
Inflammation of the joints of the hands treated with physical therapy and compresses. If the pain intensifies, adding manual therapy and anti-inflammatory drugs.
For the treatment of joint pain prescribe ointment analgesic and warming action. Therapy is supplemented by physiotherapy. Shows massage and medical gymnastics.
What the woman is experiencing joint pain during menopause? First, to identify the cause of pain. Secondly, the medication to resolve it. At the same time, should pay attention to food and lifestyle in General. Food should be enriched with vitamins, but it should not lead to obesity. Not necessarily sit on a strict diet, but the fat composition and the amount of servings should be very carefully monitored.
Doctors recommend not only exercise therapy after menopause, but also yoga and other gentle forms of physical activity. The woman should drink vitamin complexes with calcium and carefully protect their health, because the body in this period requires especially careful attitude.