Back pain before menstruation, the reasons why you pulling back

The most common pain before menstruation are pain in the lower back. These feelings are more than 80% of women who have reached the age of sexual maturity. As shown by medical statistics, with this type of pain often experienced more nulliparous girls. In fact, in women before menstruation the pain is in the abdominal area and radiates to the lumbar region, because of which women complain that the back starts to ache and hurt.

Causes of lower back pain


Back pain before menstruation occurs when there is a violation of the outflow of blood from the uterus. This condition can be many reasons, which are described below. Pain can be natural causes and pathological. In any case it is better to consult the doctor, because the pain medicine will not eliminate the causes of pain, and only removes the pain.
The table below shows the most common condition that can cause pain in the lumbar area. Most often, these pains are of a drawing character.

Reasons Description
The increase in the number of neurotransmitters and prostaglandins These agents naturally act on uterine activity and thus reflect the pain in the lower back. Typically, the amount of these substances increases during oocyte maturation and just before menstrual bleeding.
The contraction of the muscles of the uterus This creates tension in the pelvis.
Hypersensitivity and idiosyncrasy of physiological processes There are women whose bodies are rapidly responds to natural processes.
Fluid retention and tissue swelling This is due to the natural release of hormones and disruption of the water balance, that is, the liquid does not excreted from the body.
Genetic predisposition If any of the relatives on the female part suffered from such pain, then more likely they will be transferred to the younger generation.
Incorrect position of the uterus It can be deflected from a natural position back, to have a bend or curvature. It affects the nerve endings and causes pain in the lower back, abdomen or sacrum.
The underdevelopment of the uterus When the two-horned uterus in the period before the monthly menstrual bleeding can be a pain in the lower back.
Inflammatory processes in the uterus, ovaries or tubes Salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis caused by various pathogenic microorganisms. So you need to remember and to undergo annual gynecological examinations and to pass the required tests.
Intrauterine device IUD insertion causes increased contraction of the uterus before menstruation.
Malignant or benign tumors in the uterus Fibroids, polyps, fibroids, cysts and sarcoma. When the removal of tumors pain fade away.
Changes in hormonal background Deficiency or overabundance of certain hormones (mostly progesterone and estrogen). With age, the amount of the hormone estrogen increases, which leads to heavy and painful condition before menstruation. You may need to consult an endocrinologist if the pain syndrome added a sleep disorder, nausea and abnormal decrease/increase in weight.
Infections and sexually transmitted diseases and urogenital system Many STIs cause pain before menstruation, as the formation of adhesions in the reproductive organs and this in turn hinders the flow of blood and can cause infertility.
Ovulation The average release of an egg from the ovary occurs 14 days before menstruation, but can vary in the big or smaller party. Often ovulation can be painful. This may be due to physiological peculiarities of the female body.
Premenstrual symptom (PMS) Appear a week before menstruation and is accompanied by headache, irritability, increased appetite, tenderness, and breast enlargement, troubled sleep and lethargy, skin rashes, increase in body temperature, increase or decrease in libido.
Pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy If there were cases of unprotected intercourse, then you need to do a pregnancy test, since at very small time pregnancy can be confused with PMS. If the test is positive, then you need to get an ultrasound to make sure that the pregnancy is uterine. Also you experience the following symptoms: missed period, frequent urination, intestinal disorders, small amount of discharge with blood, increase in basal temperature, change in taste, increased salivation, aversion to odors of different nature. Typically, these problems occur when the hypertonicity of the uterus, placental abruption or ectopic pregnancy.
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If a woman suffers from strong lumbar pain prior to the monthly menstrual bleeding, you should consult a doctor and identify the cause of pain. You need to pass a comprehensive examination, which will include:

  • a survey of women regarding the nature of pain, the power of manifestation, painful sensations from female relatives and the like;
  • inspection on the gynecological chair;
  • the capture of smears on flora, Cytology and sexually transmitted infections;
  • an ultrasound examination;
  • a blood test for hormones.

After the physician together with the patient identify the reason that causes back pain, will be offered ways to relieve tenderness before menstruation.

Elimination of the pain


If the doctor during the examination will reveal any pathological condition of the reproductive system, when addressing them will be held and pain in the lumbar region. So medical treatment or surgery amenable inflammatory processes, PMS, sexually transmitted infections, malignant or benign masses, normalization of hormonal background, ectopic pregnancy and the actual uterine pregnancy, malformations of the uterus.

If it turns out that the causes of pain are:

  • heredity;
  • the natural increase of prostaglandins and neurotransmitters;
  • insertion of intrauterine device;
  • intolerance to natural processes and low pain threshold;
  • fluid retention and tissue swelling;
  • uterine activity;
  • ovulation.

Then the elimination of the pain in the lumbar region can help receive pain medication (analgesics and antispasmodics). This is the most known method of treatment of pain, which pulls back strongly before menstruation.

Not all women know that to relieve pain in the lower back by using a doctor of osteopathy, which will eliminate the pain with massage movements. Intense stroking and rubbing can relieve pain by yourself at home.

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Other recommendations to relieve pain are to drink plenty of warm fluids, flow of heat to the pain (heating pad, a bottle with warm water), bed rest, vitamins and sedatives.

Menstruation is a natural process that occurs with every woman reaches the age of puberty. He is accompanied by various changes in the internal organs and muscles, as well as changes in hormonal levels. This physiological process may lead to pain in the lumbar region, which are not pathological.

However, if pain takes severe discomfort, you should consult a gynecologist who will identify the cause and suggest its elimination. Systemic administration of painkillers could only blunt the phenomenon when a sore lower back before menstruation and thereby aggravate the situation. Better to be safe than to neglect this problem.