Bloating in women after 40, causes

Many women with age start to notice an increase in the abdomen in size, despite good nutrition and absence of pregnancy. Strenuous exercise and diets do not always help to cope with this problem. Why growing belly in women? The causes can be heredity, endocrine pathology, age-related changes or diseases of internal organs.

The main reasons for the growth of the stomach, observed at different ages in women:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • unhealthy lifestyle (unhealthy diet, low physical activity, bad habits, stress);
  • hormonal disorders (pregnancy, premenstrual period, menopause, thyroid disease, metabolic disorders);
  • metabolic syndrome;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (bloating and violations of the chair, enteropathy, irritable bowel syndrome);
  • ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity);
  • tumors of internal organs.


Why growing belly in women? Many have heard about the concept of “Constitution”. It is a certain physique of the human body is genetically programmed by nature. The girl may be folded in the male and the female. If the type of shape women, body fat is deposited evenly, the most accumulating on the hips and back. If the type of shape men, first the fat, the wrinkles begin to show on the abdomen that can occur after 30 years.

Wrong way of life

The most common cause of fat deposition in the abdominal area becomes malnourished. Copious amounts of fatty and fried foods, increased intake of carbohydrates leads to the formation of body fat, and a belly like a pregnant woman. Strongly growing belly may be formed when food “dry rations”, the offset of meal times in the second half of the day. This leads to and a hearty dinner at a fairly modest Breakfast and lunch. Distended belly often appears after drinking large amount of fiber, especially legumes.

Sedentary lifestyle, work related to mental work or physical activity, passive recreation in their free time – all this leads to the appearance of cellulite begins to grow a belly. Contribute to body fat improper exercise, when the emphasis is on training the heart muscle in the cardio zone and not spend a lot of time to strength training. The growing belly makes it hard to move, wear the usual clothing that does not fit at the waist.

The stomach can bloat from bad habits such as Smoking and alcohol consumption. There is a perception that Smoking leads to lower body mass, so women wonder why a growing belly. When inhaled, nicotine is a metabolic disorder that leads to body fat. To increase the stomach size the intake of alcohol, which is a high-calorie drink and leads to accumulation of fat in tissues.

Hormonal changes

Changes in hormone levels can occur during pregnancy, before menses or in women after 40 years in menopause. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the uterus increases in size, pain in lower abdomen. Why growing belly in women in this period? The reasons may be the reduction of motility, slowing of evacuation of food, increase absorption, the occurrence of constipation and increased flatulence.

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To correct treatment is necessary to seek the assistance of a gynecologist, endocrinologist, who will check the level of sex hormones and, if necessary, prescribe corrective treatment. A gastroenterologist will help to cope with stool disorders and dyspeptic symptoms. Food for constipation should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of fluids during the day. Flatulence, on the contrary, it is necessary to limit the acceptance of products, increases peristalsis.

In addition to the physiological causes hormonal changes, can bloat the stomach with endocrine diseases. Metabolism in the human body is regulated by nervous and endocrine systems. For the work of both departments is responsible a small area in the brain – the hypothalamus. In violation of his work there is a change in the regulation of metabolic processes in the body and enhancing the process of fat deposition. Even with a small amount of food the stomach can increase in size.

If the abdomen began to increase in women older than 50 years, then comes menopause. During menopause is the decreased production of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone in a woman’s body that contributes to body fat in the abdominal area. Estrogens in a young body increases the production of thyroid hormone – thyroxine.

With a lack of this hormone in women older than 50, the metabolic rate falls, then hypothyroidism occurs. When the disease slows down cellular metabolism, increased lipid levels, increased body weight. The reason for excess weight can be not only age-related changes, but the primary lesion of the thyroid gland, for example, in autoimmune thyroiditis or moved thyroidectomy.

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Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Why after a meal increases stomach? Colitis or irritable bowel syndrome lead to an increased formation of gases and bloating, the appearance of flatulence. The disease may be accompanied by violations of the chair. Due to the accumulation of gas and feces in the intestines there is a feeling of fullness after eating, stomach bloats, it dramatically increases in size, becomes hard, there is pain in the abdomen.

These diseases cures gastroenterologist, assigning drugs normalize the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. When treatment is necessary to follow a diet to limit intake of foods containing fiber (eat less fruit and vegetables, especially cabbage and legumes). To normalize the flora will help medications containing large amounts of bifidobacteria. The diet should be enriched with yogurt, kefir and other fermented milk products.

The stomach may be inflated with celiac enteropathy. It is an autoimmune disease caused by a hereditary defect of the enzyme that breaks down gluten. In this disease there is a so-called food Allergy to certain foods containing it (bread, pasta, cereals, grains), which upon receipt of the abdomen begins to swell and to ache, become stiff. Most often, the diagnosis is known already at children’s age when starting to introduce solid foods first. Disease help cure diet and enzyme preparations.


In benign or malignant diseases of abdominal cavity organs and retroperitoneal space the affected organ is enlarged, and the abdomen is inflated. In the abdomen begins to accumulate free fluid, which leads to an additional increase of the volume of the stomach.

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In severe cases, there is ascites, which is often associated with ovarian tumors. Ascites can also be caused by severe heart failure with heart disease. It can be congenital or acquired heart diseases or myocardial. This pathology is more common in the elderly.

What to do if you increase in the abdomen?

Abdominal enlargement in size can be quite banal reasons. First need to visit a doctor. You can start with a visit to the therapist, who after examination will prescribe blood tests, ultrasound of internal organs. Once a year, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist to identify ovarian structures, violation of production of female hormones.

You may need a course hormonesensitive therapy. In identifying endocrine disorders, the doctor will schedule a consultation with an endocrinologist, blood sugar and thyroid hormones. With pathology of the gastrointestinal tract will help to cope gastroenterologist. After treatment and examination are completed, you can exercise, enroll in a gym or program practice at home.

A mandatory condition is observance of a diet with restriction of fats and carbohydrates, diet, refusal of harmful habits. Chronic stress may need to consult a psychotherapist or psychologist, the appointment of adaptogens and sedatives.

Any health problem can be solved with careful attention to your body. Timely inspection and treatment helps to prevent serious diseases and to cope with the problem.