Breast engorgement — causes
To unpleasant sensations in the breast cause hormonal changes in the female body in different periods of life. Most often, engorgement, and discomfort of the mammary glands is precisely for this reason. But this symptom can indicate a serious condition. It is necessary to consider at what point of the menstrual cycle you are experiencing these feelings, and also, at what age and state of health.
Swelling of the mammary glands in healthy organism occurs in the following cases:
- in the period of puberty;
- on a certain day of the menstrual cycle (in the second phase and immediately prior to menstruation);
- during pregnancy;
- after birth.
Swelling acts as a symptom of the following pathological conditions:
- of the tumor.
The structure of the breast
The mammary gland is a paired organ, consisting of 15 – 20 lobes. Share surrounded by fatty tissue, separated by connective tissue. Inside each lobe is a duct that is closer to the nipple extends. This extension is designed for the accumulation of milk in lactation. Breast milk is produced in breast tissue, which immediately after the implantation of the ovum begins to grow, and at the end of the breastfeeding undergoes a reverse development. These processes are regulated by hormones of pituitary and hypothalamus – prolactin and oxytocin.
The behavior of the gland in adolescence
Girls entering puberty, the Breasts can develop unevenly, both in appearance and level of pain and swelling.
These processes are alternated from one breast to the other. But as the formation of a stable hormonal girls, both Breasts are taking the same shape and size, stop worrying pain and sense of swelling. They appear only during the premenstrual period.
Breasts during menstrual cycle
Such feelings appear and depending on the day of the menstrual cycle. In the first phase is the development of estrogen, under the influence of which there is a growth of fatty tissue, and the second phase is dominated by the hormone progesterone, causing the growth of glandular tissue. This causes symptoms such as breast engorgement before menstruation that gives some women a lot of inconvenience. Along with swelling and sensitivity in the breast lead to pain of varying degrees.
Changes during pregnancy and after childbirth
The feeling of swelling in the Breasts may begin after 7 – 10 days after fertilization, because from that moment begins to develop intensively the glandular tissue, increases the number of alveoli and the size of them is the preparation for lactation. In the second half of pregnancy starts the secretion of colostrum, and after the birth of the child within three days appears to Mature breast milk. In the first days after birth from the breast is allocated colostrum.
Depending on the amount of produced milk and feeding mode breast may swell very much, so it is recommended time to feed baby, as well as alternate the left breast with the right to provide the possibility of uniform flow and avoiding overflow of the prostate and stagnation of milk.
In any case develops mastitis
If all of them have problems with the timely feeding related to illness of the baby or the mother, as well as in separation of mother and child for some other reason, it is necessary to pump milk at about the same pace as during normal feeding. This should be done carefully, feeling the chest all around, as if pushing the accumulated milk towards the nipple. If pumping is done incorrectly, breast milk remains in the gland gradually accumulates and becomes stagnant. There is a lactose – stagnation of milk in the breast. In the future, when the poor hygiene of feeding, the formation of cracks nipple infection occurs, the breast appears seal – infiltration. Lactose passes into mastitis.
Symptoms of mastitis:
- chest pain,
- redness of the skin over the site of inflammation,
- the increase in body temperature,
- serous or purulent discharge from the nipple.
Treatment includes antibiotics, additional pumping, topically – cold. When complications in the form of an abscess, surgical treatment by opening and drainage.
What is breast
The feeling of swelling of the breast may occur, a more serious reason – the presence of fibrocystic breast disease. This disease occurs due to hormonal disturbances characterized by proliferation of connective tissue and formation of cysts. Palpation reveals a seal, which can reach the size of a walnut, palpable emptiness.
Specific treatment of mastitis no. Need a monthly close supervision in order to not miss the formation of cancerous tumors and proliferation – cell multiplication. According to the testimony used hormonal drugs. Pain pain medications are assigned.
The most dangerous disease of the breast is a malignant tumor. Visually it can be detected if the patient’s chest has an asymmetrical shape, the skin at the site of the tumor hyperemic, there is a symptom peel. In addition to the swelling, a woman feels discomfort, and in more severe cases the pain. Like any other type, breast cancer requires early diagnosis to prevent further development and metastasis. Diagnosis is mandatory mammography and biopsy, most often to obtain material for the study used the method of puncture.
The habit of modern women is self-care and monitoring their own health, but still a large percentage of those who forget to visit their doctors in terms of prevention. Apply only at the time when it is very bad feeling.
In order to extend its life and enjoy it, you need to follow a few rules:
- Regularly visit the gynecologist.
- To conduct a breast examination on their own.
- To lead a healthy lifestyle.
The chest is located in the vicinity, so every woman will not be difficult to examine it yourself.
To preserve the health and beauty of the breast is important is the correct choice of underwear, it must not pinch, but much too free is not worth buying. The bra is chosen to size – take into account the volume of the thorax. When putting on a bra is necessary to correct the breast by hand to any details it is not squeezed, the bone falling on the glandular part.
Upon detection of at least a small seal, feeling an unnatural swelling, discomfort, or pain, you should immediately consult a specialist and undergo a complete examination.