Cancer of the vagina, tumor vaginal cancer

Cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases known these days. There are primary and secondary cancer of the vagina. Primary is diagnosed in 1-2% of cases risk group – women 50 – 60 years. Fix more often metastatic, malignant neoplasms come from the body of the cervix. It is known that radiation treatment of the pelvis cancer of other sites several times increases the risk of tumors in the vagina.


Treatment options:

  • radiation treatment;
  • surgery.

Chemotherapy is used at an early stage, as it loses effectiveness when heavy defeats. The choice of method will depend on the stage of the pathological process.

Risk group

Doctors have not yet been able to establish why developing vaginal cancer. Of the opinion that the disease is caused by papilloma virus. Statistics proves that there is a link between malignant tumors in the cervix and vagina.

Belonging to a risk group is determined by the following factors:

  1. old age;
  2. cervical cancer;
  3. the vaginal dysplasia (precancerous disease).

Up to 20% of child bearing women have suffered the effects of diethylstilbestrol, cancer of the vagina.

The primary symptoms

The disease most often affects either the rear wall or the lower third of the body. Manifestations:

  • pain during sex;
  • watery colorless discharge;
  • the appearance of blood in the urine and the stool;
  • bloody or watery separation after sex;
  • bleeding in menopause.

To detect cancer at an early stage is difficult, the disease is not manifested. The first symptoms are fixed, when education grow significantly. Women pay attention to the appearance of whiter and of lymph from the vagina, and only then turning to the doctor. If timely treatment to the doctor did not happen and the disease continues to develop, fix:

  1. severe pain in the sacrum, the groin area;
  2. problems with urination, defecation;
  3. swelling of the lower extremities (with the defeat of the lymph nodes and the violation of the lymph drainage).
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At first, cancer of the vagina looks like a tiny ulcer. Gradually the induration in the vicinity of the nidus, formed lumps. The area is easily injured, does not stop the bleeding. Around problem areas is formed of a solid roller. At this stage the disease can be detected during gynecological examination.

Diagnosis

Hardly suspected vaginal cancer, visit your doctor. Doctors prescribed range of tests, which establish a precise diagnosis. The typical situation is detected when the tumor is in the vagina only in the gynecological examination.

Used in the diagnosis methods:

  1. gynecological examination;
  2. biopsy of the suspicious area with histological examination of the material.

To detect metastatic cancer is cystoscopy, excretory urography, computed tomography.

Varieties of the disease

There are 4 stages of the disease:

  • Stage I – the tumor does not extend outside the vagina;
  • Stage II – the tumor affects okolovrusno fiber;
  • Stage III – the tumor extends to the pelvic wall;
  • Stage IV – the tumor affects the pelvic organs (bladder, rectum, uterus and appendages).

With the appearance of distant metastases it sets the stage IV any size tumor.

Medical observations have shown, if the cancer patient is treated and survives in the next five years, the chances of recurrence are close to zero. In this situation it is safe to talk about the convalescence of the patient. Five-year survival is a term coined by doctors in the background of this observation.

Reasons

The exact cause of science at the moment is unknown. Formulated a number of assumptions, identified according to specific factors. However, there are cases of cancer in women, far from risk.

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In the XX century up to the 80s under reduced estrogen, diabetes pregnant women took diethylstilbestrol. It was considered that the drug prevents miscarriage. Installed, taking the drug dramatically increases the risk of developing clear cell cancer, and not only mothers, but also daughters. 20% underwent therapy develop cancer of the breast or vagina.

The risk of cancer following a precancerous disease. To detect the influence of background processes in which normality persists, mitotic division occurs correctly, but the tissue undergoing malignant changes.

Background of violations:

  1. cervical erosion;
  2. polyps;
  3. dysplasia of the vagina

There are the following precancerous lesions:

  1. HPV infection;
  2. kraurosis;
  3. leukoplakia;
  4. injury;
  5. problems of a hormonal background;
  6. age-related involutive changes.

In the risk group include women:

  • youth with multiple partners;
  • smokers;
  • taking oral contraceptives with high estrogen content;
  • use of the Navy.

Except as described pre-cancer, the probability of oncological processes, if the woman underwent irradiation of the cervix (the cancer treatment). This is due to DNA damage of the cells of the vagina.

Benign tumors

Not always a tumor of vagina malignant. Another thing is that some benign tumors can degenerate into carcinoma. While the malignant cells appear within the existing tumor. Process asymptomatic. Finding a lump in the vagina, you need to urgently visit a gynecologist.

Causes of benign tumors are numerous, but most development occurs because of an injury received in childbirth. On the tissue be swellings, scars, developing into pathology.

Studies have shown that in 3% of cases there is degeneration of benign tumors into malignant. Prevents the degeneration of tumor control hormonal levels. Correct functioning of the endocrine system reduces the risk. Responsible approach helps to reduce the risk of cancer of the vagina.