Cystitis during pregnancy: treatment and symptoms

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. The disease is not insured, neither for men nor women. Cystitis during pregnancy is a common phenomenon that occurs at any time from conception to the birth. On average, women cystitis occurs more often than representatives of a strong half of mankind. The reason is the specificity of the structure of the urinary organs. Female urination canal is shorter and wider, which allows bacteria to get into the bladder and thereby cause disease.

Cystitis – a disease which is characterized by recur, become chronic. It is therefore very important to timely identify the disease and cure. Especially dangerous is cystitis during pregnancy in the early stages.

Microorganisms getting into the bladder provokes an inflammatory process. In the result the bladder is not completely emptied, the inflammation. Pathogenic bacteria enter the body of the fetus along with nutrients. Develops fetal infection, and the child may be born prematurely, with physical and mental disabilities.

Symptoms

For cystitis is characterized by:

  • frequent urination;
  • burning or pain when urinating;
  • pain over the bosom.

The pain is often felt in the lower back and taken for a sign of threatened miscarriage.

An important symptom of the disease – frequent urination at night. The urine is often found in the blood. Sometimes, cystitis occurs completely asymptomatic, it can be defined only after urine test and bacterial culture on special media.

The big mistake is to confuse cystitis with urethritis. Urethritis inflammation of the urethra. Urethritis is manifested in the form of a burning sensation during urination, feeling the pain. Often these two diseases go together, weighting the condition of the expectant mother.

The symptoms of acute cystitis:

  1. Severe pain during urination.
  2. Intolerable burning sensation when emptying the bladder.
  3. The urine becomes very turbid containing blood or mucus.
  4. Incontinence.
  5. The increase in body temperature.

Moreover, if blood or mucus is found in the first portion of rental analysis, it is likely not a cystitis, and urethritis — inflammation of the urethra. The cause of blood in urine may be a tumor. In this case, you must immediately contact a doctor-urologist.

In acute cystitis, inflamed mucous membrane of the bladder. Even if symptoms are mild, you should not delay and urgently address to the doctor. Every person needs to understand that early treatment prevents the transition of cystitis in the chronic form of the disease.

The chronic form of cystitis is the most common disease of the urinary bladder. Risk factors for development of chronic cystitis:

  1. failure to comply with the rules of intimate hygiene;
  2. refusal of condom use and infection of STIs.
  3. regular urinary retention;
  4. acute diseases and exacerbation of chronic disease, resulting in lower immunity;
  5. inflammatory diseases of the vagina and cervix;
  6. hypothermia.

Forced urinary retention leads to a loss of normal functioning of the bladder muscles. However, chronic cystitis can be without any serious reasons related to the infection. At risk aged people and women during pregnancy. During this period, there are hormonal changes in the body, reduced immunity, which inevitably leads to the development of the disease and its complications.

Comparative characteristics of acute and chronic forms of cystitis are presented in the table:

Form and sign Acute cystitis Chronic cystitis
The increase in body temperature To 38 degrees and above Not marked
Pain and burning sensation when urinating Always Rarely
Frequent urination Always Very often
Pain in the lower abdomen above the vagina Often Rarely, moderately expressed
Urinary incontinence Often Rarely
Blood and pus in the urine Often Determined only by laboratory tests

Women even outside of pregnancy get cystitis more often than men. The main route of infection:

  1. the upward path (through the urethra);
  2. the downward path (via the kidneys);
  3. through the blood of other infectious diseases.

Cystitis occurs at any time of the year. Most often it is associated with hypothermia, to hygiene, mode of urination.

Cystitis and pregnancy

Inflammation can appear both in early pregnancy and late. The primary cause of disease – a physiological decrease in immunity and hormonal imbalance. All of this violates urination, leads to stagnation of urine creates favorable environment for microbial growth. At the first symptoms of cystitis in pregnancy, the treatment is carried out urgently. Otherwise, the infection can lead to intrauterine pathology of the fetus, miscarriage or premature birth. With the development of the first symptoms of the disease should immediately consult a doctor.

Diagnosis

Cystitis is manifested by pain in the abdomen, which is reduced only after urination and increases again after filling. Burning, itching in the genital area, sharp pain during urination can also be symptoms of cystitis. While the urine becomes turbid, and sometimes you can see blood and mucus.

The attending physician will make the inspection and send the patient for an examination, which includes:

  1. General analysis of blood
  2. The General analysis of urine.
  3. Bacteriological culture of urine.
  4. Ultrasound.
  5. The cystoscopy.

According to the results of research physician will prescribe a course of therapy. Only that he needed to put the correct diagnosis, and only then to determine how to treat cystitis during pregnancy and how to treat cystitis during pregnancy.

Treatment

How to treat cystitis when pregnant? Today, developed many effective drugs. Their peculiarity is that the components of the medication are concentrated only at the site of infection, it increases the effectiveness of treatment for cystitis, and at the same time reduces the risk of the impact of medication on the fetus and the overall health of a woman.

Modern drugs unlike the previous generation of drugs aimed at eliminating the bacteria directly into the urinary tract. The drug penetrates into the area of the infection, kills her there, and practically does not affect the state of adjacent organs.

With modern drugs it has become possible to reduce additional drug load on the organism of the pregnant woman and to increase the effectiveness of treatment several times. As example, the drug Monurol that is assigned in the complex with UHF, inductothermy, in compliance with special home treatment, diet.

Folk remedies for the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women

When the pills are not possible for several reasons (e.g., Allergy, hypersensitivity to the drug component) to help a pregnant woman comes to alternative medicine.

To remove micro-organisms provoking disease of the bladder, you can use the diuretic and anti-inflammatory medicinal herbs, horsetail, marigold, yarrow, St. John’s wort, diuretics of various fees that apply in parallel with the medical treatment of the disease.

Prevention methods

To minimize the probability of occurrence of the disease during pregnancy, a woman should:

  1. To reduce the level of stress;
  2. To adjust the diet.
  3. Diet: focus on fresh vegetables and fruits, the rejection from hot, spicy and salty foods.
  4. Consume at least 2 liters of fluid per day (priority berry fruit drinks and herbal teas).
  5. Not to SuperCool.
  6. Abandon tight-fitting clothes.
  7. Observe the rules of personal hygiene, using special tools.

Tips

Remember: cystitis during pregnancy can cause virtually any infection. Therefore it is necessary to visit the dentist, move more, less nervous, eat more vegetables and fruits, often drink tea, juices, thus to prevent disease and reduce the risk of complications.

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