During menstruation headache: causes and what to do

Women are regularly confronted with this problem as PMS. This term is understood as a violation of the menstrual cycle, accompanied by unpleasant and painful sensations in the abdomen and loins, redness and rashes on the face and incomprehensible mood swings just before my period.

Many ladies in addition to the other symptoms during menstruation and in front of them a bad headache. How to understand that headache just before the arrival of menstruation, and not for any other reason? What is migraine and why it occurs before menstruation? Why some women faced with this problem? And what to do when a headache?

Signs of headache during menses

Before menstruation headache more than 60% of women. The reason for that is PMS (premenstrual syndrome). It starts for 5 – 7 days before menstruation. But it is worth noting that not all of it ends with the arrival of menstruation. Often this discomfort persists until the complete cessation of menstrual flow.

There are a number of symptoms, which can determine that the pain associated with the upcoming menstrual cycle:

  • throbbing pain;
  • the pain is worse;
  • gives the eye.

In parallel there is other evidence of PMS:

  • causeless changes of mood;
  • increased sensitivity to “normal” life.
  • jumps in blood pressure;
  • pain in the milk glands;
  • dizziness, nausea, sometimes vomiting;
  • frequent and severe sweating of the palms;
  • lack of appetite or changes in preferences;
  • malfunction of the stomach and intestines;
  • painful sensations in the heart;
  • drowsiness or, conversely, insomnia;
  • depression;
  • puffiness of the extremities and face;
  • chest pain;
  • pain throughout the body;
  • General weakness.

To this day, unknown reasons for the changes in the female body, and is still under review.

Causes headaches before menstruation

Not every woman suffers from PMS. Why do some ladies not familiar with such unpleasant sensations, while others experience severe headache?

Violation of water-salt balance

Shortly before the start of the menstrual cycle in a woman’s body significantly increases the level of female steroid hormones estrogen, because of which the liquid begins to linger. In the result of swollen limbs, face and even brain tissue. Once swollen, some areas of the brain appear aching pain in the occipital and parietal parts.

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Hormones are raging

In the female body during ovulation hormones responsible for pregnancy and childbearing, it becomes dramatically more. In the middle of a cycle marks the peak of the luteinizing hormone then enhances the production of progesterone. Menses occur when fertilization has not occurred, and the amount of progesterone falls again. Such changes can cause severe headaches.

The older a woman is, the greater the likelihood of headaches caused by menstruation. As a rule, after the age of 40 the female body that produce all the same hormones that is not too elastic enough vessels. In this regard, the pressure increases, and the headaches begin in the occipital and parietal region.


Part of the fairer sex are faced with the headaches and ordinary days, and during PMS, they just increase and increase. Often the reason for this is migraine. Some signs to recognize:

  • pain suffers more than 4 hours (sometimes several days);
  • the pain becomes unbearable and throbbing;
  • nausea, sometimes vomiting;
  • hypersensitivity to light, sound and strong smell;
  • the pain is usually localized in one part of the head (left or right).

If you suspect a migraine is necessary to address to the expert to assign a special treat. Such issues are handled by a neurologist.

The body is able to get used to everything. Therefore, the longer a woman takes hormonal contraceptives, the less likely she is faced with the headaches.

Emotional instability

In the period of menstruation women often experiencing irritation, often gnawing sense of guilt, or even depression. Because of all these experiences and often get headaches. As soon as the menstruation is over, ladies notice how nice and pleasant life, after which the pain left.


In osteochondrosis of the spine undergoes some changes as a result blood vessels and nerve fibers are clamped in one or several places. Because of this, the blood and oxygen to the brain receives insufficient amount of. During menstruation the female body gives all the power to other processes, and nutrition for the brain receives much less. Because of the lack of substance comes starvation, and marked throbbing headaches.

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Cause pain in the head is the same as osteochondrosis – the lack of oxygen in the brain. In anemia the number of cells responsible for transporting oxygen much lower. The period of menstruation requires more oxygen than usual, so there is a failure, and headache.

Treatment of headaches during menstruation

All the discomfort associated with menstruation should not cause negative associations. You can use simple methods for getting rid of headaches and relieve tension.


The easiest and most common way to overcome soreness is to take a pill. Experts recommended several drugs:

  1. Nurofen;
  2. Ketorol;
  3. No-Spa;
  4. Papaverine.

It is important to know is any treatment of migraine, including medication, is only available on prescription.

Essential oils

If you often have to deal with the headaches, it is in stock you should always have lavender oil, mint, sandals, rosemary or eucalyptus. A few drops added to hot water, which further needed some with covered head with a towel.

Helps light massage of the temples with the use of oils. Just a few minutes of such manipulations help to get rid of painful sensations. Don’t forget to inhale the vapors. The procedure is not only to cope with a headache and does not rise temperature or pressure.

Cold therapy

Enough to fill a hot water bottle with cold water and hold his forehead for 15 – 20 minutes. The cold will help to overcome headache.


It is very important to watch the diet. Consumed foods directly affect the state of the body, especially during menstruation. For this reason just before and during a cycle it is better to abandon certain foods:

  • any seasoning;
  • offal (lungs, liver, etc.);
  • sausages;
  • firm cheeses;
  • strong tea (black/green – does not matter);
  • dairy products;
  • beef and pork in any form.
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Some products can be consumed in small quantities, especially during the attack of headache:

  • potatoes;
  • semolina;
  • white bread;
  • corn;
  • any kind of pasta.

Required to use for the entire period of menstruation:

  • sesame seed;
  • walnut;
  • chicken fillet (without skin);
  • all kinds of fresh vegetables;
  • vegetable oil;
  • cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal and millet);
  • black or brown bread.

The diet is quite simple, and to comply with do not need to exert much effort. And as a result monthly, not accompanied by a headache and without an increase in blood pressure.

Prevention of headaches

It is easier to prevent disease than to treat it is for anybody not a secret. And for this you need to observe some rules:

  1. To observe the mode of work and relaxation (be sure to take breaks during work to warm-up and rest).
  2. To give up all bad habits.
  3. To adhere to proper nutrition.
  4. Before going to bed, ventilate the room.
  5. To allocate to sleep at least 7 hours a day.
  6. Every day to breathe fresh air.
  7. Every disease (including colds) promptly treated.
  8. To avoid stressful situations.
  9. Not to neglect vitamin and mineral complexes.
  10. To allocate at least 15 minutes a day on sports (yoga or light exercise).

Many women want to know why headache before menstruation or during them. To deal with the problem as it occurs, using different methods. And you can forget about the problem for a long time, changing your lifestyle to give more attention to sports, sleep and healthy eating.