Endometriotic cyst right ovary: if you want to remove, surgery, symptoms
The formation of cysts most vulnerable women faced with failures in the menstrual cycle, which sometimes leads to the phenomenon of endometriotic cyst of the ovary. This neoplasm is often referred to as «chocolate». The reason is that it is filled with pus and products of the organization of menstrual blood, characterized by brown color. Other features of such cysts should also include an elongated shape, uneven thickness, and also size, reaching 12 cm in diameter. The tumor may appear not only in the internal part of the body, but also on its outer wall.
The development of the pathology
The most common endometriotic cyst of the right ovary. The main danger of the disease is that before menstruation the size of the cyst gradually increase, and the walls become more thin and weak, that may cause rupture. Getting content into the abdominal cavity threatens the development of peritonitis.
The presence of cysts affects the condition of the female body. Under pressure from neoplasms disturbed folliculogenesis. Abnormal development of eggs causes a lack of the ability to further fertilization. There is also the likelihood of other cysts of smaller size, disruption of bowel and bladder.
To avoid negative consequences, you need to understand the reasons for the development of endometriotic cyst and to properly respond to any signs of its appearance.
The main causes of the disease
Among the factors causing the disease, experts distinguish the penetration of the endometrial cells on the ovaries and fallopian tubes. This is possible in the process of menstruation. Cells migrated from the blood and may linger in places and environment that are not appropriate for their normal future development.
The endometrium can be transferred to the surgical process. Therefore, the cyst quite often is a consequence of the performed abortion, surgical procedures and implementation of a number of procedures related to the treatment of gynecological diseases.
Doctors distinguish other causes that may provoke pathological processes. These include:
- genetic failures;
- chronic sexually transmitted diseases;
- disorders in the adrenal glands and other failures in work of endocrine organs;
- the weakening of the immune system;
- unnatural decrease or increase in the level of female hormones;
- frequent stress;
- inflammatory processes in the body;
- illiterate use of contraceptives;
- improper diet and lifestyle, far from the norm.
To ensure smooth functioning of the reproductive organs, should pay due attention to the General condition and care of the creation of optimal conditions for life. If avoiding disease is not managed, in the shortest possible time should be provided proper treatment (medication or laparoscopy).
The diagnosis of «endometrial cyst of the ovary» can only be qualified after a full examination of women and the implementation of a series of tests. Before you call for help to the gynecologist, you need to understand what symptoms may indicate the presence of tumors.
This disease practically does not manifest itself in the early stages of its development. According to the statistics, the presence of the cysts is predominantly in situations when a woman cannot conceive a child and visits a doctor to determine the cause of the situation.
If we were to look at the cyst, had time to Mature, that it exists let me know the following symptoms:
- severe pain in the lower abdomen, which may even give in the lower back and sides;
- abnormally painful menstruation, accompanied by profuse bleeding;
- disruptions in the menstrual cycle;
- weakness, nausea.
Women, faced with the formation of cysts, can occur periodic fainting. Also, there was a failure in the digestive system. Between periods and sometimes there is discharge of brown color which does not deliver special inconveniences.
If after the tumor ripens completely and its size becomes large enough, it was not provided with proper treatment, these symptoms begin to manifest is much stronger. And it affects not only physical health, but also on the psychological condition of women.
An experienced gynecologist can establish the presence of cysts in the process of a simple survey. But before prescribe treatment, it is recommended that additional passage of ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
Alternatively, applied magnetic resonance imaging. The obtained results allow us to determine whether laparoscopy or medical treatment.
Stages of formation of the cyst
Like any other tumor, endometrioid cyst goes through several stages of development. Each has different symptoms, so treatment will be different. This confirms the fact that the removal is not the only measure by which we may cope with the illness.
Experts identify a total of 4 stages of development of such cysts.
Effective treatment of: common methods
Choosing the appropriate treatment, the specialist is in search of solutions that can eliminate the violation of the integrity of internal organs and the need for complex operations. At a certain moment to avoid deleting fails. And it depends on the following factors:
- the degree of development of cyst;
- its size;
- the existing risks.
Sometimes the only way out is that laparoscopy, and sometimes it is enough to choose the right and effective range of medicines. Not the last role is played and causes of tumors. After all, if he was provoked venereal diseases or disorders in the endocrine system, is required to begin to troubleshoot these failures.
If you want to realize the treatment of cyst of the left or only the right ovary, it may well be enough of special preparations:
- oral contraceptives;
- injection, exerting a blocking effect on the pituitary gland;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- antianxiety drugs, etc.
Also requires regular intake of vitamins and minerals. This helps to strengthen the immune system and positively affects the ability of body to resist diseases.
Proper treatment should include a change of lifestyle. If the reasons for the formation of the cyst was due to poor diet and constant stress, even laparoscopy will not help to avoid the development of tumors. And in such situations you often need to produce not only remove the cysts, but also organs of the female reproductive system.
The selection of appropriate formulations should be made only after a comprehensive assessment of the status of the female body. And the role not only the size of tumors and the typical symptoms, but the possible reaction of the organism to certain funds.
You need to carefully consider the likelihood of allergic reactions. Some remedies are contraindicated for people who have diseases of the liver and kidneys. And without exception, all drugs that contain a substance derived from progesterone, cannot be used by women during pregnancy. They are contraindicated in the presence of such problems as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy.
If we talk about antidepressants and sedatives, the use of this procedure helps to cope with stressful situations and avoid nervous tension.
A special operation involving the removal of the cyst from the right or left ovary, can be performed using one of several methods:
- laparoscopic enucleation;
- wedge resection of the ovary;
Regardless of which method was chosen by the technician and what is the size of the tumor, before surgery the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal therapy. After obtaining the desired result is removal of the cyst from the left, right or both ovaries. Next, we need again to resort to the use of hormones. Additionally, the patient has to visit a number of physiotherapeutic procedures.
All this allows us not just to properly prepare the body for laparoscopy or other surgery, but also to avoid complications in the future: inflammation, re-development of a similar neoplasm.
Modern experts are trying to eliminate the need for surgical removal of the cyst. After all any operation carries certain risks. To make a choice in favor of the implementation of laparoscopic enucleation (organ-preserving surgery) is recommended when risk of infertility in women.
In other cases, it is necessary to prefer the wedge resection of the ovary or ovarectomy. Such situations are associated with neoplasms, the size of which is quite large. Also such removal is true for representatives of the fair half of mankind who do not plan to have children.
Cyst and pregnancy
Among the urgent issues that constantly arise in women, you can highlight the compatibility of cyst this kind of pregnancy.
The best option is the fertilization of an egg in a perfectly healthy body, is not subject to any changes and pathological processes. Therefore, when planning pregnancy, it is recommended to always pass a comprehensive examination and to treat identified illnesses. But what to do if the fruit has started to develop and only after that future mother learned of the defeat of the left or right ovary?
Experts in the field of gynecology are numerous disputes regarding the effect of cyst on the process of carrying a child. According to them, a small cyst should not be a serious cause for concern. This statement is relevant only if constant supervision by a doctor and perform all of its recommendations.
If we consider the conduct of laparoscopy during pregnancy, it should be noted that such interference is highly undesirable. Even with the presence of small tumors and the most accurate manipulation, to completely eliminate damage of the ovary did not succeed. A similar condition of that organ in the period of gestation is unacceptable.
In total, endometrial ovarian cyst and pregnancy is quite compatible concepts. The cases, when a woman in this state was carrying a perfectly healthy child and did not face even with minimal difficulties are quite common.
A completely different approach is required in situations involving the inability of women to get pregnant. If the cause is just a cyst exerting undue pressure on the ovaries, laparoscopy is inevitable. Do not be afraid of this procedure, as competent, through a laparoscopy eliminates the need for lengthy rehabilitation and to exclude low complications.
Special attention deserves the fact that the endometrial cyst is not able to disappear or dissolve by itself. Therefore, the appearance of suspicious symptoms should not delay going to the doctor. Regardless, the choice was made in favor of the use of drugs or laparoscopy, timely diagnosis and treatment allows you to fully organize the work of the reproductive system.