Fluid in the pelvis in women: treatments and causes

The accumulation of fluid in the pelvis is often diagnosed by instrumental methods of the study of the reproductive, digestive or endocrine system. In some cases this phenomenon is considered to be the norm, and in which it is a symptom of the disease appeared, the physician estimates based on history data and complex diagnostic procedures.

Fluid in the pelvis in women (causes) is not always possible to determine if there are no specific symptoms that characterize certain diseases or physiological processes in the body. To ignore this fact is impossible, because the appearance of exudate (body fluids in the form of infiltration, blood, purulent content) may be a harbinger of dangerous diseases.

Diagnosis of the pathological process

The accumulation of biological fluids in most cases indicates the presence of inflammation present in the abdominal cavity or in the pelvic area. As well as this may indicate excessive content of lymph in the blood, internal organs and tissues.

Fluid in the pelvic cavity may take the following forms:

  • bloody;
  • serous;
  • fibrinous;
  • purulent.

Diagnostic measures in the form of laboratory and instrumental methods of research define the present shape and contribute to determining the course of treatment.

To diagnose the disease process using the following procedures:

  1. Determination of the chemical composition of the infiltrate, presence of pathogens in form of bacteria and fungi. For this purpose, use puncture performed with a needle.
  2. The study region of the pelvis using ultrasound. This method is widely used to identify the root causes of the pathological state. The data of the survey give the doctor important information about the condition of the body.
  3. Cytological examination of material collected when carrying out a puncture. Cytology provides a broad description of what is happening in the body processes, including cancer formations.
  4. Catheterization through the drainage system is used in a large accumulation of fluid in the cavity. If the amount of the presence of the effusion exceeds 20 ml, it is not a normal variant.
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Factors that contribute to the onset of effusion

The emergence of biological fluids provoke the following factors:

  • inflammation accompanying various gynecological diseases (endometriosis,adnexitis, purulent salpingitis, etc.);
  • inflammation of the bladder;
  • intra-abdominal bleeding;
  • liver disease, kidney;
  • adhesions in the fallopian tubes, cervical canal, uterus;
  • ovarian cysts (rupture);
  • ectopic pregnancy (abnormal localization of the ovum);
  • neoplastic processes;
  • violation of venous blood circulation;
  • the metabolic disorders;
  • peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum);
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • perforation of pelvic surgery (unsuccessful catheterization, abortion and other reasons);
  • tuberculosis;
  • the injury.

Sometimes small amount of infiltration observed in the period of ovulation when the Mature follicle bursts and its contents falls into the area behind the uterus. This phenomenon is short-lived and disappears after a few days. In other cases, the effusion in the pelvis considered as a pathological process.

Timely diagnosis allows to prevent possible severe complications.

Excess fluid may be present in the pelvic region are not revealing. This circumstance complicates the diagnosis. In most cases the advice of one specialist is not enough to establish the true causes of disease.

About the accumulation of fluid may indicate the following symptoms:

  • pain of varying intensity in the region of the pelvis, lumbar spine, aggravated by increased physical activity;
  • the increase in size of the abdomen, bloating;
  • a sense of tingling and numbness of the limbs;
  • the appearance of swelling;
  • violation of the General condition (physical and mental);
  • the increase in body temperature;
  • abnormal vaginal discharge (color, odor and texture);
  • change in menstrual cycle (pain, appearance of blood clots);
  • phenomenon discomfort during sexual intercourse, lack of libido.
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The appearance of these symptoms is cause for immediate seeking qualified help. Modern methods of examination provide the ability to determine the nature of the pathology and to prescribe effective treatment. Not worth to study the results of analyzes. The lack of competent approach and adequate therapy may cause the appearance of severe complications poses a real threat to life.


The rationality of applying a particular treatment option needs to be confirmed by the data analyses. Which treatment will be most effective, the attending physician decides.

To resolve the pathology, you can use:

  • the use of medicines;
  • through surgery;
  • symptomatic treatment with traditional medicine.

Drugs systemic and local actions are shown as conservative method of treatment. They include the following groups:

  1. Antibacterial drugs. They are appointed in case of detection of pathogens, with obvious signs of inflammation in the pelvic area. Which drug is most efficient, prompt test results (puncture, PAP smear, General blood test). In most cases, prescribe cephalosporins, macrolides, fluoroquinolones.
  2. The effect of anti-inflammatory drugs aimed at suppressing inflammation and pain. Treatment often is limited by means of local action in the form of rectal suppositories, vaginal suppositories.
  3. Enzyme, probiotic means prescribed for the defeat of the digestive, endocrine systems as adjunctive therapy.
  4. Hormones are mainly used for some gynecological diseases. Elimination of hormonal imbalance in some cases allows you to completely eliminate the resulting pathology at the initial stage of development.
  5. Cytotoxic drugs used for the detection of tumors. Treatment regimen and duration of therapy determined by the physician on the basis of the anamnesis, the General condition of the organism and individual characteristics.
  6. Vitamin-mineral complexes and biologically active additives include in your daily diet with the purpose of increasing resistance of the organism.
  7. Immunomodulators synthetic and vegetable origin complement therapy with the purpose of accumulating internal reserve of the body.
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Surgical method of treatment used in the absence of positive dynamics in conservative treatment method (removal of benign and malignant tumors, catheterization and other kinds of manipulation). As well as in emergencies requiring immediate medical care (ectopic pregnancy, ruptured ovarian cyst, and other life-threatening condition).

Traditional medicines are used symptomatically to manage common symptoms of discomfort. It should be noted that they are unable to act as the main form of treatment.

Plants have natural antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, sedative characteristics, include St. John’s wort, yarrow, calendula, mother and stepmother, and many others. They are used in the form of decoctions and infusions for use inside and carrying out douching, and vaginal fedotenkov.

The fluid collected in the pelvis in women has a variety of causes. The resulting effusion cannot be considered as an independent disease It is a symptom indicating violations of the physiological processes in the body. The identification of the true factors causing the emergence of this disease, affects the tactics of treatment and prognosis.

Regular check-UPS and timely advice from specialists prevent inflammatory processes in the initial stages of development.