Follicular cyst of the right ovary: causes, treatment, symptoms
Follicular cyst of ovary is a benign character. The causes of the disease are very diverse, but the culprit is usually a follicle reached a diameter of 3 cm in the absence of ovulation.
Causes of cysts
The main cause of the disease – hormonal disorders, which may appear on the background of the following factors:
- inadequate sleep;
- a regimen of rest;
- prolonged sexual abstinence;
- the signs of fatigue;
- overeating or failure to comply with the diet;
- excessive physical load;
- sex with different partners;
- gynaecological intervention, including abortion, childbirth problematic and unprofessional examination.
Hormonal balance can be disrupted due to problems with the thyroid gland, stimulation of ovulation, and abnormal hormonal means. And this is not all possible causes as follicular ovarian cyst is still not fully understood by scientists. But it is known that inflammatory processes in the form of salpingitis or oophoritis can also cause problems with the reproductive organs of the female.
How a disease occurs?
Healthy women who have no cause for concern and function of reproductive organs during menstrual cycle is performed to develop follicles, in which egg maturation is carried out by the active. After his break the egg is released, and then through the fallopian tubes and moves in the uterus. Where the ruptured follicle remains yellow body, which is a temporary endocrine gland. It promotes the production of progesterone.
If the follicle does not rupture, the egg remains inside, while the follicular fluid is gradually going in the cavity, as a ground for the occurrence of cysts. Its increase is due to the passage of a certain amount of blood serum through the blood vessels into the cavity of the cystic masses.
Does a follicular cyst of pregnancy?
If any of the ovaries appeared cyst, then ovulation is not out of the question. But in every rule there are exceptions. In medical practice there are cases where pregnancy occurred even in the presence of such problems. Sometimes a cyst is formed and in pregnant women, due to the fact that there has been a maturation of the follicle in any ovary.
In the period of childbearing in the female body produced an impressive amount of progesterone, thanks to which it supports the pregnancy. That is why the yellow body is not the required two weeks, and 3 months of the first trimestre. Of luteum can form a cyst that will resolve itself.
Pregnancy is accompanied by production of prolactin. It inhibits the process of maturation of the follicle, not allowing to happen to the new conception.
When the pregnancy reaches 12 weeks, an ultrasound examination is performed, which can be discovered cystic formation. If its dimensions are small, then a qualified specialist is waiting for 17 weeks to remove the tumor laparoscopically. Early treatment can cause problems and pregnancy will end in miscarriage. But in cases when it is diagnosed follicular cyst of the ovary contains the leg requires immediate removal.
Because of the growing fetus and change the position of all organs in women can occur twisting this foot, which will lead to more serious consequences, among which is a particular danger of tissue necrosis.
Therefore, in such situations, the main task of the doctor is not just to continue the pregnancy and preserve the life and health of the mother.
To avoid such problems, you should think about preventive measures. Normally to make pregnancy will be possible in the case if you pay special attention to the diet. It should contain enough fruits, vegetables, fresh juices. If a woman loses vitamins and minerals, this can be corrected by taking vitamin complexes. Problematic pregnancy requires hospitalization of the patient.
Typical cyst symptoms
The symptoms of the disease depend on the hormonal background cystic education and related illnesses. If over-production of estrogen can bother groin pain, heavy menstruation.
A small follicular cyst of the ovary, the size of which does not exceed 4 cm, does not always have symptoms. Such education is able to disappear on their own after 2-3 the monthly cycle. With a significant size of the cysts, patients are usually observed the following symptoms:
- the presence of blood discharge, long before the beginning or after a month;
- prolonged menstruation and severe pain during this period.
- the disturbance cycle (monthly premature or delayed);
- painful sensations during menstruation;
- the uncomfortable feeling of heaviness in the groin area;
- lowering of basal temperature (less than 36.8 degrees);
- groin pain during physical activity, running, sexual intercourse, sudden change in body position.
It is important to know that a follicular cyst left ovary appears as well as follicular cyst of the right ovary. But characteristic of these symptoms may indicate even the inflammation of the Appendix. Therefore, without skilled care and a comprehensive examination in this situation can not do. Modern diagnostic methods allow accurate diagnosis to establish the causes of failures and to select appropriate treatment. Importantly, to timely pay attention to the symptoms and take appropriate action.
Symptoms of damage to the follicular cyst
A sudden movement, sexual intercourse or excessive physical activity can lead to twisted legs cyst or rupture of ovarian. In such situations, require immediate surgical treatment.
Upon rupture of the follicular cyst may experience the following symptoms:
- weakness in the body;
- the decrease in blood pressure;
- dyspeptic disorder;
- shrill and unbearable pain, leading to shock;
- cyanosis or pallor of the skin.
If the rupture happened near a blood vessel, these symptoms can be augmented inhibited state, drowsiness, heart palpitations.
Inaction can lead to severe hemorrhage, purulent peritonitis, anemia, infertility in the future, and even death.
Timely medical assistance will help to avoid serious complications and to minimize the consequences. Therefore, any suspicious symptoms deserve attention.
The treatment of the disease
After the discovery of the cyst doctors usually prefer to wait a certain time before you resort to drastic measures. If cystic formation has not disappeared-it-yourself 2-3 months of observations, and even increased in size, then treatment is required.
To accelerate the process of resorption of an ovarian cyst, experts strongly recommend the treatment: phonophoresis, electrophoresis and magnetotherapy. But only a doctor should determine how to treat the patient. Practice shows that such methods are ineffective in cysts of large size (over 7 cm in diameter). In this situation, only surgical treatment are able to solve the problem.
To restore the hormonal levels, which causes a follicular cyst of the ovary, medication is required. If education is discovered for the first time, or it recurs often, it can be treated with contraceptive drugs. Thanks to their action, the normalization of hormonal background. This method is also ideal for the prevention of disease.
To minimize the risk of recurrence, your doctor may recommend the taking of homeopathic medicines in combination with vitamin means.This therapy can normalize the ovaries and strengthen the protective functions of the body. Can be held simultaneously to fix problems with kidney, liver, thyroid gland, gastrointestinal tract.
But the most reliable treatment is laparoscopic excision of the mass. This method is completely safe for the patient and takes approximately 30 minutes. The advantage of this operation is the absence of traces after the intervention. As the anesthesia used epidural anesthesia.
If there is suspected complications, then the treatment is not carried out laparoscopically and is in full operation with the incisions in the abdomen.
- Oophorectomy – removal of the damaged ovary.
- Cystectomy – destroyed exclusively a follicular cyst of the ovary. Functions of the authority are in process of healing of the operated area.
- Resection – removes cyst and damaged tissue of the ovary. This operation allows to preserve the reproductive functions of women.
If the follicular cyst of the ovary was of large size, formed of the punctures of the operation is not sutured another day because they are working of the drainage system.