Functional ovarian cyst: what is it, how to cure, symptoms, causes, photos
Cyst is one of the most common diseases of the female reproductive system. Functional ovarian cyst is a small tumor that is formed in the follicle during ovulation. A benign tumor is not mutated in malignant form. The danger may be the rupture of the cyst and its rapid growth, which could trigger pressure on the healthy tissue of the ovary.
Functional ovarian cyst is diagnosed most often in young women. In rare cases the disease affects women older than 50 years. During menopause a cyst is diagnosed very rarely. The tumor most often develops on the one hand, the so-called dominant follicle, but there are bilateral of disease.
Varieties of pathology
Functional ovarian cyst is diagnosed in two basic types:
- the luteal.
Follicular tumor of the right and left ovary, is formed directly in the egg. During ovulation the egg fails to emerge from the follicle, which naturally accumulate fluid. Luteal cyst may form after ovulation, the follicle during this period closes, and the liquid it gradually begins to accumulate.
The main causes of the disease
Reasons contributing to the development of cystic tumors, can be different. The main causes are hormonal imbalance, early start of menstruation in women, the thyroid dysfunction.
The causes of tumor development can also be in infectious diseases of various etiologies, goes untreated inflammation of the genital organs, hypothermia and frequent abortions. For women it is extremely important to observe the condition of the genital organs, to know the causes of the disease and systematically visit your gynecologist.
Timely diagnosis ensures a more simple and effective treatment.
Experts attribute many reasons for the development of cysts of the right and left ovaries with an incorrect lifestyle, constant stress and bad habits.
Ovarian tumor of the right and left for a long time may develop without visible symptoms. In 70% of cases, diagnosis of the cysts, the woman does not suspect the presence of a tumor. Symptoms the growth of tumors and may manifest as:
- aching pain in the abdomen;
- of menstrual cycle;
- heaviness in region of ovary;
- blood discharge between menstrual cycles.
Cyst ovarian right and left dangerous capability gap as a result of which, there may be uncontrolled bleeding in the peritoneum. Gynecologists advise to pay special attention to the symptoms and promptly seek qualified help. The first symptoms of rupture of the right and left ovary appear in the form of a sharp pain in the abdomen and fever.
Symptoms when cysts rupture occur in the first hour after an event of rupture of the tumor tissues. Untimely visit to the gynecologist, can cause severe peritonitis and cause a lot of complications. In addition, when tissue cystic masses may be affected by healthy ovarian tissue that can cause serious bleeding.
To control the size of the cyst should systematically undergo an ultrasound examination and a visit to the gynecologist. The symptoms can be read on the information boards in the hospital, or to find on routine physical examination with your doctor.
Cystic tumor of the left ovary
A functional ovarian cyst is diagnosed much more often than right. Gynecologists attribute this to the physiological development of the reproductive system female. Often the egg Matures in the left ovary. To trigger the development of tumors of the left ovary, able intestines. Through the thin wall of muscular tissue and mucous membrane inflammation can be transmitted to the left ovary.
Diagnosis of neoplasm of the left ovary is performed using palpation on the gynecological chair or on ultrasound. At diagnosis the attending doctor should know as much information as possible about the patient. No need to hide bad habits, illness, chronic diseases and lifestyle, this information may be useful to the doctor for a proper diagnosis.
Cystic tumor of the right ovary
Ovarian cyst right is diagnosed very rarely. The location of the right ovary from the point of view of the peculiarities of the female body is more advantageous. The tumor of the right ovary diagnosed by the symptoms and location of pain, as well as the left with the help of ultrasound or the doctor. The position of the right ovary is more profitable, but it does not exclude the possibility in the rare cases of the appearance of the cyst. Symptoms and signs of disease of both ovaries are the same.
The size of the functional cysts and treatments
Functional ovarian cyst has different sizes, depending on which treatment. When the diameter of the tumor up to 4 cm gynecologist appoints systematic observation, and with pronounced symptoms, prescribes medications. With a diameter from 5 up to 7 cm treated depending on set of factors.
The main factors influencing the treatment:
When the diameter of tumors more than 7 cm can cause severe complications:
- torsion legs;
- the gap;
- tissue necrosis;
- the damage to the body of the ovary.
In the presence of one of the four factors, the size of cystic tumors larger than 8 cm are recommended for treatment by surgery.
Modern medicine allows to treat cystic masses in a gentle way. The tumor is sutured or extirpate with the help of laparoscopy.
The operation is gentle and less traumatic. Stitches after laparoscopy small, heal quickly. The rehabilitation period after laparoscopy 3-5 days.
To treat the tumor with sparing surgery laparoscopy is possible in the absence of signs of tissue necrosis, torsion of the body of the tumor, as well as other predictable complications.
If one of the above signs treatment is administered in abdominal surgery. The treatment prescribed by your doctor after examination and necessary tests. Technique and treatment are performed in accordance with the received data. Laparotomy — this is a complex surgery requiring a long rehabilitation period.
Functional cyst during pregnancy
Cystic formation and pregnancy concept of medicine is compatible. In fact, the tumor does not prevent the woman to get pregnant. Under favorable course of the pregnancy helps to get rid of cystic masses, which is just in the process dissipates. This is due to favorable hormonal background during pregnancy, which adversely affects the development of functional tumors.
Cyst, which appeared in the course of ovulation do not affect pregnancy. The danger of tumors of large size, which can cause torsion and rupture of the growth of the fetus. Pregnancy can occur without pathologies, if the tumor exceeds 7 cm, and it is not growing. There are cases when cystic formation diagnosed after conception. Pregnancy in this case can develop normally and the fetus, the tumor is not affected.
In the diagnosis of cysts with a diameter greater than 7 cm, pregnancy are trying to preserve by any means. The basic danger of the large cystic formations in the risk of torsion, under the influence of the growing uterus. If there are indications for surgery will be scheduled. Pregnancy is not an indication to cancel the operation.
The ability to conceive, carry a fetus to term when the diagnosis of cystic tumors in the ovaries is big enough. For young women planning to get pregnant diagnosis of a functional cyst is not a sentence. After medical treatment or surgery, you can become pregnant and bear a healthy child.
Getting pregnant is possible and the presence of cysts, but this requires more careful control of the gynecologist at all stages of fetal development. In order to avoid problems and complications of pregnancy need to be monitored regularly by a doctor to undergo an ultrasound examination.
Rupture of ovarian tumor and possible complications
Special hazard functional tumor large is the threat of rupture and torsion legs of education. Complications are accompanied by peritonitis and may lead to unpredictable consequences, if not given timely medical help. It is important for every woman not to miss the annual routine gynecologic examinations and know the symptoms of the disease.