High hemoglobin in women: causes and treatment

Hemoglobin is a protein involved in the transport of oxygen and other blood gases. In various diseases the level deviates significantly from normal values. Women less often in the blood has a high hemoglobin, most of this figure is reduced. But, like anemia, is a condition threatens certain complications, so the need for timely diagnosis.


An increase in the level of hemoglobin in the blood of women is observed with increased formation of red blood cells. In this way, the body compensates for the oxygen deficiency in the tissues. There are a few reasons in which increase hemoglobin is normal. Some of them relate to compensatory mechanisms for adaptation to certain conditions of stay. Normal hemoglobin in a woman should be 120 – 140 g/l With age this figure practically does not change.

Physiological causes

Release causes, which are able temporarily to increase hemoglobin. Sometimes it can be normal depending on the conditions of stay.

Reasons Description
Intense exercise At intensive physical activities related to occupation or sport, in the blood there is a high level of hemoglobin. Anabolic steroid abuse can temporarily increase it. Professional athletes and people hard physical labor need more oxygen in the tissue. The body’s need for oxygen increases dramatically, which is associated with intense oxidative processes in muscles. Therefore, the increased hemoglobin in women athletes is considered a prerequisite for the reactions occurring in the myocytes (muscle cells).
Alpine conditions The increase in hemoglobin in the blood is considered the norm in people living in mountainous conditions. At high altitudes occurs the adaptation of the organism to the oxygen deficiency. Thus the female body compensates for the load. It is typical for flight attendants and climbers.
Smoking The critical level of hemoglobin occurs in the blood in women who abuse tobacco for many years. Lung tissue is supplied richly, and cigarette smoke is becoming a factor hindering its normal functioning. When a woman smokes, the red blood cells is enriched in the desired quantity alveoli (lung cells) with oxygen. Recovered hemoglobin, which they gave, goes on life-support cell structures. Smoking inducing vasoconstriction and deficiency of blood to the lungs, why the body and triggers a compensatory process in the form of increased hemoglobin 140 g/l and above.
Burns After a burn in a short time indicators in the analysis will be increased, and then begin to decline slowly. This condition occurs when massive burns when the liquid part of blood (plasma) out of blood vessels. She then thickens, which causes an increase in the analysis of formed elements. After replacement of fluid lost figures are gradually falling. Reduced hemoglobin (80-90 g/l) can be kept for several days, to get the body accustomed to the changed conditions.

Dehydration during vomiting, severe diarrhea (more than 10 times a day), excessive severe sweating leads to thickening of the blood. Hemoglobin 150 g/l becomes the result of these conditions. In infectious diseases, these symptoms depend on the severity. Cause of sweating is high body temperature (38 – 40C).

In the absence of the injection liquid in the same amount that was lost by the cells, the thickening of the blood. It becomes life-threatening, because it increases the risk of thrombosis.

Taking a multivitamin Deficiency of vitamins and minerals many women are trying to recover the loss of different drugs. Most often, the hemoglobin level in women rises in the uncontrolled intake of multivitamins. After completion of the course of treatment, its level gradually begins to fall and returns to normal.
Anemia Any girl in puberty can suffer anemia. The first symptoms in most cases appear when too pronounced and prolonged menstruation. While the blood test shows low hemoglobin, which you want to restore.

  • Mild — drop indicators occur up to 120 – 95 g/l,
  • average — 94 – 89 g/l,
  • heavy — 88 – 85 g/l and below.

Anemia (marked simultaneously symptoms and signs of anemia in blood tests) was observed among girls with a small decrease in hemoglobin (117 g/l). In the treatment of multivitamin, its concentration increases to 122 g/l. in self-assignment the level of hemoglobin can significantly exceed the norm. This condition increases the risk of complications and, therefore, self-treatment when anemia is unacceptable.

Stress Stressful situations cause short-term spikes and low blood counts. In some women, the hemoglobin increased to 150 g/l and above. A few hours later it is normalized. During stress the body is experiencing oxygen starvation and sends a signal the red bone marrow. The cells start to produce excessive red blood cells that carry to the tissues of the nutrients.

Pathological causes

Special campaign treatment require pathological causes of high hemoglobin.

  • Tumors

For tumors benign and malignant nature is changing all the germs of blood (white and red). There is a decrease in performance when running the process, where the hemoglobin 57 g/l and below. In the early stages of tumor growth it increased to 157 g/L.

  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system, digestive tract

Cardiovascular disease with simultaneous damage to the lung tissue cause the increase of hemoglobin in erythrocytes. Red bone marrow is trying to compensate for the oxygen deficiency excessive formation of blood cells. This condition is most common among people older than 50 years. With timely treatment, and properly selected drugs as stabiliziruemost, and hemoglobin should gradually fall to normal values.

  • Renal disease

Kidneys are organs that regulate the formation of red blood cells. Therefore, when a high hemoglobin must be evaluated to rule out pathology.

  • Genetic disorders

In addition to the acquired diseases of particular importance to genetic abnormalities. These include hemochromatosis, when iron metabolism is disrupted in the body and its excess is deposited in tissues. Indicators of hemoglobin in red blood cells never falls below the level of 150 g/L.

  • Diabetes

People with diabetes should monitor not only your daily glucose levels, but glacierbay hemoglobin. It has a direct dependence on the spikes in blood sugar.

  • Erythremia, or illness Wekesa

With the increased hemoglobin in women it is necessary to conduct diagnosis to rule out the disease Wekesa. It has a chronic course. For a long time the symptoms may not bother and so it is often detected after the age of 40. Women seek help when you have pain in the left hypochondrium, increased blood pressure, you experience nasal or uterine bleeding. Simultaneously with the growth of hemoglobin there is an increase in the number of erythrocytes and other blood cells.


High levels of hemoglobin are considered signal of changes in the body that need attention. Therefore are important timely diagnosis and doctor’s consultation. High hemoglobin in women requires a special approach.

After establishing the cause, is assigned to the following treatment:

  • diet;
  • the medication;
  • hirudotherapy,
  • electrophoresis.

The main focus of treatment is considered proper nutrition. It is necessary to limit consumption of red meat (beef, lamb), wine, buckwheat, fish and red varieties (but are allowed no more than 1 times a week with dishes of river fish). It is necessary to make meals as varied as possible. You should include green tea, poultry, dairy products, citrus fruits. In addition to juices and other beverages, you should drink water at least 2.5 L.

In order to reduce the indicators of hemoglobin (less than 120 g/l), prescribe a treatment krovanistaya funds. They are particularly necessary for women after 50 – 56 years, who have a tendency to thrombosis. The medication is under the control of blood tests.

The most effective drugs:

  • Has chimes;
  • Aspirin;
  • Cardiomagnyl;
  • Trental.

Recommended hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches). They contain salivary fluid substances, which not only thin the blood and increase the body’s defenses.

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