How to stop hair loss during menopause
Women over the age of 45 enter into a new phase of life — menopause. This state is characterized by many unpleasant symptoms, but nothing causes such regrets as hair loss, especially if they began to fall simultaneously and in large quantity. This problem is extremely urgent — about 50% say they have active hair loss at menopause. What are the causes of this phenomenon and how to stop thinning of the once luxurious curls — see below.
Causes of hair loss in menopause
Hair loss during menopause is associated primarily with the imbalance of hormones in a woman’s body increases the amount of male testosterone, while the level of female estrogen gradually decreases. As a result, alopecia (baldness) male pattern.
Hair loss during menopause is a secondary process, the result of hormonal changes in the body.
Among other reasons of hair loss are:
- disorders of the thyroid gland;
- taking certain medications;
- related diseases;
- irrational nutrition;
- improper hair care;
Factors influencing the loss of strands, in some cases may only become apparent after some time. So it is always worth remembering what happened with you in recent months — whether it was strong shocks, not hurt you, do not take any drugs that cause alopecia, etc.
Hair loss during menopause — the phenomenon is mostly natural, but it can be prevented, if the time to take all the necessary measures. There are a number of methods of getting rid of this trouble.
For a start, definitely need to see a specialist — a gynecologist, endocrinologist, or trichologist. If hair loss is associated with decreased levels of the female hormones, the patient prescribers with the necessary dose of estrogen. Often after a few months of taking the excess hair loss stops, but to prescribe treatment with hormonal medications should only physician given the history and all the studies, ultrasonic diagnostics, a blood test to determine the level of sex hormones, and prothrombin index (clotting).
Another hormonal agent in the fight for the beauty of hair in older women — the phytoestrogens. These substances are produced by plant cells and its structure is almost indistinguishable from the hormones produced by the female body. Phytoestrogens have the same properties as endogenous estrogens, and therefore the preparations on their basis are widely used for the treatment of alopecia in women of menopausal age. However, the treatment of them must be strictly under the supervision of a specialist.
In addition to hormone therapy, women are often prescribed the drug for local application of Minoxidil. It improves blood circulation and stimulates hair growth, «waking up» dormant hair follicles.
Another drug to fight baldness in women over 45 Metformin. Excellent results also shows the treatment with drugs furokumarinov type. They improve the health of the scalp to stimulate the processes of circulation and regeneration in the affected areas of the epidermis, nourish the hair roots. As a result, the amount of fallen hair is reduced.
If the cause of baldness steel comorbidities, the required treatment of the underlying disease. In anemia shows iron preparations and vitamin B12, when problems with the thyroid gland — hormones, correcting her work, etc.
Changing eating habits
To reduce hair loss during menopause will help the lifestyle change. What woman could safely afford at a young age, with the onset of menopause can lead to big health problems until the complete loss of hair growth on the face and chest. This applies to Smoking, alcohol, abundance of fat and «bad» food. The main recommendations for the correction of lifestyle are as follows:
- a good night’s sleep for 6-8 hours;
- a healthy diet with plenty of protein, vegetables and fruits;
- moderate physical activity;
- weight control;
- avoidance of stress;
- the development of techniques of relaxation and meditation.
Proper care of hair in menopause will allow if not to stop entirely, but at least to reduce the number of fallen hairs. Practical tips for caring for curls:
- for shampooing use only checked (preferably drugstore) shampoos for your hair type;
- wash your hair every other day;
- try not to use wash water in a high content of chlorine;
- avoid combing wet hair — they are more prone to damage;
- use hair dryers, Curling irons and hair iron-straightener only in case of urgent need;
- do not overdo the colouring and lightening hair, especially in the home — chemical compounds found in paints, dry hair, they become dull, brittle, lifeless, brittle and fall actively;
- don’t overuse purchase hair masks — they are allowed to do 1-2 times a week;
- daily massage the scalp massager or fingers — this increases blood flow and promotes the growth of new hairs.
To stop hair loss will help and folk remedies — infusions and decoctions of herbs and fruits, masks, balms, lotions, compresses. The Internet lists a huge amount of effective recipes, however, you need to understand that these are just supplementary measures is not capable to remove the cause of alopecia. Therefore, in order to avoid unpleasant consequences is recommended before using them to obtain the approval of the attending doctor.
In various homemade masks and salves against loss may include:
- honey and products of beekeeping;
- dairy products — yogurt, sour cream, yogurt;
- fruit or vegetable pulp;
- Apple cider vinegar;
- vegetable and cosmetic oils.
Before using a particular ingredient you need to make sure that you are not allergic. For this you need to apply a little of the mixture on the skin of the elbow and remove in a few minutes.
If during the day it will not have any unpleasant phenomena — redness, itching, peeling, the composition can be used without fear.
Very popular mask based on mustard, onion or red pepper — they promote blood flow to the scalp. However, in order to avoid dryness, apply them only on the roots and strands, meanwhile, apply any vegetable or cosmetic oil, burdock, almond, peach, olive, argan, macadamia and other Oils nourish and protect hair, maintain the necessary moisture level and impart a beautiful Shine.
Rinse decoction of nettle, sage, chamomile, hop cones, burdock, birch leaf is also a great support tool that helps to prevent hair loss during menopause. Useful as a mask of herbal gruel with honey or oils.
These are just some of the popular recipes that are recommended by folk medicine against hair loss. They are suitable not only for older women, but just for those who want to preserve the beauty and thickness of his curls.
Thinning hair during menopause — the phenomenon, though unpleasant, but still natural. Not many women over 45 have managed to avoid it. But it can be dealt with — the observance of a healthy lifestyle, attention to their health, control emotions, competent grooming will allow as long as possible to preserve the beauty and thickness of hair. This will help a woman as much as possible to feel the youthfulness, attractiveness and self-confidence.