Itching during menopause in women how to treat
Itching, dryness and discomfort in the genital area – frequent companions of menopause, which can be signs not only of age-related changes of the reproductive system, but also a number of comorbidities. To ignore these alarming symptoms is unacceptable as they can lead to serious consequences for women’s health. Fortunately, the timely begun treatment and making some changes in your lifestyle from itching during menopause can completely get rid of.
Itching during menopause treatment
With the onset of menopause hormonal women undergoing enormous changes that affect not only the reproductive system but also affect the whole body. One of the most unpleasant symptoms of menopause is itching and discomfort in the intimate area. If you experience this symptom should not allow the situation to drift and to postpone the visit to a specialist to exclude sexual infection and other diseases. Early treatment of itching during menopause will not only stop the pain but to avoid possible severe consequences of atrophic changes in the genital organs.
Causes of discomfort during menopause
Menopause is accompanied by a gradual irreversible decline in estrogens – female sex hormones, responsible primarily for reproductive function. Their deficiency leads to a significant reduction of the thickness of the epithelium of the genital organs and loss of their elasticity. In addition, sharply reduced the secretory activity of sexual glands and the production of collagen fibers responsible for rapid tissue regeneration. All this causes discomfort in private parts, which usually begins with the crotch area because of the dryness and thinning of large and small labia.
Itching and burning in the vagina without discharge is considered a manifestation of the so-called atrophic vulvovaginitis, and in the crotch – vulvovaginal atrophy. By themselves, these age-related changes do not pose a serious danger to women’s health. However, combing pathological area and sexual contact without the use of additional lubrication can lead to long-healed cracks and erosions, provoking the annexation of infections and exacerbation of inflammatory diseases.
The development of the clinical picture is not instantaneous, and within a few months or even years. Often itching of the genital organs in menopause is episodic in nature and is felt only after urination or intercourse. But in some women, this symptom manifests itself in a very severe and accompanied by unbearable pain in the area of the labia and perineum, sleep disorders and mood swings.
Regardless of the intensity of discomfort in the intimate zones to ignore the pathology in any case it is not necessary, as well as should not self-medicate. Upon detection of the first signs of atrophic changes, you must immediately go to the gynecologist or the gynecologist-endocrinologist for appointment of adequate therapy.
During menopause there is a significant reduction of local immunity in the vagina and worsening of chronic pathologies. Moreover, age-related changes often open the way for many serious diseases. The debut of cancer or diabetes most often falls on this period. Therefore, the itching, tingling and marked redness of the external genitalia are not always the only symptom of atrophic processes in the body.
Often these symptoms disappear serious comorbidities, namely:
- Diabetes. The urine glucose even short contact with thinned tissues, it causes irritation and provokes a burning sensation in the intimate area.
- Inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. In this case the irritating factors are contained in the urine of bacteria and the decomposition products of urea.
- Candidiasis. Violation of the microflora of the vagina due to hormonal changes lead to pathological growth of the fungus of the genus Candida, accompanied by abundant cheesy discharge and a burning sensation.
- Genital tract infections. Gardnerellosis, trichomoniasis and other diseases have similar symptoms: discharge with strong odor, pain during urination and itching in the vagina.
- Dermatitis. Thinning of the walls of the external genitalia and the lack of protective lubrication often leads to discomfort, which could trigger ordinary soap for hygiene or wearing synthetic underwear.
- Genital herpes. It is established that herpes virus is present in the body the vast majority of people, most of the time being dormant. Hormonal shake-up in women at menopause can awaken the infection, even if it never manifested itself until the present time.
- Tumors of the uterus or ovaries. At the occurrence of this disease is a significant change in vaginal microflora, which leads to itching of the genitals in women.
Treatment of itching with menopause
What to do if you experience discomfort and itching? The first step is to sign up to a specialist, who will pick up an individual treatment plan for each case. To treatment was rapid and effective, it should consist of the following stages:
- clarification of all possible causes of discomfort;
- treatment or transfer to a remission of comorbidities;
- removing the immediate symptoms of age-related changes of genital organs;
- treatment with phytoestrogens on the recommendation of a doctor;
- the appointment of hormonal drugs in special cases;
- competent prevention of complications and correction of the daily hygiene procedures.
If the causes of itching vagina and vulva lie exclusively in age-related changes of the reproductive system, the doctor usually prescribes drugs local action in the form of suppositories, gels or oils to relieve the unpleasant symptoms. Now comes a lot of medicinal and hygiene products with antiseptic and soothing properties. Most experts prefer the following brands:
- candles Ovestin, Estriol, Astrocat, ortho Gynest;
- gels Ovestin, Dermestril, Divigel, Climar;
- soothing oil Linocomfort, Magical, Montavit.
Among other things gynecologists strongly recommend the use of special water-based lubricant with each act of intercourse. It not only give extra comfort but also to protect the delicate mucous membranes from undesirable injuries.
It should be remembered that all of these drugs provide only temporary relief and are complementary tools in the treatment of the main causes of discomfort.
Treatment of opportunistic diseases
How to treat a particular disease causing itching and burning during menopause may specifically say only your doctor. Depending on the main causes of unpleasant symptoms is assigned to the following background therapy:
- Diabetes requires a special diet and reduce blood sugar levels to normal value by using tools such as Mininal, Metrodin, etc. In special cases, shows the injection of insulin.
- Inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract are treated with antibiotics or antiseptics in accordance with the recommendations of the expert.
- With vaginal candidiasis and genital infections successfully cope candles Terginan, Pimafucin, Metronidazole, Clotrimazole and drugs with lactic bacteria to restore the natural vaginal flora.
- The symptoms of dermatitis cropped using a strict diet, local drugs (Solcoseryl, Widestep), antihistamines and addressing the root cause irritation.
- Genital herpes can be treated with ointments and creams Hectare, Zovirax, in combination with oral receiving immunomodulators.
- From malignant diseases rid of surgical or conservative manner depending on the type of pathology.
Phytoestrogens are a unique analogues of female sex hormones of vegetable origin. They reduce all the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, including discomfort in the intimate area. There are several plants rich in phytoestrogens:
- beans, soy and other beans;
- red clover;
- black cohosh has been.
As one of the possible treatment options of itching and burning during menopause, specialists prescribe such medicines as Remains, Estravel and Klimadinon. These medicines are completely natural and safe, have a soft action and have no side effects, so they can be taken for long periods of time.
Hormone treatment is prescribed for severe menopause, when other means do not help. Hormone replacement therapy has many contraindications and side effects, so each patient gets an individual treatment plan taking into account all possible risks.
Therapy discomfort in the vagina during menopause requires an integrated approach. Not the last role here is played by hygiene. Daily routines should be gentle enough not to cause the formation of microcracks on the genitals and not to disturb the fragile flora. For cleaning use pH neutral hypoallergenic means on the basis of lactic acid (lactacyd®, the Epigenome). Use ordinary soap or gels with fragrances and dyes is highly undesirable.
Some folk remedies can relieve irritation. From time to time can be used decoctions of herbs (chamomile, sage, Bur marigold, yarrow or a mixture thereof) for cleaning or sitz baths. Good help from dryness and irritation with a cotton-gauze tampons with sea buckthorn oil, vitamins A and E or a water infusion of marigold flowers.
It is desirable to refuse synthetic underwear in favor of products made of natural materials, do not use washing powders or gels perfumed.
Forecast treatment of itching with menopause favorable
When properly selected treatment-related menopause itching is quite fast, if a woman does not tighten with a visit to the gynecologist. Ignoring the painful symptoms in the genital area is unacceptable, because from the time of initiation of therapy depends on the forecast of possible complications and severe health consequences. Among them are the inflammatory pathology of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, kidneys, bladder and ureters, with difficult to treat erosions and even cancer, which can develop quite rapidly.
To help the body cope with the unpleasant effects of menopause, you should follow simple recommendations about which often forget:
- to eliminate the factors that accelerate the aging female body (stress, Smoking, alcohol, chronic lack of sleep, overweight);
- gymnastics, yoga, walking and other physical activity;
- revise your diet (reduce intake of fatty meats, at least partially, replacing them with marine fish and vegetable oils to include in your daily menu fruits, vegetables, complex carbohydrates);
- daily drink at least 2 liters of pure water, to drink green tea instead of black;
- to avoid stress and avoid fatigue.
As a restorative means at menopause can be used infusions and decoctions of herbs of upland uterus, chamomile, motherwort, nettle, calendula, marjoram, or mixtures thereof. To prepare the drink, you need approximately 50 g of dry plant material pour 400 – 600 ml of boiling water and boil on low heat for 5 – 7 minutes. Give fluids to infuse under the lid, then strain through a strainer or cheesecloth. Make 2 – 3 times a day for 3 to 4 tbsp. for 10 – 14 days.
It must be remembered that the menopause is inevitable, but with timely beginning of the integrated management of its unpleasant manifestations, you can make your life absolutely comfortable and happy.